- Olympic Stadium (Montreal)
Olympic Stadium The Big O Location 4545 Pierre de Coubertin Avenue, Montreal, Quebec H1V 3N7 Coordinates Coordinates: Broke ground April 28, 1973 Opened July 17, 1976 (Olympics)
April 15, 1977 (Baseball)
Owner Régie des Installations Olympiques (Government of Quebec) Surface Grass (1976; June 2, 2010)
AstroTurf (1977–2001; 2005–2006)
Defargo Astrograss (2002–2003)
Team Pro EF RD (soccer; 2007–present)
Construction cost C$ 770 million
C$ 1.47 billion (2006 – including additional costs, interest and repairs)
Architect Roger Taillibert Capacity Baseball: 43,739
Field dimensions Foul Lines – 325 ft (1977), 330 (1981), 325 (1983)
Power Alleys – 375 ft
Center Field – 404 ft (1977), 405 (1979), 404 (1980), 400 (1981), 404 (1983)
Backstop – 62 ft (1977), 65 (1983), 53 (1989)
Tenants Montreal Expos (MLB) (1977–2004)
Montreal Alouettes (CFL) (1976–1986, 1996–1997) (2002–present, playoff games only)
Montreal Manic (NASL) (1981–1983)
Montreal Machine (WLAF) (1991–1992)
Montreal Impact (MLS) (2012, first few games and occasionally after)
The Olympic Stadium (French: Stade olympique) is a multi-purpose stadium in the Hochelaga-Maisonneuve district of Montreal, Quebec, Canada built as the main venue for the 1976 Summer Olympics. The stadium is nicknamed "The Big O", a reference to both its name and to the doughnut-shape of the permanent component of the stadium's roof; "The Big Owe" has been used to reference the astronomical cost of the stadium and the 1976 Olympics as a whole.
The stadium is the largest by seating capacity in Canada. After the Olympics, it became the home of Montreal's professional baseball and Canadian football teams. Since 2004, when the Montreal Expos relocated to Washington, D.C., the stadium has no main tenant, and with a history of financial and structural problems, is largely seen as a white elephant. It currently serves as a 56,040-seat multipurpose facility for special events (e.g. concerts, trade shows), and continues to serve as a 66,308-seat venue for playoff and Grey Cup games hosted by the Montreal Alouettes. The Montreal Impact also use the stadium on occasion when a larger capacity venue is needed or when the weather restricts outdoor play in the spring months.
- 1 History
- 2 Post-Olympic use
- 3 Transit
- 4 Facts and figures
- 5 See also
- 6 Notes
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Background and architecture
The stadium was designed by French architect Roger Taillibert to be a very elaborate facility featuring a retractable roof, which was to be opened and closed by a huge 175-metre (574 ft) tower – the tallest inclined structure in the world, and the sixth tallest building in Montreal.
The Olympic swimming pool is located under this tower. An Olympic velodrome (since converted to the Montreal Biodome, an indoor nature museum) was situated at the base of the tower in a building similar in design to the swimming pool. The building was built as the main stadium for the 1976 Summer Olympic Games. The stadium was host to various events including the opening and closing ceremonies, athletics, football finals, and the team jumping equestrian events.
The building's design is cited as a masterpiece of Organic Modern architecture. Taillibert based the building on plant and animal forms, aiming to include vertebral structures with sinewy or tentacles, while still following the basic plans of Modern architecture.
As construction was well underway, a labour strike caused a major delay to the building of the stadium and, in particular, the tower. The roof languished in a warehouse in France until 1982. It was not until 1987, 11 years later, that both the tower and roof were completed.
Problems plagued the stadium from the time it opened for the Olympic Games, when it was only half built.
Seating 58,500 at the time, the stadium was not fully completed in time for the Games due to problems with the unusual design and strikes by construction workers. During the Games and for several years afterward, the stadium did not have a tower or roof. Both the tower and the roof, made of over 5,500 m2 (59,000 sq ft) of Kevlar, stood unfinished until 1987, and it was not until 1988 that it was possible to retract the roof. The 66-tonne roof then proved difficult to retract, and could not be used at all in winds greater than 40 km/h (25 mph). During baseball season, whenever rain was accompanied by high winds, this resulted in the unusual phenomenon of a rain delay in a covered stadium. It was also torn during particularly windy conditions.
