Auditorium


Auditorium
Auditorio de Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain)

An auditorium is a room built to enable an audience to hear and watch performances at venues such as theatres. For movie theaters, the number of auditoriums is expressed as the number of screens.

Contents

Etymology

The term is taken from Latin (from audītōrium, from audītōrius (“‘pertaining to hearing’”)); the concept is taken from the Greek auditorium, which had a series of semi-circular seating shelves in the theatre, divided by broad 'belts', called diazomata, with eleven rows of seats between each.

The auditorium of the Municipal Theatre, Regensburg, Germany

Modern auditorium structure

The audience in a modern theatre are usually separated from the performers by the proscenium arch, although other types of stage are common.

The price charged for seats in each part of the auditorium (known in the industry as the house) usually varies according to the quality of the view of the stage. The seating areas can include some or all of the following:

  • Stalls or arena: the lower flat area, usually below or at the same level as the stage.
  • Balconies or galleries: one or more raised seating platforms towards the rear of the auditorium. In larger theatres, multiple levels are stacked vertically above or behind the stalls. The first level is usually called the dress circle or grand circle. The highest platform, or upper circle is sometimes known as the gods, especially in large opera houses, where the seats can be very high and a long distance from the stage.
  • Boxes: typically placed immediately to the front, side and above the level of the stage. They are often separate rooms with an open viewing area which typically seat only a handful of people. These seats are typically considered the most prestigious of the house. A state box or royal box is sometimes provided for dignitaries.

See also

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • auditorium — [ oditɔrjɔm ] n. m. • 1906; mot lat. ♦ Salle spécialement aménagée pour les auditions musicales et théâtrales, et notamment pour les enregistrements et les émissions de radio et de télévision. Des auditoriums. ● auditorium nom masculin (latin… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • auditórium — (del lat. «auditorĭum») m. Auditorio (sala). * * * auditórium. (Del lat. auditorĭum). m. auditorio (ǁ sala). * * * Parte de un teatro o sala de espectáculos, distinta del escenario, donde los asistentes toman asiento. El auditórium se originó en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Auditorium — Sn Hörerschaft, Hörsaal erw. fach. (15. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. audītōrium Hörsaal , zu l. audītor m. Hörer , zu l. audīre hören . Während das Wort in der Grundbedeutung ein heute nicht mehr übliches akademisches Fachwort ist, ist die… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • AUDITORIUM — Graece Κατηχουμεν´ιον, locus in Aede sacra, in quo consistebant Audiemes seu Catechumeni; vellocus, ubi fideles verba Contionatorum excipiebant. Concil. Carthag. IV. c. 24. Sacerdote verbum faciente in Ecclesia, qui egressus de Auditorio fuerit,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Auditorium — Au di*to ri*um, n. [L. See {Auditory}, n.] 1. The part of a church, theater, or other public building, assigned to the audience. [1913 Webster] Note: In ancient churches the auditorium was the nave, where hearers stood to be instructed; in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • auditorium — UK US /ˌɔːdɪˈtɔːriəm/ noun [C] ► the part of a theatre, or similar building, where the audience sit: »The ten thousand seat auditorium was filled to capacity. ► a large public building such as a theatre: »The lecture will be held in the… …   Financial and business terms

  • Auditorium B&B — (Рим,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Via Olanda, 12, Фламинио, 00195 Рим, Италия …   Каталог отелей

  • Auditorĭum — (lat.), 1) Ort, wo man hört; 2) im Mittelalter Gerichtshof; 3) Ort in der Kirche für Katechumenen, j. Schiff; 4) Hörsaal für Vorlesungen in Akademien u. auf Universitäten; so schon Auditorium Constantins des Großen, vom Kaiser Constantin d. Gr.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • auditorium — 1727, from L. auditorium lecture room, lit. place where something is heard, neuter of auditorius (adj.) of or for hearing, from auditus, pp. of audire to hear (see AUDIENCE (Cf. audience)). Earlier in the same sense was auditory (late 14c.) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Auditorium — Auditorium: Die bildungssprachliche Bezeichnung für »Hörsaal, Zuhörerschaft« wurde im 16. Jh. aus gleichbed. lat. auditorium entlehnt. Es gehört zu lat. auditorius »Zuhörer«, einer Bildung zu audire »hören« (vgl. Audienz) …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • auditórium — (Del lat. auditorĭum). m. auditorio (ǁ sala) …   Diccionario de la lengua española


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