Colonnade


Colonnade

In classical architecture, a colonnade denotes a long sequence of columns joined by their entablature, often free-standing, or part of a building.[1]

When in front of a building, screening the door (Latin porta), it is called a portico, when enclosing an open court, a peristyle. A portico may be more than one rank of columns deep, as at the Pantheon in Rome or the stoae of Ancient Greece. Paired or multiple pairs of columns are normally employed in a colonnade, but the porch of columns that surrounds a peripteral classical temple (such as the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C.) can be termed a colonnade.[2]

At the British Museum porticos are continued along the front as a colonnade. In U.S. sports stadiums, there are several famous examples of colonnades, including: Harvard Stadium in Boston, whose entire horseshoe-shaped stadium is topped by one, the two twin sets on either side of Soldier Field in Chicago (although these are no longer visible from inside the stadium as of the 2004 renovations), and Memorial Stadium at the University of Illinois, which are located on the façade of the grandstands on either side of the field, and the University of Virginia's former American Football stadium Lambeth Field has colonnades that wrap around the top of the bleachers. According to Emporis, the New York State Education Building in Albany, New York has the longest colonnade in the United States, with 36 Corinthian columns.[3]

Notable colonnades

References

See also

  • balustrade

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • colonnade — [ kɔlɔnad ] n. f. • 1740; colonnate 1675; de colonne 1 ♦ File de colonnes sur une ou plusieurs rangées, formant un ensemble architectural. Les colonnades des temples grecs. 2 ♦ Géol. Ensemble de formations géologiques en forme de colonne.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Colonnade — • A number of columns symmetrically arranged in one or more rows Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Colonnade     Colonnade     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • colonnade — colonnade, arcade, arcature, portico, peristyle are discriminable as used in architecture. A colonnade is a row of columns (typically on the outside of a building) spaced at regular intervals and carrying an architrave or horizontal member lying… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • colonnade — COLONNADE. s. f. collectif. Suite de colonnes rangées pour servir d ornement à un grand édifice, à une place publique, ou à un beau jardin. La colonnade de Saint Pierre. La colonnade des jardins de Versailles. La colonnade du Louvre …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Colonnade — Col on*nade , n. [F. colonnade, It. colonnata, fr. colonna column. See {Colonel}.] (Arch.) A series or range of columns placed at regular intervals with all the adjuncts, as entablature, stylobate, roof, etc. [1913 Webster] Note: When in front of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • colonnade — 1718, from Fr. colonnade, from It. colonnato, from colonna column, from L. columna pillar (see HILL (Cf. hill)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Colonnade — (fr., Bauk.), so v. w. Säulenhalle …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Colonnade — Colonnade, eine mit einem Gebälke bedeckte Säulenreihe. S. Säulenordnung …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Colonnade — Colonnade, ein mit Säulen umgebener, wenigstens auf einer Seite offener Gang; die alte Baukunst wandte die C. viel mehr an als die heutige. Es ist übrigens nicht zu leugnen, daß die C. nur in den Südländern ihre eigentliche Anwendung findet; im… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • colonnade — ► NOUN ▪ a row of evenly spaced columns supporting a roof or other structure. DERIVATIVES colonnaded adjective. ORIGIN French, from Latin columna column …   English terms dictionary

  • colonnade — [käl΄ə nād′] n. [Fr < It colonnato < colonna < L columna,COLUMN] Archit. a series of columns set at regular intervals, usually supporting a roof or series of arches colonnaded adj …   English World dictionary


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