Mohawk Valley


Mohawk Valley
New York Relief 1.jpg

The Mohawk Valley region of the U.S. state of New York is the area surrounding the Mohawk River, sandwiched between the Adirondack Mountains and Catskill Mountains.

The region is a suburban and rural area surrounding the industrialized cities of Utica and Rome, along with other smaller commercial centers. The 5,882 square miles (15,230 km2) area is an important agricultural center and encompasses the heavily forested wilderness areas just to the north that are part of New York's Adirondack Park.

The Mohawk Valley is a natural passageway connecting the Atlantic Ocean, by way of the Hudson Valley with the interior of North America. Native American Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy lived in the region, and in the 18th century immigrants of German, Dutch and Scottish settled the area, joined by Italians following the rapid industrialization of the mid-19th century. During the 18th Century, the Mohawk Valley was a frontier of great political, military and economic importance. Colonists, such as Phillip Schuyler, Nicholas Herkimer, William Johnson, trading with the Iroquois set the stage for commercial and military competition between European nations, leading to the French and Indian Wars and the American Revolution. Almost 100 battles of the American Revolution were fought in New York State, including the Battle of Oriskany and defense of Fort Stanwix. A series of raids against valley residents took place during the war; led by John Johnson they were collectively known as the "Burning of the Valleys".

The Erie Canal was completed in 1825 as the first commercial connection between the American East and West.

Contents

Strategic importance

During the French and Indian War, the Mohawk Valley was of prime strategic importance; to the British, it provided a corridor to the Great Lakes from which to threaten New France directly, while to the French it provided a corridor to the Hudson Valley and on to the heart of British North America. In addition, many settlements of the Mohawk, Britain's crucial Indian ally at the time of the war, were located in or near the valley.

At the beginning of the war, the major British stronghold in the Mohawk corridor was Fort Oswego, located on Lake Ontario. The French captured and destroyed the fort after a short siege in 1756, and the Mohawk Valley laid open to French advance as a result. Although the French did not directly exploit this avenue of attack, its impact swayed some of the Iroquois tribes to the French side.

Mohawks of Mohawk Valley

The original inhabitants of common day Mohawk Valley are traced back as far as 10,000 plus years and included Algonquian people that later relocated from the newly established Fort Orange Dutch trading post region as early as 1624, otherwise as the name implies, the inhabitants were and remained Mohawks. The name Mohawk Valley had its origins in the time period of 1614 and 1624-25 following the settlement of Dutch traders who established a post among the region of the Mohawk of Mohawk Valley as the Mohawk had become alliances and targets of the Indian Wars. The Mohawks of Mohawk Valley call themselves Kanien'keha'ka, and "People of the Flint" in part due to their creation story of a powerful flinted arrow. Among other things, the traditional use of Mohawk Valley flint as Toolmaking Flint is only one attribution to the Mohawk Valley People of the Flint name.

Counties

Also, Schoharie County is sometimes considered to be part of the Mohawk Valley because the Schoharie Creek, primarily located in Schoharie County, is a major tributary that empties into the Mohawk River at Fort Hunter in Montgomery County. Furthermore, the northern border of Schoharie County with Montgomery County is very close to the Mohawk River.

Major cities and villages

Montgomery County

Fulton County

Herkimer County

Oneida County

Schenectady County

Schoharie County

See also

Sources

Further reading

  • For a fictional account of Mohawk prowess, see Moss, Robert (1997). The Interpreter. New York City, NY: Forge. pp. 53–65, 69, 94–96. ISBN 031285739X. 

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mohawk Valley Comets (ACHL) — Mohawk Valley Comets Gründung 1981 Auflösung 1987 Geschichte Mohawk Valley Stars 1981 – 1985 Mohawk Valley Comets 1985 – 1987 Stadion Utica Memorial Auditorium Standort …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mohawk Valley Community College — Established 1946 Type Community college Endowment US $3.6 million …   Wikipedia

  • Mohawk Valley Comets (ACHL) — Mohawk Valley Comets City Utica, NY League Atlantic Coast Hockey League Founded 1985 Operated 1985 87 Home arena …   Wikipedia

  • Mohawk Valley Comets (NAHL) — Mohawk Valley Comets Gründung 1973 Auflösung 1977 Geschichte Mohawk Valley Comets 1973 – 1977 Stadion Utica Memorial Auditorium Standort Utica …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mohawk Valley Prowlers — Gründung 1998 Auflösung 2001 Geschichte St. Thomas Wildcats 1991 – 1994 London Wildcats 1994 – 1995 Dayton Ice Bandits 1996 – 1997 Mohawk Valley Prowlers 1998 – 2001 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mohawk Valley Comets (NEHL) — Mohawk Valley Comets League North Eastern Hockey League Founded 2003 Home Ice Whitestown Ice Facility …   Wikipedia

  • Mohawk Valley (disambiguation) — Mohawk Valley may refer to: Mohawk Valley, a region of the U.S. state of New York Mohawk Valley (Arizona) Mohawk Valley (California) Mohawk Valley, California, former name of Mohawk, California Mohawk River (Oregon) This disambiguation page lists …   Wikipedia

  • Mohawk Valley Airport — IATA: none – ICAO: none – FAA LID: 31NK Summary Airport type Public Owner Ray Marshall Serves …   Wikipedia

  • Mohawk Valley Landsharks — Founded in 1995 Little Falls, New York League affiliations Northeast League (1995) Name Mohawk Valley Landsharks …   Wikipedia

  • Mohawk Valley Comets — ist der Name mehrerer Eishockeyfranchises aus Nordamerika und bezeichnet: das von 1973 bis 1977 der North American Hockey League zugehörige Franchise Mohawk Valley Comets (NAHL) das von 1985 bis 1987 der Atlantic Coast Hockey League zugehörige… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.