- Atrium (architecture)
architecture, an atrium (plural atria) is a large open space, often several stories high and having a glazed roof and/or large windows, often situated within an office building and usually located immediately beyond the main entrance doors. Atria are popular with companies because they give their buildings "a feeling of space and light", but have been criticised by fire inspectors as they could allow fire to spread to a building's upper stories more quickly.
Latinword "atrium" referred to the open central court, from which the enclosed rooms led off, in the type of large ancient Roman house known as a domus.
impluviumwas the shallow pool sunken into the floor to catch the rainwater. Some surviving examples are beautifully decorated. The opening in the ceiling above the pool called for some means of support for the roof. And it is here where one differentiates between five different styles of atrium.
Types of atria
* atrium tuscanium: This type had no columns. The weight of the ceiling was carried by the rafters. Though expensive to build, it seems to have been the most widespread type of atrium in the Roman house.
* atrium tetrastylum: This type had one column at each corner of the impluvium.
* atrium corinthium: This type was similar to the atrium tetrastylum but had a greater opening in the roof and a greater number of columns.
* atrium displuviatum: The roof actually sloped towards the side walls, so a large amount of rainwater ran off into other outlets than the impluvium.
* atrium testudinatum: This atrium had no opening in the roof at all and was only seen in small, unimportant houses.
As the centrepiece of the house the atrium was the most lavishly furnished room. Also it contained the little chapel to the ancestral spirits (lararium), the household safe (arca) and sometimes a bust of the master of the house.
As of 2007,
Dubai's Burj Al Arab, has the tallest atrium. The Burj Al Arab was built to impress and to iconize the urban development in the city of Dubai, and currently it is considered to be the most significant landmark of the city.
Luxor Hotelhas the largest atrium in the world at 29 million cubic feet (820,000 m³).
The 19th century brought the industrial revolution with great advances in iron and glass manufacturing techniques. Courtyards could then have horizontal glazing overhead, eliminating some of the weather elements from the space and giving birth to the modern atrium.
One of the main
public spacesat Federation Square, Melbourne, Australia is called The Atrium and is a street-like space, 5-stories high with glazed walls and roof. The structure and glazing pattern follow the system of fractalsused to arrange the panels on the rest of the facades at Federation Square.
Examples of modern-day atria
* pp. 520
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Atrium — may refer to: *Atrium (architecture), a large open space within a building *Atrium (heart), an anatomical structure of the heart *Atrium (Cardiff), a University of Glamorgan (Wales) building in Cardiff *Atrium (band), A screamo band based in York … Wikipedia
Atrium (Rome Antique) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Atrium. Atrium avec fontaine et bassin. L’atrium (pluriel régulier: atriums) était, dans la … Wikipédia en Français
Atrium (rome antique) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Atrium. Atrium avec fontaine et bassin. L’atrium (pluriel régulier: atriums) était, dans la … Wikipédia en Français
Atrium Casino — est le nom du casino de la commune de Dax, dans le département français des Landes. Il est inscrit au titre des monuments historiques par arrêté du 16 octobre 2000. Présentation En 1925, le maire de Dax, Eugène Milliès Lacroix, propose la… … Wikipédia en Français
atrium — [ atrijɔm ] n. m. • 1547; mot lat. 1 ♦ Antiq. Cour intérieure de la maison romaine, généralement entourée d un portique couvert. L atrium avec son bassin central (⇒ impluvium) . 2 ♦ Anat. Cavité (d un organe). Les atriums du cœur. ● atrium nom… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Atrium — • An open place or court before a church Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Atrium Atrium † … Catholic encyclopedia
Atrium (Rome antique) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Atrium. Atrium romain avec fontaine et bassin. L’atrium (pluriel latin : atria, pluriel francisé : atriums) était, chez les … Wikipédia en Français
architecture — /ahr ki tek cheuhr/, n. 1. the profession of designing buildings, open areas, communities, and other artificial constructions and environments, usually with some regard to aesthetic effect. Architecture often includes design or selection of… … Universalium
Architecture of the night — De Volharding Building, The Hague, 1928 by Jan Buijs, photographed in 1930 … Wikipedia
atrium — atrial, adj. /ay tree euhm/, n., pl. atria /ay tree euh/, atriums. 1. Archit. a. Also called cavaedium. the main or central room of an ancient Roman house, open to the sky at the center and usually having a pool for the collection of rain water.… … Universalium