- Montreal Biodome
Biodôme de Montréal
View from the tower of the Olympic Stadium
Date opened April 1976 (Velodrome)
18 June 1992 (Biodome)
Location Montreal, Quebec, CAN Coordinates Coordinates: Number of animals 4802 (excluding invertebrates), 1500 Plants Number of species 229 (excluding invertebrates), 750 Plants Memberships AZA, CAZA Website http://www2.ville.montreal.qc.ca/biodome/site/site.php?langue=en
The Montreal Biodome (French: Biodôme de Montréal) is a facility located in Montreal that allows visitors to walk through replicas of four ecosystems found in the Americas. The building was originally constructed for the 1976 Olympic Games as a velodrome. It hosted both track cycling and judo events. Renovations on the building began in 1989 and in 1992 the indoor nature exhibit was opened.
The Montreal Biodome is one of four facilities operated by the Montreal Nature Museum, which include the Montreal Insectarium, Montreal Botanical Garden, and Montreal Planetarium. It is an accredited member of both the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) and the Canadian Association of Zoos and Aquariums (CAZA).
The building was designed by French architect Roger Taillibert as part of his larger plan for an Olympic park that included the Montreal Olympic Stadium and the Olympic pool. The venue was a combined velodrome and Judo facility. Construction of the building began in August 1973, and the facility was officially opened in April 1976.
In 1988, a feasibility study was conducted for converting the velodrome into a biodome. Construction started in 1989, and the facility was opened to the public on 18 June 1992 as the Montreal Biodome.
In the summer of 2003, the Biodome installed an audio guide system that lets visitors get information about what they are viewing, and also provides statistics to the facility about what the visitors find most interesting. Visitors can rent a receiver programmed to receive French, Spanish, or English for adults, or French or English for children.
The facility allows visitors to walk through replicas of four ecosystems found in the Americas:
- The Tropical Forest is a replica of the South American rainforest.
- The Laurentian Forest is a replica of the North American wilderness.
- The Saint Lawrence Marine Eco-system is an estuary habitat modelled on the Gulf of Saint Lawrence.
- A polar area that is divided into Arctic and Antarctic.
All the exhibits are housed inside the former velodrome (cycling stadium) that was used for the cycling and judo events of the 1976 Summer Olympics, with each of the four environments taking up a portion of the stadium. A variety of animals live in each simulated habitat, ranging from the macaws in the Tropical Forest, to the lynx in the Laurentian Forest, to the penguins in the Antarctic and the different kinds of fish that inhabit the waters of the Saint Lawrence River. As well, two new species have been discovered living in the Biodome: the acarian Copidognathus biodomus in the simulated estuary (1996), and the bacterium Nitratireductor aquibiodomus in the water reprocessing system (2003).
The Biodome should not be confused with the Biosphère, a Montreal museum about the St. Lawrence river located inside the geodesic dome that once housed the American pavilion for Expo 67. The Biodome, in contrast, is neither spherical nor a geodesic dome, and was once called the Velodrome, as it housed the 1976 olympic cycling events. The Biosphere was not an animal and plant conservation/research centre until 1992.
- Bio-Dome, the film
- Biosphere 2, the attempt to create a self-contained ecological system
- Olympic Stadium (Montreal)
- ^ a b 1976 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. pp. 76-85.
- ^ a b "Trevel Guide: One-day Through the Americas". ville.montreal.qc.ca. Montreal Nature Museums. http://www2.ville.montreal.qc.ca/biodome/site/presse/pdf/dossierPresse_en.pdf. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- ^ "List of Accredited Zoos and Aquariums". aza.org. Association of Zoos and Aquariums. http://www.aza.org/current-accreditation-list/. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- ^ "Members' Directory, Accredited Institution". caza.ca. Canadian Association of Zoos and Aquariums. http://www.caza.ca/en/membership_and_services/membership_directory/accredited_members/index.php. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- ^ "About Us". ville.montreal.qc.ca. Montreal Nature Museums. http://ville.montreal.qc.ca/portal/page?_pageid=5557,27875713&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
- ^ a b c "Biodome, and Oasis in the Heart of the City". sennheiser.com. Sennheiser electronic GmbH & Co. KG. January 2004. pp. 26, 27. http://www.sennheiser.com/sennheiser/globals.nsf/resources/Soundings_01_2004_en.pdf/$File/Soundings_01_2004_en.pdf. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
- ^ 1976 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. pp. 13.
- ^ "Scientific Research". ville.montreal.qc.ca. Montreal Nature Museums. http://www2.ville.montreal.qc.ca/biodome/site/gabarit.php?selected=recherche&dossier=recherche&menu=recherche&page=recherche&langue=en. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- ^ "Nitratireductor aquibiodomus gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel -proteobacterium from the marine denitrification system of the Montreal Biodome (Canada)". sgmjournals.org. International Journal of Systemic and Evolutionary Microbiology. http://ijs.sgmjournals.org/cgi/content/full/54/1/269. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
Zoos and Aquaria of Quebec Aquaria
- Aquarium du Québec
- Montreal Aquarium
Zoos Canadian Association of Zoos and Aquariums members Alberta British Columbia Manitoba New BrunswickCherry Brook Zoo · Magnetic Hill Zoo Ontario Quebec Saskatchewan Landmarks of Montreal MuseumsChâteau Ramezay · Just for Laughs Museum · Biodome · Maison Saint-Gabriel Museum · Biosphère · Canadian Centre for Architecture · McCord Museum · Montreal Museum of Fine Arts · Musée d'art contemporain · Pointe-à-Callière Museum · Redpath Museum · The Fur Trade at Lachine National Historic Site · Montreal Science Centre · Sir George-Étienne Cartier National Historic Site Churches Skyscrapers Other structuresAtwater Market · Bell Centre · Bonsecours Market · Casino de Montréal · Grande Bibliothèque · Habitat 67 · Jean-Talon Market · Montreal City Hall · Montreal Clock Tower · Montreal Forum · Mount Royal Cross · Olympic Stadium · Palais des congrès de Montréal · Place Bonaventure · Place des Arts · Windsor Station · Montreal World Trade Centre · Underground City Nature and parks Squares Islands Transportation Events Venues of the 1976 Summer Olympics Montreal Olympic Park Greater Montreal Football venues Handball venues Other venues1964: Nippon Budoka Hall • 1972: Basketballhalle, Boxhalle (final), Messegelände, Judo- und Ringerhalle • 1976: Olympic Velodrome • 1980: Sports Palace • 1984: Eagle's Nest Arena • 1988: Jangchung Gymnasium • 1992: Palau Blaugrana • 1996: Georgia World Congress Center • 2000: Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre • 2004: Ano Liosia Olympic Hall • 2008: Beijing Science and Technology University Gymnasium • 2012: ExCeL • 2016: Olympic Training Center – Arena 2
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