When construction on the stadium's tower resumed after the 1976 Olympics, a multi-story observatory was added to the plan, accessible via a funicular that travels 266 metres along the curved tower's spine. The funicular cabin ascends from base of the tower to upper deck in less than 2 minutes at a rate of 2.8 metres/s, with space for 76 persons per trip and a capacity of 500 persons per hour. The cabin is designed to remain level throughout its trip, while providing a panaromic view to its passengers.
The observatory's main window faces south-west, offering a view of downtown Montreal and overlooking the Olympic Park and the Olympic Stadium's suspended roof.
Despite initial projections in 1970 that the stadium would cost only C$134 million to construct, strikes and construction delays served to escalate these costs. By the time the stadium opened (in an unfinished form), the total costs had risen to C$264 million.
The Quebec government introduced a special tobacco tax in May 1976 to help recoup its investment. By 2006, the amount contributed to the Olympic Installations Board accounted for 8% of the tax revenue earned from cigarette sales. The 1976 special tobacco tax act stipulated that once the stadium was paid off, ownership of the facility would be returned to the City of Montreal.
In mid-November 2006 the stadium's costs were finally paid in full. The total expenditure (including repairs, renovations, construction, interest, and inflation) amounted to C$1.61 billion, making it the second most expensive stadium ever built (after Wembley Stadium in London). Despite initial plans to complete payment in October 2006, an indoor smoking ban introduced in May 2006 curtailed the revenue gathered by the tobacco tax. Perceived by many to be a white elephant, the stadium has also been dubbed The Big Owe, Uh-O or The Big Mistake.
The stadium has generated on average $20 million in revenue each year since 1977. It is estimated that a large-scale event such as the Grey Cup can generate as much as $50 million in revenue.
Although not completed in time for the 1976 Olympics, construction on finishing the tower recommenced in the 1980s. During this period, however, a large fire set the tower ablaze, causing damage and forcing a scheduled Expos home game to be postponed. In 1986, a large chunk of the tower fell onto the playing field during another Expos game.
In 1987, an orange-coloured Kevlar retractable roof was installed, finally completing the stadium a decade late; however, soon after it was put into use it ripped on several occasions due to a design flaw. In the months that followed, it was plagued by further rips and leaks during rain storms, bringing water down into the stadium.
To improve the stadium's suitability as a baseball venue, it was remodelled in 1991, with 12,000 seats being removed, including blocking off a large number of seats far removed from the playing field, and moving home plate closer to the stands.
On September 8 of that year, support beams snapped and caused a 55-long-ton (62 ST; 56 t) concrete slab to fall on to an exterior walkway. No one was injured, but the Expos had to move their final 13 home games of that season to the opponents' cities. For the 1992 season, it was decided to keep the roof closed at all times. The Kevlar roof was removed in May 1998, making the stadium open-air for the 1998 season. Later in 1998, a $26 million opaque blue roof was installed which does not open.
In January 1999, a 350 m2 (3,767 sq ft) portion of the roof collapsed, dumping ice and snow on workers that were setting up for the annual Montreal Auto Show. This led to the auto show leaving Olympic Stadium for good. Repaired once again, the roof has been modified to better react to the winter conditions. The OIB has installed a network of pipes to circulate heated water under the roof to allow for snow melting. Despite these corrective measures, the stadium floor had remained closed from December to March. Birdair, the fabric provider and designer of the roof, was later sued for the roof failure. The installer of the roof, Danny's Construction, having suffered tremendous cost overruns along with its subcontractor Montacier, due to changes in the plans and specifications and delays, was teminated during the construction, and Birdair completed the project. Danny's Construction sued Birdair in 1999. In February 2010, after a lengthy trial, the Quebec Superior Court awarded a judgement in favour of Danny's Construction and dismissed Birdair's countersuit.
The stadium's condition suffered considerably in the early 21st century. During the Expos' final years in Montreal, it was coated with grime. Much of the concrete was chipped, stained, and soiled. In 2009, the stadium received approval to remain open in the winter, provided weather conditions are favourable. However, the Olympic Installations Board issued a report stating that the roof was unsafe during heavy rainfall or more than 8 centimetres (3 1/2 inches) of snow, and that it rips 50 to 60 times a year. The city fire department warned in August 2009 that without corrective measures, including a new roof, it may order the stadium closed. A contract for a new permanent steel roof was awarded in 2004, with an estimated $300 million price tag. In June 2010, the Olympic Installations Board sought approval from the provincial government for the contract. In May 2011 a committee was formed to study the future of the stadium and improve the usage of the stadium, pool, and sports centre.
