- Kagawa Prefecture
Infobox Prefecture Japan
Name = Kagawa
JapaneseName = 香川県
Rōmaji = Kagawa-ken
Symbol = Symbol of Kagawa Prefecture.svg
Capital = Takamatsu
Region = Shikoku
TotalArea = 1,861.70
AreaRank = 47th
PCWater = 2.8
Population = 1,022,843
PopRank = 40th
Density = 549
Districts = 5
Municipalities = 17
ISOCode = JP-37
Tree = Olive ("Olea europaea")
Bird = Oriental
Website = [http://www.pref.kagawa.jp/foreigner.shtml www.pref.kagawa.jp/foreigner.shtml]
Takeki Manabenihongo|Kagawa Prefecture|香川県|Kagawa-ken is a prefecture of Japanlocated on Shikoku island. The capital is Takamatsu.
Kagawa was formerly known as
For the brief period between August 1876 and December 1888, Kagawa was made a part of
Ehime Prefecture.cite book
editor = Ikatachōshi Editing Committee
language = Japanese
title = nihongo|Ikata Town History|伊方町誌|Ikatachōshi
publisher = Town of Ikata, printed by DAI-ICHI HOKI Publishing
date = March 31, 1987 ]
Battle of Yashima
Located in Kagawa's capital city, Takamatsu, the mountain of Yashima was the battlefield for one of the best-known battles between the Heike and the Genji clans. The name Yashima means literally 'roof island'. Yashima, so called because of its shape like the roof of a traditional Japanese farm house, is a mesa headland jutting out into the Seto Inland Sea. But at the time when the Genpei War was fought, it was, as is implied by the name, an island separated from the mainland by the Aibikigawa River.The military forces of the Heikes, defeated at Ichinotani, retreated to Yashima with Emperor Antoku and set up his temporary court and their headquarters at Dannoura Inlet of Yashima. Yashima retains many names related to the historic battle. According to the stories, the main battlefield was the whole Dannoura area, where now stands Yashima-higashi Primary School. Visitors now find the old court site of Emperor Antoku, Tombs of Sato Tsugunobu and Kikuomaru, Rock on which Nasuno Yoichi prayed for success of his feat, Rock on which the bestriding Yoichi shot his arrow at the fan. The place names of Genjigamine Peak, Funakakushi, Chinoike Pond and others are reminiscent of the past.
Kagawa comprises the northeast corner of Shikoku, bordering
Ehime Prefectureon the west and Tokushima Prefectureon the south, with a coastline on the Seto Inland Seafacing Okayama Prefectureand the Kansai. The Sanuki Mountainsrun along the southern border.
Kagawa is currently the smallest prefecture, by area, in Japan.
Osaka Prefectureheld that title until Kansai International Airportwas reclaimed from the ocean in the early 1990s, pushing its land area slightly above Kagawa'sFact|date=February 2007. Kagawa is a relatively narrow prefecture located between the mountains of Shikoku and the sea.
Eight cities are located in Kagawa Prefecture:
Towns and villages in each district:
The sports teams listed below are based in Kagawa.
Kagawa Olive Guyners
Takamatsu Five Arrows(Takamatsu)
Yashima, the island on which the Battle of Yashimawas fought.
Megijima( Onigashima) & Ogijima
Based on its ancient name,
Sanuki, Kagawa is famous for its Sanuki Udon(wheat noodles). Recent years has seen a great interest in Sanuki Udon across Japan, and many Japanese now take day trips to taste the many Sanuki Udon restaurants in Kagawa.
The novel "
Battle Royale" by Koushun Takamiwas set in the fictional town of Shiroiwa ('Castle Rock') in the Kagawa Prefecture. Okishima, the fictional island on which much of the novel takes place is placed in the Seto Inland Sea. The manga also places Shiroiwa in the Kagawa Prefecture, while the film moves Shiroiwa to the Kanagawa Prefecture.
* [http://www.pref.kagawa.jp/foreigner.shtml Kagawa Prefecture English homepage]
* [http://www.pref.kagawa.jp/ Official Kagawa Prefecture Japanese homepage]
* National Archives of Japan [http://jpimg.digital.archives.go.jp/jpg_prg/jgmWeb?%TmpFileDisp%env=jpeg2k_images/ezu/fukenchizu/027_kagawa_e.env ... Kagawa map (1891)]
* [http://www.notesfromshikoku.com Notes from Shikoku] in English
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