- Miyagi Prefecture
Miyagi Prefecture Japanese transcription(s) – Japanese 宮城県 – Rōmaji Miyagi-ken
Symbol of Miyagi Prefecture
Country Japan Region Tōhoku Island Honshu Capital Sendai Government – Governor Yoshihiro Murai Area – Total 7,285.16 km2 (2,812.8 sq mi) Area rank 17th Population (December 1, 2010) – Total 2,337,513 – Rank 15th – Density 320.86/km2 (831/sq mi) ISO 3166 code JP-04 Districts 10 Municipalities 35 Flower Miyagi bush clover (Lespedeza thunbergii) Tree Japanese zelkova
Bird Wild goose Website www.pref.miyagi.jp/
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Economy
- 4 Education
- 5 Transportation
- 6 Sports
- 7 Visitor attractions
- 8 Famous festivals and events
- 9 Notes
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Miyagi Prefecture was formerly part of the province of Mutsu. Mutsu Province, on northern Honshu, was one of the last provinces to be formed as land was taken from the indigenous Emishi, and became the largest as it expanded northward. The ancient capital was in modern Miyagi Prefecture.
In the third month of second year of the Wadō era (709), there was an uprising against governmental authority in Mutsu Province and in nearby Echigo Province. Troops were promptly dispatched to subdue the revolt.
In Wadō 5 (712), the land of Mutsu Province was administratively separated from Dewa Province. Empress Gemmei's Daijō-kan continued to organize other cadastral changes in the provincial map of the Nara period, as in the following year when Mimasaka Province was divided from Bizen Province; Hyūga Province was sundered from Osumi Province; and Tamba Province was severed from Tango Province.
During the Sengoku period various clans ruled different parts of the province. The Uesugi clan had a castle town at Wakamatsu in the south, the Nambu clan at Morioka in the north, and Date Masamune, a close ally of the Tokugawa, established Sendai, which is now the largest town of the Tōhoku region.
Date Masamune built a castle at Sendai as his seat to rule Mutsu. In 1871, Sendai Prefecture was formed. It was renamed Miyagi prefecture the following year.
2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami
On March 11, 2011, a 9.0 magnitude earthquake and a subsequent major tsunami hit Miyagi Prefecture, causing major damage to the area. The tsunami was estimated to be approximately 10 meters high in Miyagi Prefecture.
On April 7, 2011: 7.4-magnitude earthquake strikes off coast of Miyagi, Japan, Japan's meteorological agency says. Workers were then evacuated from the nearby troubled Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear facility once again, as a tsunami warning was issued for the coastline. Residents were told to flee for inner land at this time.
Officials from the U.S. Geological Survey later downgraded the magnitude to 7.1 from 7.4.
Miyagi Prefecture is in the central part of Tōhoku, facing the Pacific Ocean, and contains Tōhoku's largest city, Sendai. There are high mountains on the west and along the northeast coast, but the central plain around Sendai is fairly large.
Oshika Peninsula projects from the northern coastline of the prefecture.
There are thirteen cities are in Miyagi Prefecture:
Towns and villages
These are the towns and villages in each district:
- Both towns within Watari District are planning to merge and create a new city under the name of Watari. Watari District will dissolve if the city is created.
Although Miyagi has a good deal of fishing and agriculture, producing a great deal of rice and livestock, it is dominated by the manufacturing industries around Sendai, particularly electronics, appliances, and food processing.
As of July 2011, the Japanese government has decided to ban all shipments of beef cattle from northeast Miyagi Prefecture over fears of radioactive contamination.
