Nagasaki Prefecture


Nagasaki Prefecture
Nagasaki Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 – Japanese 長崎県
 – Rōmaji Nagasaki-ken

Symbol of Nagasaki Prefecture
Country Japan
Region Kyūshū
Island Kyūshū
Capital Nagasaki
Government
 – Governor Hodo Nakamura (since March 2010)
Area
 – Total 4,104.48 km2 (1,584.7 sq mi)
Area rank 37th
Population (2009)
 – Total 1,440,727
 – Rank 26th
 – Density 351/km2 (909.1/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-42
Districts 4
Municipalities 21
Flower Unzentsutsuji (Rhododendron serpyllifolium)
Tree Sawara (Chamaecyparis pisifera)
Bird Mandarin Duck (Aix galericulata)
Website www.pref.nagasaki.jp/en/

Nagasaki Prefecture (長崎県 Nagasaki-ken?) is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyūshū.[1] The capital is the city of Nagasaki.[2]

Contents

History

Nagasaki Prefect Office, Meiji Period
Lighthouse at Osezaki in Gotō
Map of Nagasaki Prefecture
Grave of William Adams in Hirado
Castle in Shimabara
Sōfuku-ji Ōbaku Zen temple in Nagasaki

Nagasaki Prefecture was created by merging of the western half of the former province of Hizen with the island provinces of Tsushima and Iki.[3] Facing China and Korea, the region around Hirado was a traditional center for both traders and pirates.

During the 16th century, Catholic missionaries and traders from Portugal arrived and became active in Hirado and Nagasaki, which became a major center for foreign trade. After being given free rein in Oda Nobunaga's period, the missionaries were forced out little by little, until finally, in the Tokugawa era, Christianity was banned under the Sakoku national isolation policy, during which time, Japanese foreign trade was restricted to Chinese and Dutch traders based at Dejima in Nagasaki; however, Kirishitan (Japanese Christian) worship continued underground. These Kakure Kirishitan (hidden Christians) were tried at every step, forced to step on fumi-e ("trample pictures", images of the Virgin Mary and saints) to prove that they were non-Christian. With the banishment of all Catholic missionaries, traders from Catholic countries were also forced out of the country. Along with them, their children, half Japanese and half European, were also forced to leave the country. The majority was sent to Jagatara (Jakarta) and are still remembered by the locals as the people who wrote the poignant letters which were smuggled across the sea to their homeland. Today, Nagasaki has a prominent Chinatown[4] and Catholic churches.

During the Meiji Restoration, Nagasaki and Sasebo became major ports for foreign trade, and eventually major military bases and shipbuilding centers for the Imperial Japanese Navy up to World War II. On August 9, 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on Nagasaki, which completely destroyed all buildings in a one mile radius from the point of impact and extensively damaged other parts of the city. 70,000 people died and over 70,000 more were injured in the attack.

Geography

Nagasaki borders Saga Prefecture on the east, and is otherwise surrounded by water, including Ariake Bay, the Tsushima Straits, and the East China Sea. It also includes a large number of islands such as Tsushima and Iki. Most of the prefecture is near the coast and there are a number of ports such as Nagasaki and a United States Navy base at Sasebo.

Regions

Nagasaki Prefecture currently has 13 cities, 4 districts, and 8 towns. There are currently no municipalities with the designation of village within Nagasaki Prefecture.

Cities

Districts

Mergers and dissolutions

The following municipalities have been dissolved during the last seven years.

Economy

Culture

Religion

Nagasaki is the most Christianized area in Japan with Roman Catholic missions having been established there as early as the 16th century. See Shusaku Endo's novel "Silence" which draws from the oral history of the local Christian ( Kirishitan ) communities, both Kakure Kirishitan and Hanare Kirishitan.

As of 2002, there are 68,617 Catholics in Nagasaki Prefecture, accounting for 4.52 percent of the total population of the prefecture.

Sports

The Nagasaki Saints of the Shikoku-Kyūshū Island League make Nagasaki Prefecture their home.

Tourism

Kujū-ku Islands in Sasebo

Transportation

Railroad

Tram Car

Road

Expressway and Toll road

  • Nagasaki Expressway
  • West Kyushu Expressway
  • Nagasaki Dejima Road
  • Kawahira Toll Road
  • Kunimi Toll Road
  • Kawahira Toll Road

National Highway

  • Route 34
  • Route 35
  • Route 57
  • Route 202
  • Route 204
  • Route 205
  • Route 206
  • Route 207
  • Route 251
  • Route 324
  • Route 382
  • Route 383
  • Route 384
  • Route 389
  • Route 444
  • Route 498
  • Route 499

Port

  • Nagasaki Port
  • Sasebo Port
  • Matsuura Port
  • Hirado Port
  • Shimabara Port
  • Fukue Port
  • Izuhara Port of Tsushima
  • Gonoura Port of Iki Island

Airport

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Nagasaki prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 683 at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Nagasaki" in p. 683 at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780 at Google Books.
  4. ^ ようこそ 長崎新地中華街へ

References

External links

Coordinates: 32°58′N 129°48′E / 32.967°N 129.8°E / 32.967; 129.8


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • List of mergers in Nagasaki Prefecture — The following is a list of mergers that occurred in the 2000s in Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan.(as of March 31, 2006)Mergers from April 1, 2003 to March 31, 2004*On March 1, 2004 the towns of Izuhara, Mitsushima, Toyotama from Shimoagata District,… …   Wikipedia

  • Nagasaki — 長崎   Core city   長崎市 · Nagasaki City Nagasaki s vibrant waterfront fea …   Wikipedia

  • Prefecture de Nagasaki — Préfecture de Nagasaki Préfecture de Nagasaki · 長崎県 Nagasaki ken Carte du Japon avec la Préfecture de Nagasaki mise en évidence. Pays  Japon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Préfecture de nagasaki — · 長崎県 Nagasaki ken Carte du Japon avec la Préfecture de Nagasaki mise en évidence. Pays  Japon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nagasaki Main Line —      Nagasaki Main Line 長崎本線 JR Kyūshū 885 series Kamome limited express at Nagasaki Station Overview …   Wikipedia

  • Nagasaki Station (Nagasaki) — Nagasaki Station 長崎駅 Location Prefecture Nagasak …   Wikipedia

  • Nagasaki University — (Nagasaki Daigaku) Established 1949 Type National President Shigeru Katamine Location Nagasaki …   Wikipedia

  • Nagasaki Expressway — 長崎自動車道 …   Wikipedia

  • Nagasaki Airport — 長崎空港 Nagasaki Kūkō IATA: NGS – ICAO: RJFU Summary Airport type Military/Public Operator Civil Aviation Bureau …   Wikipedia

  • Nagasaki Institute of Applied Science — Nagasaki Institute of Apllied Science (Nagasaki Sōgou Kagaku Daigaku) Established 1942 President Kazuma Hayashi Location Nagasaki, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.