A fireplace is an architectural element consisting of a space designed to contain a
fire, generally for heatingbut sometimes also for cooking. The space where the fire is contained is called a firebox or firepit; a chimneyor other flueallows gasand particulateexhaust to escape the building. While most fireplaces are constructed in building interiors, sometimes outdoor fireplaces are created for evening warmth, outdoor cooking or decorative purposes.
A. Cool air enters.
B. The cool air is heated and is released.
C. Smoke is released.In colder
climates throughout the world, the fireplace or hearthhas traditionally been a central feature of the household, as it gives warmth to aid survival through an extended winter. The sensation of direct heat, and the mesmerizing leaps and flickers of a woodfire, make its use enjoyable in cold conditions even today.
As a result, people gather around a fireplace for
conversationand family bonding. After the workday, it is often the place where a familymeets at night before retiring to sleep. One famous use of this tradition in the United Statesduring the Great Depressionwas President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's " fireside chats", weekly radioaddresses in which he made use of the family gathering time to state his views on issues of national importance. Fireplace mantels are the focus of custom interior decoration. A mantel traditionally offers a unique opportunity for the architect/designer to create a personal statement unique to the room they are creating. Historically the mantel defines the architectural style of the interior decor.
Types of fireplace
In many places,
coal, woodor peatburning fires are being replaced by cleaner and often safer natural gasfueled fireplaces and electric fireplaces. Some governmental agencies have placed a partial ban on solid fuel burning fireplaces based upon air pollutionconcerns. In recent years, Ventless Fireplaces have received more attention. They are a free standing fireplace requiring no chimney and no hearth, but they add fireplace ambiance to any room and they produce a considerable amount of heat.Many new homes are no longer equipped with an open fireplace, its (inefficient) heating function long since taken over by central heatingand its social function by the home entertainmentcenter. Some fireplaces have been closed off not allowing them to be used; either the top of the chimney has a concrete slab installed over it or the bottom has had a board nailed to it. Prefabricated fireplaces have become popular because of their lower construction cost and safer and more reliable operation. Brick or stone fireplaces can be designed to meet exact specifications for opening size, depth, and facing material. They also cost significantly more to construct and require much more maintainence.
A fireplace may consist of some or all of the following elements: foundation,
hearth, firebox, fireplace mantel, ashdump door, chimney crane, cleanout door, grateor iron bars, lintel, lintel bar, overmantel, breast, damper, smoke chamber, throat, flue, chimney chase, crown, cap or shroud, and spark arrestor.
Types of fireplace include:
Masonry(brick or stone fireplaces and chimneys) with or without tile lined flue. unreinforced masonry chimneys do not stand up to earthquakes well.
Reinforced concretechimneys. . Fundamental flaws (the difference in thermal expansion rates between steel rebar and concrete which caused the chimney flues to crack when heated) bankrupted the US manufacturers and obsoleted the technique. This type of chimney often shows vertical cracks on the exterior of the chimney which worsen as the internal rebar rusts.
* Manufactured or 'Prefab' fireplace with sheet metal fire box and double or triple walled metal pipe running up inside a wood framed chase with a chase cover and cap/spark arrestor at the top to keep birds out and sparks in. Otherwise it is competitive to the masonry chimney.
Ancient fire pits were built into the ground in the center of a hut or dwelling. The smoke escaped through holes in the roof. Thousands of years later, with the development of two story buildings, the fireplace was moved to outside of the structure. At this time, fireplaces were still vented horizontally and often smoke would be blown outside or even back into the room. The chimney presented a fix for this problem and vented the smoke outside of the dwelling.
In 1578 Prince Ruppert, the nephew of Charles I, raised the grate of the fireplace which improved the airflow and venting system. The 1700s saw two important developments in the history of fireplaces. Ben Franklin developed a convection chamber for the fireplace that greatly improved the efficiency of fireplaces and wood stoves. He also improved the airflow by pulling air from a basement and venting out a longer area at the top. In the later 1700s, Count Rumford designed a fireplace with a tall, shallow firebox that was much better at drawing the smoke up and out of the building. Rumford's design is the foundation for modern fireplaces.
There are a range of accessories used with fireplaces. For the interior firepit, the most common are
grates, fireguards, logboxes, andirons pellet baskets, and fire dogs, all of which are used to cradle the fuel and accelerate burning.For the exterior adornment and fireplace tending function, there are fireplace tools including poker, bellows, tongs, shovel, brushand toolstand.
Current versions of all mentioned accessories are available, but there are extant accessories manufactured in
Europewhich date at least as early as 1450 AD.
* [http://www.nficertified.org/ National Fireplace Institute]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Fireplace — Fire place , n. The part a chimney appropriated to the fire; a hearth; usually an open recess in a wall, in which a fire may be built. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
fireplace — c.1700, from FIRE (Cf. fire) (n.) + PLACE (Cf. place) … Etymology dictionary
fireplace — [n] hearth for burning wood bed of coals, blaze, chimney, fireside, furnace, grate, hearthside, hob, ingle, inglenook, ingleside, settle, stove; concepts 440,443 … New thesaurus
fireplace — ► NOUN ▪ a partially enclosed space at the base of a chimney for a domestic fire … English terms dictionary
fireplace — [fīr′plās΄] n. 1. a place for a fire, esp. an open place built in a wall, at the base of a chimney 2. a masonry structure or metal frame with a grill for outdoor cooking over an open fire … English World dictionary
fireplace — /fuyeur plays /, n. 1. the part of a chimney that opens into a room and in which fuel is burned; hearth. 2. any open structure, usually of masonry, for keeping a fire, as at a campsite. [1645 55; FIRE + PLACE] * * * Opening made in the base of a… … Universalium
fireplace — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ big, enormous, great, huge, large, massive ▪ small ▪ open ▪ … Collocations dictionary
fireplace */ — UK [ˈfaɪə(r)ˌpleɪs] / US [ˈfaɪrˌpleɪs] noun [countable] Word forms fireplace : singular fireplace plural fireplaces a) a place in a room where a fire burns b) a frame around a fireplace, which is sometimes impressive or part of a room s… … English dictionary
fireplace — fire|place [ faır,pleıs ] noun count * a place in a room where a fire burns a. a frame around a fireplace, which is sometimes impressive or part of a room s decoration … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
fireplace — [[t]fa͟ɪ͟ə(r)pleɪs[/t]] fireplaces N COUNT In a room, the fireplace is the place where a fire can be lit and the area on the wall and floor surrounding this place … English dictionary