Though some Montrealers have called for the stadium to be demolished, it would be an extremely long and expensive project. Due to its unique structural design and the metro line directly underneath, it is not possible to implode the stadium. Instead, it would have to be dismantled piece by piece, which would take years and cost an estimated $700 million.
The Canadian Football League's Montreal Alouettes became the stadium's first major post-Olympic tenant when it moved its home games there half-way through the 1976 season, remaining there through 1986, the franchise's final season of operations. A revived Alouettes franchise returned for the 1996 and 1997 seasons, but then moved to the Percival Molson Stadium in 1998, only using the larger Olympic Stadium for select regular-season and home playoff games. As of 2008, the franchise uses Olympic Stadium for playoff games only. Due to the increased popularity of the Alouettes and the small capacity of Percival Molson Stadium, the team considered returning to Olympic Stadium on a full-time basis, but instead renovated Percival Molson Stadium to increase its capacity.
Olympic Stadium has hosted the Grey Cup a total of six times, most recently in 2008 when the Calgary Stampeders defeated the hometown Alouettes. The stadium holds the record for nine of the ten largest crowds in CFL history, which include five regular-season and four Grey Cup games. A single-game record crowd numbering 69,083 attended a game played on September 6, 1977 between the Alouettes and Toronto Argonauts.
In 1991 and 1992, the stadium played host to the Montreal Machine of the World League of American Football. This included hosting World Bowl II on June 6, 1992, in which the Sacramento Surge defeated the Orlando Thunder 21–17 before 43,789 fans.
In 1988 and 1990, NFL pre-season games were played at Olympic Stadium.
In 1977, the stadium replaced Jarry Park Stadium as the home ballpark of the National League's Montreal Expos, who regularly played 81 home games every season until 2003, when the Expos played 22 home games at Hiram Bithorn Stadium in San Juan, Puerto Rico. The Expos played 59 home games at Olympic Stadium in 2003 and 2004, and then the franchise was moved to Washington, D.C. after the 2004 season. The stadium's first-ever baseball game was played on April 14, 1977. In front of 57,592 fans, the Expos lost 7–2 to the Philadelphia Phillies. The Expos played five home playoff games in 1981; two in the National League Division Series against the Phillies, and three in the National League Championship Series against the Los Angeles Dodgers. On October 19, the Expos lost the decisive fifth game, 2–1, to the Dodgers on Rick Monday's ninth-inning home run. In 1982, the Major League Baseball All-Star Game was played at Olympic Stadium in front of 59,057 fans—a stadium record for baseball. On September 29, 2004, the Expos played their last game in Montreal, losing 9–1 to the Florida Marlins before 31,395 fans.
Although the Expos were Olympic Stadium's primary tenants, it proved to be somewhat problematic as a baseball venue. It employed construction techniques similar to those used in other multipurpose stadiums of the time. As was the case elsewhere where this approach was tried, sight lines for baseball left much to be desired. The sight-line problems were magnified by the fact that Canadian football fields are 30 yards longer than American football fields. To accommodate the wider Canadian football field, the lower boxes were set further back than comparable seats in other stadiums built during this time. The upper deck was one of the highest in the majors. Still, the Expos were very successful in the stadium for a time, with above National League median attendance in 1977 and from 1979 to 1983. The Expos outdrew the New York Mets from 1977 to 1983, and 1994 to 1996, as well as the New York Yankees from 1982 to 1983.
Before the 1992 season, a major overhaul was done on the stadium's baseball configuration. Home plate was moved closer to the stands and new seats closer to the field were installed. As part of the renovation, several distant sections of permanent seating beyond the fence were closed, replaced with bleacher seats directly behind the outfield fence. The total seating capacity for baseball was reduced to 46,000.
The Olympic Stadium was the home of the NASL's Montreal Manic soccer team from 1981–1983. A 1981 playoff game against the Chicago Sting attracted a crowd of over 58,000. Several games of the 2007 FIFA Under 20 World Cup were played at Olympic Stadium and drew the largest crowds of the tournament, including two sell-outs of 55,800.
