- Hudson Highlands
The Hudson Highlands are the
mountains on both sides of the Hudson Riverin the U.S. stateof New York, between Newburgh Bayand Haverstraw Bay. They form the northern region of the New York - New Jersey Highlands, though they are commonly viewed as starting in the south at Dunderberg Mountainon the west side of the river near Stony Point and ending to the north at Sour Mountainnear Fishkill, New York. They have played important parts in America's military, cultural and environmental history.
glaciers cut through the Appalachian Mountainshere, the Highlands are among the lowest summits in that range (indeed, the Appalachian Trailreaches its lowest elevation in the Trailside Zoo between Bear Mountain State Parkand Bear Mountain Bridge). Conversely, the river becomes narrower and deeper through the Highlands, reaching its deepest point of 216 feet (66 m), near Garrison. Many stretches are challenging to navigate, earning nicknames like "World's End."
The mountains became strategically important during the
American Revolutionary War, when it was important for the Continental Armyto hold the river valley and prevent the British from cutting New Englandoff from the rest of the colonies. The Hudson River Chainwas cast from nearby ironmines and stretched across the river from the fortat West Point to prevent British ships from going upriver. The fort is today the site of the United States Military Academy.
Several decades after independence,
Thomas Colestarted an artistic movement by painting America's wild and rugged landscapes— especially, at first, the Highlands— with the stark contrasts and shadows they offered, in a way that suggested raw nature, a world reborn. After the movement had faded, a critic derisively referred to the movement as the Hudson River School; the name stuck as the label for the new nation's first homegrown artistic movement.
In the early 20th century, in response to damage caused by quarrymen and loggers in the Highlands, local
conservationists began to press for public ownership of the area's woods and mountains. Their efforts paid off in the first of several state parks that now blanket the chain.
Later that century, an ambitious power-generating plan that would have dug into
Storm King Mountainled to a landmark lawsuitby environmental groups that made history when the judge ruled that aesthetic impacts of such large projects could be considered.
Mountains of the Hudson Highlands
"East" (north to south)
Bull Hillaka Mt. Taurus
South Redoubt and North Redoubt
Storm King State Park
Hudson Highlands State Park
Bear Mountain State Park
Harriman State Park
Sterling Forest State Park
Black Rock Forest
* [http://3dparks.wr.usgs.gov/nyc/highlands/highlands.html USGS - The Highlands Province]
* [http://nysparks.state.ny.us/parks/info.asp?parkID=130 NYS - Hudson Highlands State Park]
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Hudson Highlands State Park — is a non contiguous state park in New York in the USA, located on the east shore of the Hudson River. The park runs from Peekskill in Westchester County, through Putnam County, to Beacon in Dutchess county.The park s best known trail rapidly… … Wikipedia
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