Mehmaan khana


Mehmaan khana

A Mehmaan Khana, (Hindi-Urdu & Bangla: مہمان خانہ , मेहमान ख़ाना or মেহমান খানা) is a drawing room where guests are entertained in many houses in North India, Bangladesh and Pakistan. Alternative names that are used include Hujra and Baithak. These rooms were a typical feature of many Mughal era havelis palaces and mansions in the region. Many houses in the rural areas of Bangladesh, Pakistan and India still have mehmaan khanas for guests. In Bangladesh, it is more commonly known as baithak ghar or bangla ghar (Bangla: বৈঠক ঘর or বাংলা ঘর).

Hujra

The term hujra is especially prevalent in the predominantly Pashtun areas of Pakistan. Pashtun hujras are used mainly to entertain male guests in a household, although sometimes community hujras are also maintained by tribal units. In individual houses, the size and trappings of a hujra are sometimes indicative of family status.[1]

Etymology

The term mehmān khānā is direct derivation from Persian and means "guest house or room." In Iran and adjoining areas, the term can refer to hotels.[2] The term (also spelled memonkhona in Latin script) is also used to describe a guest room in other parts of Central Asia. The term baithak (بیٹهک , बैठक or বৈঠক) literally means sitting room in Hindi-Urdu and Bangla. Hujra is derived from Arabic and means room or cell.[1] In non-Pashtun Muslim households or North India and Pakistan, the term hujra (حجره , हुजरा or হুজরা) can also refer to a dedicated prayer room .[3] In Bangladesh, hujra usually refers to the sitting room of Imam in a Mosque.

References

  1. ^ a b Peter J. Claus, Sarah Diamond, Margaret Ann Mills, South Asian folklore: an encyclopedia : Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Taylor & Francis, 2003, ISBN 9780415939195, http://books.google.com/books?id=ienxrTPHzzwC, "... In Pashto-speaking areas the term hujra [Arabic: room, cell] refers to a separate room(s) or house maintained for male guests ... The hujra may be maintained by a village collectively or by apowerful member of a village (a khan or malik); the prestige of the person(s) who maintains the hujra is directly proportional to the number of guests ..." 
  2. ^ Trenchard Craven William Fowle, Travels in the Middle East: being impressions by the way in Turkish Arabia, Syria, and Persia, E.P. Dutton & Company, 1916, http://books.google.com/books?id=BlRGAAAAYAAJ, "... she gave me to understand that she knew of a mehman-khana (hotel) ..." 
  3. ^ William Crooke, North Indian notes and queries, Volumes 1-2, Pioneer Press, 1891, http://books.google.com/books?id=wBwoAAAAYAAJ, "... whose Hujra, or prayer-room, has recently been found in the fort ..." 



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • List of architecture topics — This page aims to list all topics related to architecture. This is so that those interested in the subject can monitor changes to the pages by clicking on Related changes in the sidebar. It is also to see the gaps in Wikipedia s coverage of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Column — For other uses, see Column (disambiguation). National Capitol Columns at the United States National Arboretum in Washington, D.C …   Wikipedia

  • House — For other uses, see House (disambiguation). A traditional house in Novosibirsk, Siberia, Russia …   Wikipedia

  • Library — Reading room redirects here. For other uses, see Reading room (disambiguation). For other uses, see Library (disambiguation). Reading room of the library at the University of Graz, in Austria …   Wikipedia

  • Building — For other uses, see Building (disambiguation). Further information: Real estate development A building and skybridge in Munich, Germany …   Wikipedia

  • Furniture — For the UK band, see Furniture (band). A dining table for two Furniture is the mass noun for the movable objects intended to support various human activities such as seating and sleeping in beds, to hold objects at a convenient height for work… …   Wikipedia

  • Hall — For the etymology of the term hall, see Hall (concept). For other uses, see Hall (disambiguation). The Marwar Hall at Umaid Bhawan Palace, Jodhpur, India …   Wikipedia

  • Closet — For other uses, see Closet (disambiguation). A wall closet in a residential house in the United States …   Wikipedia

  • Kitchen — For other uses, see Kitchen (disambiguation). A modern Western kitchen A kitchen is a room or part of a room used for cooking and food preparation. In the West, a modern residential kitchen is typically equipped with a stove, a sink with hot and… …   Wikipedia

  • Arch — For other uses, see Arch (disambiguation). A masonry arch 1. Keystone 2. Voussoir 3. Extrados 4. Impost 5. Intrados 6. Rise 7. Clear span 8. Abutment An arch is a structure that spans a space while… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.