Olympic Stadium hosted a CONCACAF Champions League quarter-final game pitting the Montreal Impact – who play primarily in the adjacent Stade Saputo – against Club Santos Laguna of the Mexican First Division on February 25, 2009. This was the first time an international soccer game took place in Montreal during the winter months. The Impact won 2–0 in front of a record crowd of 55,571. The stadium was also home to a friendly match between Montreal Impact and A.C. Milan of the Italian Serie A on June 2, 2010 before 47,861 fans. The stadium will be used for playoff and other large capacity crowd games for the Impact when they join MLS in 2012.
Olympic Stadium hosted the Drum Corps International World Championship finals in 1981 and 1982.
Many musical events have taken place at this location, including the famed riots after a 1992 Guns N' Roses/Metallica Stadium Tour concert. Metallica frontman James Hetfield suffered second and third degree burns to his left arm after stepping too close to a pyrotechnics blast during the opening of "Fade to Black". Metallica was forced to cancel the second hour of the show, but promised to return to the city for another show. Guns N' Roses frontman Axl Rose left the stage early in his band's set claiming that his throat hurt. The fans in attendance rioted after the unexpectedly-short concert.
British rock band Pink Floyd played an infamous concert at the stadium on July 6, 1977, during which bassist Roger Waters registered his disapproval of the audience's rowdy behaviour by spitting in the face of a fan in the front row. This incident provided the main inspiration for Pink Floyd's next album The Wall, which was written largely by Waters. The concert was also noted for its ticket price of $10, the highest ever seen in the city.
The stadium played host to Amnesty International's Human Rights Now! Benefit Concert on September 17, 1988. The show was headlined by Sting and Peter Gabriel and also featured Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band, Tracy Chapman, Youssou N'Dour, k.d. lang, Michel Rivard and Daniel Lavoie.
On October 30, 2010, the stadium played host to a special mass to commemorate the ascension to sainthood of brother Andre. Over 30,000 people attended. The Stadium also hosts the Monster Spectacular monster truck show twice a year, in April and October.
Pink Floyd attracted the largest ever paid crowd to the Olympic Stadium. The July 6, 1977 event gathered 78,322 fans.
Facts and figures
- At 175 m (574 ft), the Olympic Stadium is both the world's tallest slanted structure and stadium.
- Well over its original budget, the stadium ended up costing $770 million to construct. By 2006, the final cost had risen to $1.47 billion when calculating in repairs, modifications and interest paid out. It took taxpayers 30 years to finally pay off the cost, leading to its nickname of "The Big Owe" (a play on "The Big O").
- The roof is only 52 m (170.6 ft) above the field of play. As a result, a number of pop-ups and long home runs hit the roof over the years, necessitating the painting of orange lines on the roof to separate foul balls from fair balls.
- The Olympic Stadium's foul poles were painted red, while every other baseball stadium uses yellow poles (except Shea Stadium (1964–2008) and Citi Field (2009 – present) home of the New York Mets which have orange foul poles.)
- The Olympic Stadium holds the record for a soccer game attendance in Canada. At the 1976 Summer Olympics soccer final, 72,000 people witnessed East Germany's 3–1 win over Poland.
- A yellow seat on the 300 level commemorates a 534-foot (163 m) home run by Willie Stargell of the Pittsburgh Pirates.
- The Montreal games of the 2007 FIFA U-20 World Cup were held at Olympic Stadium on a removable Team Pro EF RD surface that was purchased specifically for the tournament.
- For the first time since the olympic games, a natural grass field was installed in the stadium for the Impact FC match versus AC Milan on June 2, 2010.
- The stadium features a 101,600-watt public address system
- The main room of the stadium is the largest in Quebec, at 43,504 m2(204,400 sq. ft.)
- The stadium, specifically the Montreal Tower, is one of the key settings of the game Deus Ex: Human Revolution. That video game was developed by Eidos Montreal, a video game studio based in the city.
- List of Canadian Football League stadiums
- List of Major League Baseball stadiums (Former stadiums / ballparks)
- Olympic Stadium
- ^ "Parc olympique et Stade olympique" (in (French)). Government of Quebec. http://www.rio.gouv.qc.ca/faq/accueil.jsp#c1004. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
- ^ a b c CBC News (December 19, 2006). "Quebec's Big Owe stadium debt is over". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. http://www.cbc.ca/canada/montreal/story/2006/12/19/qc-olympicstadium.html. Retrieved June 25, 2008.