- Miyagi University
- Miyagi University of Education
- Miyagi Gakuin Women's University
- Sendai University
- Sendai Shirayuri Women's College
- Tohoku University
- Tohoku Gakuin University
- Tohoku Bunka Gakuen University
- Tohoku Institute of Technology
- Tohoku Fukushi University
- Tohoku Seikatsu Bunka College
- Tohoku Pharmaceutical University
- Shokei Gakuin University
- Ishinomaki Senshu University
- JR East
Expressways and toll roads
- Tohoku Expressway
- Yamagata Expressway
- Sanriku Expressway
- Sendai East Road
- Sendai North Road
- Sendai South Road
- Route 4 (Nihonbashi of Tokyo–Kasukabe–Utsunomiya–Koriyama–Sendai–Furukawa–Ichinoseki–Morioka–Towada–Aomori)
- Route 6 (Nihonbashi of Tokyo–Mito–Iwaki–Soma–Sendai)
- Route 45 (Sendai–Ishinomaki–Ofunato–Kamaishi–Kuji–Hachinohe–Towada)
- Route 47 (Furukawa–Narugo–Shinjyo–Sakata)
- Route 48 (Sendai–Yamagata)
- Route 108
- Route 113
- Route 286
- Route 342
- Route 346
- Route 347
- Route 349
- Route 398
- Route 399
- Route 456
- Route 457
- Sendai Port – Ferry route to Tomakomai, Hokkaido and Nagoya, container hub port
- Ishinomaki Port – Ferry route to Mount Kinka, Tashiro Island and Tashiro Island. Many fishing boats base in Miyagi.
- Matsushima Bay
The sports teams listed below are based in Miyagi Prefecture.
- Football (soccer)
Miyagi Prefecture boasts one of Japan's three greatest sights. Matsushima, the pine-clad islands, dot the waters off the coast of the prefecture.
The following are also noted as attractions:
- Naruko Hot Spring
- Rikuchu Coast
- Okama Crater Lake
- Zao Botanical Garden
- Zao Hot Spring
Famous festivals and events
- Sendai New Year's traditional Sale on January 2
- Shiroishi Kokeshi Exhibition, May 3–5
- Aoba Festival, Suzume Dancing event in May
- Shiogama Port Festival in July
- Sendai Tanabata Festival, August 6–8
- Narugo Kokeshi Festival in September
- Sendai Pageant of Starlight in December
- ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Miyagi prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 648 at Google Books; "Tōhoku" in p. 970 at Google Books.
- ^ Nussbaum, "Sendai" in p. 841 at Google Books.
- ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780 at Google Books
- ^ a b Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 64.
- ^ "Japan earthquake: Tsunami hits north-east". BBC News. March 11, 2011. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-12709598.
- ^ http://www.voanews.com/english/news/asia/Devastating-Tsunami-Strikes-Northeastern-Japan-117803999.html
- ^ "CBS News World". April 7, 2011. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2011/04/07/501364/main20051696.shtml. Retrieved 7 April 2011.
- ^ "カーシェアリングがわかった！". http://www.w-y-gap.jp/. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- ^ Schreiber, Mark, "Japan's food crisis goes beyond recent panic buying", Japan Times, 17 April 2011, p. 9.
- ^ http://www.philstar.com/Article.aspx?articleId=710867&publicationSubCategoryId=200
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 10-ISBN 0-674-01753-6; 13-ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
- Official Miyagi Prefecture homepage (Japanese)
- Official Miyagi Prefecture homepage last accessed on March 25, 2007
- Official information of each merger in Miyagi Prefecture last accessed on March 25, 2007
Miyagi Prefecture Sendai (capital) Other cities DistrictsSee also: Towns and villages by district Regions and administrative divisions of Japan Regions Prefectures Hokkaido Tōhoku Kantō Chūbu Kansai Chūgoku Shikoku Kyushu 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunamiAftermath • Humanitarian response · Foreshocks and aftershocks Affected areas
- Tōhoku Region [Iwate Prefecture (Kamaishi – Miyako – Ōfunato – Ōtsuchi – Rikuzentakata – Yamada) | Miyagi Prefecture (Higashimatsushima – Ishinomaki – Kesennuma – Kurihara – Minamisanriku – Sendai) | Fukushima Prefecture (Iwaki – Minamisōma – Ōkuma – Sōma)]
- Kantō Region [Ibaraki Prefecture (Hitachinaka – Itako – Kashima – Kitaibaraki – Ōarai) | Chiba Prefecture (Asahi – Chōshi – Ichihara – Urayasu)]
- Hokkaido [Oshima Subprefecture (Hakodate)]
Affected infrastructure Nuclear accidents AftershocksMiyagi, Japan (7.1, 7 April) • Fukushima, Japan (6.6, 11 April) People FundraisersArtistes 311 Love Beyond Borders • Download to Donate: Tsunami Relief • Fight and Smile • Songs for Japan OtherImpact on video game industry • Operation Tomodachi
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