Maruf Karkhi

Maruf Karkhi
Saint Maruf Karkhi

A miniature of Maruf Karkhi
Mystic, Preacher
Born c. 750-60 C.E.
Died c. 815-20 C.E.
Honored in Islam
Influences Muhammad, Ali ibn Musa and Dawud Ta'i

Maruf Karkhi (Persian: معروف کرخی), known also by his full name Abu Mahfuz Maruf Ibn Firuz al-Karkhi, was a Sufi Saint who is a pivotal figure in Sufism. He came from a Christian background[1] and the story of his conversion to Islam is one of the most famous in Islamic lore.



Maruf was born in the district of Wasit or Karkh in Baghdad. His father's name was Firuz, which suggests that he was of Persian origin.[2] His original religion is usually understood to have been Christian, which may mean that the Armenian Islamic preacher and mystic, Farqad Sabakhi, may have mentored Maruf Karkhi.[3] Attar narrates in his Memorial of the Saints that Maruf converted to Islam at a young age at the hands of Ali ibn Musa, after rejecting all forms of polytheism. Tradition recounts that he immediately went and told his father and mother, who rejoiced at his decision and became Muslims themselves. After accepting Islam, Maruf became a student of Dawud Ta'i, and underwent a severe trial of his discipleship. Maruf, however, remained steadfast and proved himself so devout that his righteousness became locally famous.

Sufi tradition

In Sufism, those of the order of Marufi are those connected to Maruf Karkhi. Maruf thus forms a penultimate link in what is known as the Golden Chain (silsilah) of Sufism, the initiation line which forms an unbroken chain to Muhammad. Maruf, being the freed slave and disciple of Ali ar-Ridha, formed part of that lineage, while at the same time maintaining the teachings of his master Dawud Ta'i and thus being his successor as well. Sufis venerate Maruf highly for the multiple spiritual chains which interlock in his teachings.[4]

See also


  1. ^ Memorial of the Saints, Attar, Maruf al-Karkhi, pg. 161
  2. ^ Cyril Glasse, "The New Encyclopedia of Islam", Published by Rowman & Littlefield, 2008
  3. ^ Historical dictionary of Sufism By John Renard, pg. 87
  4. ^ What is Sufism?, M. Lings, pg. 120, Suhail Academy Publishing

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ni'matullāhī — The Ni matullāhī or Ne matollāhī (Persian: نعمت‌اللهی) (also spelled as Nimatollahi , Nematollahi or Ni matallahi) is a Sufi order (or tariqa) originating in Iran. According to Moojan Momen, the number of Ni matullāhī in Iran in 1980 was… …   Wikipedia

  • Iran — Persia redirects here. For other uses, see Persia (disambiguation). Coordinates: 32°N 53°E …   Wikipedia

  • Sultan Bahu — (ca 1628 1691) was a Muslim Sufi and saint, who founded the Sarwari Qadiri sufi order.Sultan Bahu belonged to Awan tribe.Awans are the descendants of Ali. Like many other sufi saints of the Indian subcontinent, Sultan Bahu was also a prolific… …   Wikipedia

  • Ali ar-Ridha — ʿAlī al Rizā, [Rizā] Imam of Twelver Shi a Islam A modern depiction by a Shi a artist …   Wikipedia

  • Ghanche District — Infobox Pakistan district district = Ghanche District area = population = pop year = density = caption = Map of the Northern Areas of Pakistan, showing the six districts and tehsil boundaries. region = Northern Areas established = nazim = naib… …   Wikipedia

  • Hamza Al Qâdiri Al Boutchichi — Religion religions abrahamiques : judaïsme · christianisme · islam …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hamza al Qadiri al Boutchichi — Hamza al Qâdiri al Boutchichi Religion religions abrahamiques : judaïsme · christianisme · islam …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hamza al Qâdiri al Boutchichi — Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Un maître vivant 3 Itinéraire d une famille de maîtres soufis : Les Qadiri Boutchich 4 Origines …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hamza al qâdiri al boutchichi — Religion religions abrahamiques : judaïsme · christianisme · islam …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sidi Hamza al Qâdiri al Boudchichi — Hamza al Qâdiri al Boutchichi Religion religions abrahamiques : judaïsme · christianisme · islam …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.