- ^ 1976 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. pp. 42–65.
- ^ a b Rémillard, 196.
- ^ Peritz, Ingrid (January 17, 2009). "Montreal's billion-dollar 'Big Owe': What went wrong in '76?". Globe and Mail (Toronto). http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/story/LAC.20090117.BCMONTREAL17/TPStory/TPNational/. Retrieved January 19, 2009.
- ^ "Building big: Databank: Olympic Stadium". WGBH. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/buildingbig/wonder/structure/olympic_stadium.html. Retrieved July 16, 2009.
- ^ Egan, Andrew. "In Depth: World's Most Expensive Stadiums". Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/2008/08/06/expensive-stadiums-worldwide-forbeslife-cx_ae_0806sports_slide_10.html?partner=sinatw.
- ^ a b Rio.intercollab.com
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- ^ Riga, Andrew (January 9, 2009). "It's a go for the Big O (if there's no snow)". Montreal Gazette. Canwest. http://www.montrealgazette.com/there+snow/1156453/story.html. Retrieved January 9, 2009. [dead link]
- ^ CBC News (June 29, 2010). "Olympic Stadium to get $300M roof". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. http://www.cbc.ca/canada/montreal/story/2010/06/29/olympic-stadium-roof.html. Retrieved June 29, 2010.
- ^ Montreal Gazette (May 8, 2011). "Committee formed to study future of Montreal's Olympic Stadium". Postmedia Network Inc.. http://www.montrealgazette.com/news/Committee+formed+study+future+Montreal+Olympic+Stadium/4747548/story.html.
- ^ Montreal Gazette (May 10, 2011). "Elephant in the room; Regie's committee on Big O a good start but leaves questions unanswered". Postmedia Network Inc.. http://www.montrealgazette.com/opinion/editorials/Elephant+room/4754746/story.html.
- ^ CBC News (March 9, 2009). "Molson Stadium to begin $29.4M expansion". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. http://www.cbc.ca/canada/montreal/story/2009/03/09/mtl-stadium-expansion.html. Retrieved March 9, 2009.
- ^ a b Gouvernement du Québec (2004). "About the Olympic Park – Facts and figures". La Régie des installations olympiques. http://www.rio.gouv.qc.ca/pub/parc/statistiques.jsp?locale=en. Retrieved November 22, 2008.
- ^ Sports Reference (2008). "Washington Nationals Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". baseball-reference.com. http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/WSN/attend.shtml. Retrieved September 1, 2008.
- ^ Sports Reference (2008). "New York Mets Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". baseball-reference.com. http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/NYM/attend.shtml. Retrieved September 1, 2008.
- ^ Sports Reference (2008). "New York Yankees Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". baseball-reference.com. http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/NYY/attend.shtml. Retrieved September 1, 2008.
- ^ "News". Montrealimpact.com. http://www.montrealimpact.com/News/News.aspx?language=EN&ArticleID=1044&Focus=0. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
- ^ Farrell, Sean (February 25, 2009). Yahoo! Sports. http://sports.yahoo.com/sow/news;_ylt=Am1qmutmJ1KMvef.wg56wzgmw7YF?slug=ap-santos-impact&prov=ap&type=lgns. Retrieved February 25, 2009.
- ^ Guess who’s coming to town?, The Offside, April 14, 2010, http://montreal.theoffside.com/team-news/guess-whos-coming-to-town.html, retrieved April 14, 2010
- ^ "The Pope in Canada: A Journey Into the Heart". Americancatholic.org. http://www.americancatholic.org/Features/JohnPaulII/4-Canada-1984.asp. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
- ^ [dead link]
- ^ Anne Sutherland, Montreal Gazette: Monday, November 1, 2010 (November 1, 2010). "30,000 faithful flock to Olympic Stadium for Brother Andre celebration". Globaltvedmonton.com. http://www.globaltvedmonton.com/faithful+flock+Olympic+Stadium+Brother+Andre+celebration/3758076/story.html. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
- ^ "ESPN.com: MLB – Merron: The Disastrous 'Big Owe'". Static.espn.go.com. http://static.espn.go.com/mlb/s/2003/0422/1542254.html. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
- ^ Montreal Gazette (May 1, 2007). "New rug for Olympic Stadium". Canwest Publishing. http://www.canada.com/topics/sports/football/cfl/story.html?id=7dc11074-e43b-4242-aee7-4533cbc17fc5&k=96984. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
- ^ [dead link]
- ^ "RIO – Parc olympique de Montréal :: Salles au Stade olympique :: Location de salles au Stade olympique". Rio.gouv.qc.ca. http://www.rio.gouv.qc.ca/pub/salles/salle_stade.jsp. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
- ^ "RIO – Montreal Olympic Park :: Frequently Asked Questions". Rio.gouv.qc.ca. http://www.rio.gouv.qc.ca/faq/accueil.jsp?locale=en. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
- Rémillard, Francois. Montreal architecture: A Guide to Styles and Buildings. Montreal: Meridian Press, 1990.
