- Hachiōji, Tokyo
Mayor = nihongo|Ryuichi Kurosu|黒須 隆一|"Kurosu Ryūichi"
Tree = Ginkgo
Flower = Gold-banded lily
Bird = Blue and white fly catcher
CityHallPostalCode = 192-8501
CityHallAddress= Tokyo-to, Hachioji-shi, Motohongo-cho, San-chome, 24-ban, 1-go
CityHallLink = [http://www.city.hachioji.tokyo.jp/ Hachiōji City] | City
As of 2007, the city has an estimated
populationof 542,712 and the density of 2,912.95/km². The total area is 186.31 km². It is the eighth largest city in the Greater Tokyo Area. The city is surrounded on three sides by mountains, forming the Hachiōji Basin which opens up toward the east in the direction of Tokyo. The mountain ranges in the southwest include Mount Takao(599 m) and Mount Jinba(857 m), two popular hiking destinations which can be reached by train and bus, respectively. Two major national roads, Route 16 (which connects Kawagoe in the north with Yokohamain the south) and Route 20, the former Kōshū Kaidō.
Although Hachiōji only gained city status on
September 1, 1917, it has been an important junction point and post-town along the " Kōshū Highway", the main road that connected the historical Edo(today's Tokyo) with Western Japan since medieval times, especially during the Edo period. For a short period of time, a castle, Hachiōji Castle(八王子城; "Hachiōji-jō") existed in the area. It was built in 1584 by "Hōjō Ujiteru" (北条氏照), but was soon destroyed in 1590 during General Toyotomi Hideyoshi's attempt to gain control over all of Japan. During the Meiji period, Hachiōji prospered as an important location for the production of silk and silk textiles. The industry faded away, however, in the 1960s. Today, Hachiōji mainly serves as a bed town for people working in Tokyo, and as a location for many large colleges and universities.
Hachiōji stretches over a vast area, combining such diverse parts as the densely populated city center and its shopping district with the hardly populated rural areas in the west.
Mt. Takao(599m) is a very popular hiking destination in the southwest, easily accessible through the Keio Takao Line. It is famous for the Takao Shrine(高尾神社; "Takao-jinja") and the Shingon Buddhist temple "Takao-san Yakuōin Yūkiji" (高尾山薬王院有喜寺). The Tama Forest Science Gardenis also of interest. Mt. Jinba(855 m) is more difficult to reach, requiring a one-hour bus ride from the city center. It is popular, however, because of the scenic view toward Mt. Fuji.
The JR East
Chūō Main Lineand the Keio Electric Railwayprovide rail service to Hachiōji: JR eastward to Shinjuku Stationand Tokyo Station, westward to Sagamiko and Kofu; Keio to Shinjuku.
Chūō Expresswayis a divided, limited-access toll roadthat serves Hachiōji, roughly parallel to the Chūō Line. Hachiōji also lies on Japanese National Route 16 and Route 20.
The city operates its public elementary and junior high schools.
Public high schools are operated by the
Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education
Fujimori High School[http://www.fujimori-h.metro.tokyo.jp/]
Hachioji East High School[http://www.hachiojihigashi-h.metro.tokyo.jp/]
Hachioji North High School[http://www.hachiojikita-h.metro.tokyo.jp/]
Hachioji Soushi High School[http://www.hachioji-soushi-h.metro.tokyo.jp/]
Hachioji Takushin High School[http://www.hachioji-takushin-h.metro.tokyo.jp/]
Hachioji Technical High School[http://www.hachiojikogyo-h.metro.tokyo.jp/]
Katakura High School[http://www.katakura-h.metro.tokyo.jp/]
Matsugaya High School[http://www.matsugaya-h.metro.tokyo.jp/]
Minamitama High School[http://www.mt-h.metro.tokyo.jp/]
Shoyo High School[http://www.shoyo-h.metro.tokyo.jp/]
The metropolis operates the
Hachioji School for the Blind[http://www.hachioji-sb.metro.tokyo.jp/] Nippon Engineering College[http://www.neec.ac.jp/cie/us/] is also in Hachiōji.
Private universities include:
Soka University of Japan, which has a sister school in the USA, Soka University of America.
* [http://www.city.hachioji.tokyo.jp/languages/english/index.html Hachiōji official website] in English
* [http://www.city.hachioji.tokyo.jp/ Hachiōji official website] in Japanese
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