Saint Joseph's Oratory


Saint Joseph's Oratory
Saint Joseph's Oratory of Mount Royal
Oratoire Saint-Joseph du Mont-Royal
Basic information
Location Montreal, Quebec
Geographic coordinates 45°29′30″N 73°37′00″W / 45.491667°N 73.616667°W / 45.491667; -73.616667
Affiliation Roman Catholic
District Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Montreal
Ecclesiastical or organizational status Basilica
Leadership Father Claude Grou
Website http://www.saint-joseph.org/
Architectural description
Architect(s) Dalbé Viau, Alphonse Venne, Lucien Parent and Dom Paul Bellot
Architectural type Oratory, domed basilica
Architectural style Italian renaissance
Direction of façade NNW
Completed 1967
Construction cost $2.3 Million (CAD)
Specifications
Capacity 10,000 / 2,400 sitting
Length 105 metres (344 ft)
Width 65 metres (213 ft)
Width (nave) 37 metres (121 ft)
Height (max) 129 metres (423 ft)
Dome(s) one (1)
Dome height (outer) 97 metres (318 ft) (from nave floor)
Dome height (inner) 60 metres (200 ft) (from nave floor)
Dome dia. (outer) 39 metres (128 ft)
Dome dia. (inner) 26 metres (85 ft)
Minaret(s) none
Minaret height NA
Spire(s) none
Spire height NA
Materials Canadian granite, copper
National Historic Site of Canada
Official name: Saint Joseph’s Oratory of Mount Royal National Historic Site of Canada
Designated: 2004

Saint Joseph's Oratory of Mount Royal, (French: Oratoire Saint-Joseph du Mont-Royal), is a Roman Catholic minor basilica and national shrine on the west slope of Mount Royal in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Contents

History

In 1904, Saint André Bessette, CSC, began the construction of St. Joseph, a small chapel on the slopes of Mont Royal near Notre Dame College. [1] Soon the growing number of visitors made it too small. Even though it was enlarged, a larger church was needed and in 1917 one was completed - it is called the Crypt, and has a seating capacity of 1,000. In 1924, the construction of the basilica of Saint Joseph's Oratory was inaugurated; it was finally completed in 1967. [2]The Oratory's dome is the third-largest of its kind in the world after the Basilica of Our Lady of Peace of Yamoussoukro in the Ivory Coast and Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome, and the church is the largest in Canada.

The basilica is dedicated to Saint Joseph, to whom Brother André credited all his reported miracles. These were mostly related to some kind of healing power, and many pilgrims (handicapped, blind, ill, etc.) poured into his Basilica, including numerous Protestants. On display in the basilica is a wall covered with thousands of crutches from those who came to the basilica and were allegedly healed. Pope John Paul II deemed the miracles to be authentic and beatified Brother André in 1982. In October 2010 Pope Benedict XVI canonized the saint.

A reliquary in the church museum contains Brother André's heart, which he requested as a protection for the basilica. More than 2 million visitors and pilgrims visit the Oratory every year. It is located at 3800 Queen Mary Road , at Côte-des-Neiges (near to Côte-des-Neiges metro station).

Composer Émilien Allard notably served as the church's carillonneur from 1955-1975. For RCA Victor he released the LP album Carols at the Carillon of Saint Joseph's Oratory for which he wrote the arrangements.[3]

Modern developments

On October 19, 2004, the Oratory held its centennial. All the bells of all the churches on the island of Montreal were supposed to ring at 9:00 a.m., though not all churches participated. At 9:05 a.m., the basilica rang its bell in response and celebration.

In 2004, the Oratory was designated a National Historic Site of Canada on the occasion of its 100th anniversary.[4][5]

In popular culture

The 1989 movie Jésus de Montréal uses the Oratory as its principal backdrop. A photograph of the Oratory is used for the picture representing Montreal in the Monopoly: Here and Now: The World Edition game.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Pound, Richard W. (2005). 'Fitzhenry and Whiteside Book of Canadian Facts and Dates'. Fitzhenry and Whiteside. 
  2. ^ Pound, Richard W. (2005). 'Fitzhenry and Whiteside Book of Canadian Facts and Dates'. Fitzhenry and Whiteside. 
  3. ^ "La vie et la mort d'un carillonneur", Musique périodique, vol 1, Jan-Feb 1977
  4. ^ "The Government of Canada Commemorates the National Historic Significance of Saint Joseph's Oratory of Mount Royal". News Release (Parks Canada). 2005-09-19. http://www.marketwire.com/press-release/Parks-Canada-555699.html. Retrieved 2009-01-08. 
  5. ^ Saint Joseph’s Oratory of Mount Royal National Historic Site of Canada. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved August 17, 2011.

External links

Coordinates: 45°29′30″N 73°37′00″W / 45.491667°N 73.616667°W / 45.491667; -73.616667


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