- Olympic Stadium on Alouettes Website
- Ballpark Digest: Olympic Stadium
- Ballparks.com: Olympic Stadium
- National Geographic Channel
- Football Ballparks.com
- Baseball-Reference – annual Expos attendance and park factors
- BaseballLibrary – history and notable events
- Régie des installations olympiques (Government of Quebec)
- Google maps
- Olympic Stadium datasheet on Images Montreal
- Expos Historical Society: Olympic Stadium
- Olympic Stadium disaster timeline
- A personal recollection of the spitting accident (Montreal, July 6, 1977, Pink Floyd concert), by Marcel Daoust
- CBC Archives – Clip from 1975 – Stadium architect talks about his design
- CBC Archives – A look back on the history of the stadium (1999)
- CBC Archives – Discussion of building a tower for Montreal
Events and tenants Preceded by
Memorial Stadium (Baltimore)
Percival Molson Stadium
Home of the
2001 – current (with Percival Molson Stadium)
Percival Molson Stadium
current home (part time)
Jarry Park Stadium
Home of the
Host of the
Major League Baseball All-Star Game
Host of the
Drum Corps International
Miami Orange Bowl
Montreal Alouettes Founded in 1946 • Based in Montreal, Quebec The Franchise Stadiums The Rivalries Lore Important Figures Retired Numbers Key Personnel Grey Cup
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AffiliationsLeague: Canadian Football League • Division: East
Montreal Impact Montreal, Quebec The Club StadiumsSaputo Stadium • Olympic Stadium Development System CultureMontreal Impact (USL/NASL) • UM02 Rivalries Key Personnel
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Major League Soccer Seasons (0)2012 Website: montrealmls2012.com/ Montreal Expos Now the Washington Nationals • Based in Montreal, Quebec (1969-2004) The franchise Ballparks Culture Rivalries Retired numbers TitlesNational League East: 1981 (second half) Legacy Seasons (36) 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s Landmarks of Montreal MuseumsChâteau Ramezay · Just for Laughs Museum · Biodome · Maison Saint-Gabriel Museum · Biosphère · Canadian Centre for Architecture · McCord Museum · Montreal Museum of Fine Arts · Musée d'art contemporain · Pointe-à-Callière Museum · Redpath Museum · The Fur Trade at Lachine National Historic Site · Montreal Science Centre · Sir George-Étienne Cartier National Historic Site Churches Skyscrapers Other structuresAtwater Market · Bell Centre · Bonsecours Market · Casino de Montréal · Grande Bibliothèque · Habitat 67 · Jean-Talon Market · Montreal City Hall · Montreal Clock Tower · Montreal Forum · Mount Royal Cross · Olympic Stadium · Palais des congrès de Montréal · Place Bonaventure · Place des Arts · Windsor Station · Montreal World Trade Centre · Underground City Nature and parks Squares Islands Transportation Events Category:Montreal · Portal:Montreal · WikiProject:Montreal West Division East Division Major League Soccer stadiums Current
BC Place • BMO Field • Buck Shaw Stadium • CenturyLink Field • Columbus Crew Stadium • Dick's Sporting Goods Park • Gillette Stadium • The Home Depot Center • Jeld-Wen Field • Livestrong Sporting Park • Pizza Hut Park • PPL Park • Red Bull Arena • Rio Tinto Stadium • RFK Memorial Stadium • Robertson Stadium • Toyota Park
