Clinton County, New York


Clinton County, New York
Clinton County, New York
Seal of Clinton County, New York
Seal
Map of New York highlighting Clinton County
Location in the state of New York
Map of the U.S. highlighting New York
New York's location in the U.S.
Founded 1788
Seat Plattsburgh
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,118 sq mi (2,896 km²)
1,039 sq mi (2,691 km²)
79 sq mi (205 km²), 7.04%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

82,128
79/sq mi (30.5/km²)
Website www.clintoncountygov.com

Clinton County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 82,128. Its name is in honor of the first Governor of New York as a state, George Clinton. Its county seat is Plattsburgh.

Contents

History

When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present Clinton County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present state of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766, by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770, by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont. On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Charlotte County, contained the eastern portion.

In 1784, the name "Charlotte County" was changed to Washington County to honor George Washington, the American Revolutionary War general and later President of the United States of America.

In 1788, Clinton County was split off from Washington County. This was a much larger area than the present Clinton County, including several other counties or county parts of the present New York State.

In 1799, Essex County was split off from Clinton County.

In 1802, parts of Clinton, Herkimer, and Montgomery counties were taken to form the new St. Lawrence County.

In 1808, Franklin County was split off from Clinton County.

Government and politics

Clinton County is considered a blue county. It is frequently won by Democratic candidates in both national and statewide election. In the 2008 U.S. Presidential election, Barack Obama carried the county by a 22.9% margin over John McCain (Obama won the county's every municipality), with Obama winning by a 26.9% margin over McCain statewide.[1] In 2006 both Eliot Spitzer and Hillary Clinton carried it winning 63 and 64 percent of vote. In 2010 Andrew Cuomo, and Senators Chuck Schumer and Kirsten Gillibrand carried the county with over 60 percent of the vote. However, local races are most often won by Republican candidates. For example, the region had never sent a Democrat to Congress until 2009, and has not sent a Democrat to Albany as a Senator or Assemblyperson since the 1960s.

The Clinton County Legislature is the lawmaking body of the county. It consists of 10 members each elected from individual districts. Legislative District Maps The legislature currently consists of 7 Republicans and 3 Democrats. Clinton County does not have a county executive. (Clinton County does have a County Executive, Michael Zurlo is the County Adminstrator and runs the day to day operations of the County.)

Clinton County Legislature

  • 01 - Harry McManus (D)
  • 02 - Samuel Trombley (R), Majority Leader
  • 03 - E. Tom Sears (R)
  • 04 - Sara Rowden (D)
  • 05 - Keith Defayette (R)
  • 06 - Robert W. Butler (R), Deputy Chairman
  • 07 - James Langley, Jr. (R), Chairman
  • 08 - Jacqueline Walker (R)
  • 09 - John W. Gallagher (D), Minority Leader
  • 10 - Robert Heins (R)

Geography

Clinton County is in the northeastern part of New York State, just west of Vermont and south of the Canadian province of Quebec. The eastern boundary of Clinton County is Lake Champlain, which serves as the New York-Vermont border. The Ausable River forms a large part of the south county line.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,118 square miles (2,895.6 km2), of which 1,039 square miles (2,691.0 km2) is land and 79 square miles (204.6 km2) (7.04%) is water.

The southwest part of the county is in the Adirondack Park.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 1,615
1800 8,514 427.2%
1810 8,002 −6.0%
1820 12,070 50.8%
1830 19,344 60.3%
1840 28,157 45.6%
1850 40,047 42.2%
1860 45,735 14.2%
1870 47,947 4.8%
1880 50,897 6.2%
1890 46,437 −8.8%
1900 47,430 2.1%
1910 48,230 1.7%
1920 43,898 −9.0%
1930 46,687 6.4%
1940 54,006 15.7%
1950 53,622 −0.7%
1960 72,722 35.6%
1970 72,934 0.3%
1980 80,750 10.7%
1990 85,969 6.5%
2000 79,894 −7.1%
2010 82,128 2.8%
Source[2]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 79,894 people, 29,423 households, and 19,272 families residing in the county. The population density was 77 people per square mile (30/km²). There were 33,091 housing units at an average density of 32 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.33% White, 3.58% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.10% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. 2.46% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.7% were of French, 15.0% French Canadian, 12.5% American, 11.8% Irish, 7.6% English and 5.5% German ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.1% spoke English, 2.8% French and 1.7% Spanish as their first language.

There were 29,423 households out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.00% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.50% were non-families. 26.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.00% under the age of 18, 12.40% from 18 to 24, 30.60% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 11.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 104.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,028, and the median income for a family was $45,732. Males had a median income of $33,788 versus $25,520 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,946. About 9.40% of families and 13.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.30% of those under age 18 and 11.40% of those age 65 or over.

Cities, towns, villages, and other locations

The following table shows the 14 Clinton County towns and one city, and the villages, hamlets and census designated places within each of those towns.

Towns Cities Villages Hamlets and CDPs
Altona (2,877)     Altona
Au Sable (3,146)   Keeseville
Beekmantown (5,545)      
Black Brook (1,497)     Au Sable Forks
Champlain (5,754)   Champlain,
Rouses Point
 
Chazy (4,284)      
Clinton (737)     Churubusco
Dannemora (4,898)   Dannemora Lyon Mountain
Ellenburg (1,743)      
Mooers (3,592)     Mooers
Peru (6,998)     Peru
Plattsburgh (11,870)     Flag of Cumberland Head.jpgCumberland Head,**
Morrisonville,
Parc,
Plattsburgh West
Cliff Haven
  Plattsburgh* (19,989)    
Saranac (4,007)     Redford
Schuyler Falls (5,181)     Morrisonville

*The City of Plattsburgh is surrounded by the Town of Plattsburgh, but is not part of it.
** While some residents of Cumberland Head wish to form their own municipality, Cumberland Head remains a part of the Town of Plattsburgh, not its own Town or Village.

Clinton County Information

Adjacent counties and locations

The northern boundary of Clinton County is shared with the Regional County Municipalities of Les Jardins-de-Napierville and Le Haut-Richelieu within the province of Quebec in Canada. The western boundary abuts Franklin County, and the southern boundary is shared with Essex County. Clinton county and the state of Vermont share the eastern boundary along with Lake Champlain.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/ U.S. Election Atlas
  2. ^ New York State Department of Economic Development
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links

Coordinates: 44°44′N 73°41′W / 44.74°N 73.68°W / 44.74; -73.68


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