Okayama Prefecture


Okayama Prefecture
Okayama Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 – Japanese 岡山県
 – Rōmaji Okayama-ken

Symbol of Okayama Prefecture
Country Japan
Region Chūgoku
Island Honshū
Capital Okayama (city)
Government
 – Governor Masahiro Ishii
Area
 – Total 7,112.32 km2 (2,746.1 sq mi)
Area rank 15th
Population (October 2005)
 – Total 1,957,056
 – Rank 21st
 – Density 275/km2 (712.2/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-33
Districts 10
Municipalities 27
Flower Peach blossom (Prunus persica var. vulgaris)
Tree Red pine (Pinus densiflora)
Bird Lesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)
Website www.pref.okayama.jp/
kikaku/kokusai/momo/e/

Okayama Prefecture (岡山県 Okayama-ken?) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region on Honshū island.[1] The capital is the city of Okayama.[2]

Contents

History

During the Meiji Restoration, the area of Okayama Prefecture was known as Bitchū Province, Bizen Province and Mimasaka Province.[3]

Geography

Map of Okayama Prefecture:

Okayama Prefecture borders Hyōgo Prefecture, Tottori Prefecture and Hiroshima Prefecture. It faces Kagawa Prefecture in Shikoku across the Seto Inland Sea and includes 90 islands in the sea.

Okayama Prefecture is home to the historic town of Kurashiki. Most of the population is concentrated around Kurashiki and Okayama. The small villages in the northern mountain region are ageing and declining in population - more than half of the prefectures municipalities are officially designated as depopulated.[4]

Cities

Fifteen cities are located in Okayama Prefecture:

Towns and villages

Towns and villages in each district:

Nishiawakura
Satoshō
Kibichūō
Nagi
Shōō
Kumenan
Misaki
Shinjō
Yakage
Kagamino
Hayashima
Wake

Mergers

Economy

Demographics

Transportation

Railways

Culture

  • Bizen-yaki (Bizen pottery)
  • Bizen Osafune/Bitchu Aoe swords

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Okayama.

Football (soccer)
Volleyball

Tourism

Some tourist attractions are:

  • The Koraku-en Japanese garden (後楽園 Kōraku-en?) located in Okayama City.
  • Okayama Castle (岡山城 Okayama-jō?) located in Okayama City.
  • Shizutani School (閑谷学校 Shizutani Gakkō?), located in Bizen City.
  • Bikan Historical Area (倉敷美観地区 Kurashiki Bikan Chiku?), located in Kurashiki City.
  • Bitchu Matsuyama Castle, located in Takahashi City
  • Kakuzan Park, located in Tsuyama City
  • Bisei Astronomical Observatory (美星天文台 Bisei Tenmondai?), located in Ibara Town (following dissolution of Bisei Town).


Anime and manga

The anime and manga series Tenchi Muyo! take place in this part of Japan, and many characters are named after geographical features and landmarks of the area. In the anime and manga series "Nerima Daikon Brothers", the character Mako speaks with an Okayama accent.

Notables

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Okayama-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 745 at Google Books; "Chūgoku" at p. 127 at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Okayama" at p. 745 at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780 at Google Books.
  4. ^ Okayama official website accessed Nov. 2007

References

External links

Coordinates: 34°42′N 133°51′E / 34.7°N 133.85°E / 34.7; 133.85


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