Arrowhead Stadium • Cardinal Stadium • CommunityAmerica Ballpark • Cotton Bowl • Dragon Stadium • Empire Field • Foxboro Stadium • Giants Stadium • Houlihan's Stadium • Invesco Field at Mile High • Lockhart Stadium • Mile High Stadium • Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum • Ohio Stadium • Raymond James Stadium • Rice–Eccles Stadium • Rose Bowl • Soldier Field • Spartan Stadium
Future Summer Olympic stadiaAthens 1896 • Paris 1900 • St Louis 1904 • London 1908 • Stockholm 1912 • Antwerp 1920 • Paris 1924 • Amsterdam 1928 • Los Angeles 1932 • Berlin 1936 • London 1948 • Helsinki 1952 • Melbourne 1956 • Rome 1960 • Tokyo 1964 • México City 1968 • Munich 1972 • Montréal 1976 • Moscow 1980 • Los Angeles 1984 • Seoul 1988 • Barcelona 1992 • Atlanta 1996 • Sydney 2000 • Athens 2004 • Beijing 2008 • London 2012 • Rio de Janeiro 2016 Venues of the 1976 Summer Olympics Montreal Olympic Park Greater Montreal Football venues Handball venues Other venues1896: Marathon (city), Panathinaiko Stadium • 1900: Croix-Catelan Stadium • 1904: Francis Field • 1908: White City Stadium • 1912: Stockholm Olympic Stadium • 1920: Olympisch Stadion • 1924: Stade de Colombes • 1928: Olympic Stadium • 1932: Olympic Stadium, Riverside Drive at Griffith Park • 1936: Avus Motor Road, Olympic Stadium • 1948: Empire Stadium • 1952: Olympic Stadium • 1956: Melbourne Cricket Ground • 1960: Arch of Constantine, Raccordo Anulare, Stadio Olimpico, Via Appia Antica, Via Cristoforo Colombo • 1964: Fuchu City, Karasuyama-machi, National Stadium, Sasazuka-machi, Shinjuku • 1968: Estadio Olímpico Universitario, Zócalo • 1972: Olympiastadion • 1976: Montreal Botanical Garden, Olympic Stadium, Streets of Montreal • 1980: Grand Arena, Streets of Moscow • 1984: Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, Santa Monica College, Streets of Los Angeles, Streets of Santa Monica • 1988: Olympic Stadium, Streets of Seoul • 1992: Estadi Olímpic de Monjuïc, Marathon course, Mataró, Walking course • 1996: Marathon course, Olympic Stadium, Walking course • 2000: Marathon course, North Sydney, Olympic Stadium • 2004: Marathon (city), Olympic Stadium, Panathinaiko Stadium, Stadium at Olympia • 2008: Beijing National Stadium • 2012: Marathon Course, Olympic Stadium • 2016: Flamengo Park, João Havelange Stadium, Sambódromo1900: 7th arrondissement of Paris • 1912: Fältrittklubben, Liljeholmen, Lindarängen, Östermalm Athletic Grounds, Stockholm Olympic Stadium • 1920: Olympisch Stadion • 1924: Hippodrome d'Auteuil, Stade de Colombes • 1928: Hilversum, Olympic Stadium • 1932: Olympic Stadium, Riviera Country Club, Westchester • 1936: Döberitz, Mayfield, Olympic Stadium • 1948: Aldershot, Empire Stadium, Tweseldown Racecourse • 1952: Laakso, Olympic Stadium, Ruskeasuo Equestrian Hall, Tali Race Track • 1956: Lill-Jansskogen, Olympic Stadium, Ulriksdal • 1960: Piazza di Siena, Pratoni del Vivaro • 1964: Karuizawa, National Stadium • 1968: Avándaro Golf Club, Campo Marte, Estadio Olímpico Universitario • 1972: Dressage Facility Nymphenburg, Olympiastadion, Riding Facility, Riem • 1976: Olympic Equestrian Centre, Bromont, Olympic Stadium • 1980: Grand Arena, Trade Unions' Equestrian Complex • 1984: Fairbanks Ranch Country Club, Santa Anita Park • 1988: Olympic Stadium, Seoul Equestrian Park • 1992: Club Hípic El Montayá, Real Club de Polo de Barcelona • 1996: Georgia International Horse Park • 2000: Sydney International Equestrian Centre • 2004: Markopoulo Olympic Equestrian Centre • 2008: Hong Kong Equestrian Venues • 2012: Greenwich Park • 2016: National Equestrian Center List of Olympic venues in football1900: Vélodrome de Vincennes · 1904: Francis Field · 1908: White City Stadium · 1912: Råsunda Stadium, Stockholm Olympic Stadium (final), Traneberg · 1920: Jules Ottenstadion, Olympisch Stadion (final), Stade Joseph Marien, Stadion Broodstraat · 1924: Stade Bergeyre, Stade de Colombes (final), Stade de Paris, Stade Pershing · 1928: Monnikenhuize, Olympic Stadium (final), Sparta Stadion Het Kasteel · 1936: Hertha-BSC Field, Mommsenstadion, Olympic Stadium (final), Poststadion · 1948: Arsenal Stadium, Champion Hill, Craven Cottage, Cricklefield Stadium, Empire Stadium (medal matches), Green Pond Road, Griffin Park, Selhurst Park, White Hart Lane · 1952: Helsinki Football Grounds, Kotka, Lahti, Olympic Stadium (final), Tampere, Turku · 1956: Melbourne Cricket Ground (final), Olympic Park Stadium · 1960: Florence Communal Stadium, Grosseto Communal Stadium, L'Aquila Communal Stadium, Livorno Ardenza Stadium, Naples Saint Paul's Stadium, Pescara Adriatic Stadium, Stadio Flaminio (final) · 1964: Komazawa Olympic Park Stadium, Mitsuzawa Football Field, Osaka Nagai Stadium, Tokyo National Stadium (final), Nishikyogoku Athletic Stadium, Ōmiya Football Field, Prince Chichiba Memorial Football Field · 1968: Estadio Azteca (final), Estadio Cuauhtémoc, Estadio Nou Camp, Jalisco Stadium · 1972: Drei Flüsse Stadion, ESV-Stadion, Jahnstadion, Olympiastadion (final), Rosenaustadion, Urban Stadium · 1976: Lansdowne Park, Olympic Stadium (final), Sherbrooke Stadium, Varsity Stadium · 1980: Dynama Stadium, Dynamo Central Stadium, Grand Arena, Grand Arena (final), Kirov Stadium, Republican Stadium · 1984: Harvard Stadium, Navy – Marine Corps Memorial Stadium, Rose Bowl (final), Stanford Stadium · 1988: Buson Stadium, Daegu Stadium, Daejeon Stadium, Dongdaemun Stadium, Olympic Stadium (final) · 1992: Estadi de la Nova Creu Alta, Estadi del FC Barcelona (final), Estadio Luís Casanova, La Romareda, RCD Espanyol Stadium · 1996: Florida Citrus Bowl, Legion Field, Orange Bowl, RFK Memorial Stadium, Sanford Stadium (final) · 2000: Brisbane Cricket Ground, Bruce Stadium, Hindmarsh Stadium, Melbourne Cricket Ground, Olympic Stadium (men's final), Sydney Football Stadium (women's final) · 2004: Kaftanzoglio Stadium, Karaiskakis Stadium, Olympic Stadium (final), Pampeloponnisiako Stadium, Pankritio Stadium, Panthessaliko Stadium · 2008: Beijing National Stadium (final), Qinhuangdao Olympic Sports Center Stadium, Shanghai Stadium, Shenyang Olympic Sports Center Stadium, Tianjin Olympic Center Stadium, Workers Stadium · 2012: City of Coventry Stadium, Hampden Park, Millennium Stadium, St James' Park, Wembley Stadium (final) · 2016: Brasília National Stadium, Fonte Nova, Maracanã (final), Mineirão, Morumbi
Warhawk Stadium (1972–73) • Schoellkopf Field (1974) • Franklin Field (1975–76) • Mile High Stadium (1977–78) • Legion Field (1979–80) • Olympic Stadium (Montreal) (1981-82) • Miami Orange Bowl (1983) • Grant Field (1984) • Camp Randall Stadium (1985–87, 1992, 1999, 2002, 2006) • Arrowhead Stadium (1988–1989) • Ralph Wilson Stadium (1990, 1995, 2001) • Cotton Bowl Stadium (1991) • Mississippi Veterans Memorial Stadium (1993) • Foxboro Stadium (1994) • Citrus Bowl (1996–98, 2003) • Byrd Stadium (2000) • Invesco Field at Mile High (2004) • Gillette Stadium (2005) • Rose Bowl Stadium (2007) • Memorial Stadium, Bloomington (2008) • Lucas Oil Stadium (2009–13, 2015–18)
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