Sufi cosmology


Sufi cosmology
Planes of existence

Gross and subtle bodies

Theosophy
Neo-Theosophy
Rosicrucian

The 7 Worlds & the 7 Cosmic Planes
The Seven-fold constitution of Man
The Ten-fold constitution of Man

Thelema

Body of light | Thelemic mysticism

Surat Shabda Yoga

Cosmology

Jainism
Jain cosmology
Sufism

Sufi cosmology

Hinduism
Talas/Lokas - Tattvas, Kosas, Upadhis
Buddhism
Buddhist cosmology
Kabbalah
Atziluth -> Beri'ah -> Yetzirah -> Assiah

Sephirot

Fourth Way

Ray of Creation
The Laws
Three Centers and Five Centers

Castaneda

The Double Body
The Second Attention
The Third Attention
The Dream Attention
The Realm of Inorganic Beings

This box: view · talk · edit


Sufi cosmology (Arabic: الكوزمولوجية الصوفية‎) is a general term for cosmological doctrines associated with the mysticism of Sufism. These may differ from place to place, order to order and time to time, but overall show the influence of several different cosmographies:

  • The Quran's testament concerning God and immaterial beings, the soul and the afterlife, the beginning and end of things, the seven heavens etc.
  • The Neoplatonic views cherished by Islamic philosophers like Ibn Sina / Avicenna and Ibn Arabi.
  • The Hermetic-Ptolemaic spherical geocentric world.
  • The Ishraqi visionary universe as expounded by Suhrawardi Maqtul.

Contents

Emanation

The following cosmological plan, explaining a creation by successive emanation of worlds, as taught by Plotinus, is typical:[1]

  • Alam-i-Hahut (Realm of He-ness) The Realm of pre-existence, the condition of the universe before its formation, equated with the unknowable essence of God’s. Alam-e-Hahut has similarities to the Christian concept of Deus absconditus, the Hindu notion of Nirguna Brahman and the Kabbalist idea of the En-Sof.
  • Alam-i-Lahut (Realm of Divinity) That region where incalculable unseen tiny dots emerge and expand to such large circles that they engulf the entire universe. This Realm is also known as Tajalliat (The Beatific Vision, or the Circle of the Beatific Vision). These countless circles are the bases of all the root causes of the universe. This whole circle is known as the Ghaib-ul-ghaib (Unseen of the Unseen). Alam-e-Lahoot has similarities to the Christian concept of Deus revelatus, the Hindu notion of Saguna Brahman and the Kabbalist idea of Kether. The final boundary of the human knowledge and understanding is called Hijab-e-Mehmood (The Extolled Veil), which is the extreme height of the Arsh (Supreme Empyrean). Nehr-e-tasweed (The Channel of Black Draught/Darkness) whose last limit is in the Realm of Divinity, is the basis of the Unseen & feeds Rooh-e-Azam (The Great Soul).
  • Alam-i-Jabarut (Realm of Power) The stage when the universe is constituted into features. Hijab-e-Kibria (The Grand Veil) is the last limit of this realm. Nehr-e-tajreed (Channel of Abstraction), whose last limit is The Realm of Omnipotency, feeds the Human Soul with its information.
  • Alam-i-Malakut (Angelic Realm) The stage when the characteristics of the species and their individuals descend from the Realm of Omnipotency, separate consciousnesses comes into being. Its last limit is called Hijab-e-Azmat (The Great Veil). Nehr-e-Tasheed (Channel of Evidence) whose last limit is Angelic Realm, feeds the subtleties of the human heart.
  • Alam-i-Nasut (Realm of Humans) The stage when foundations of the tangible world of matter are laid, (parallel to the Tree of Life's sephiroth of Malkuth). It includes the material realm and all the normally visible cosmos. Nehr-e-Tazheer (Channel of Manifestation) whose last limit is Alam-e-Nasut, feeds The subtleties of ego.

The Human Realm is supervised by:

  • One Kitab-al-Mubeen, controlling:
  • 300 million Loh-e-Mehfooz (Superclusters), each one controlling
  • 80 thousand Hazeere (galaxies), each one containing
  • 13 billion star systems, out of which
  • 1 billion star systems have life on one of their planets.
  • Each star has 9, 12 or 13 planets around it.

On every planet with life on it, life exists in three different planes of existence, the Plane of Angels, the Plane of Jinns and the Plane of Humans. On the other hand, it is surrounded by another realm known as Alam-e-Araf or Barzakh (Astral plane), where humans stay after they die (when the soul disconnects from the physical body). Humans can also visit the astral realm during sleep (while dreaming) or during meditation.

Neoplatonist-Hermetic scheme

Ghayb-al-Ghaib

Aql-e-Kulli

Nafs-e-Kulliya

Seven Spheres

Temporal finitism

In cosmology, in contrast to ancient Greek philosophers such as Aristotle who believed that the universe had an infinite past with no beginning, Medieval philosophers and theologians developed the concept of the universe having a finite past with a beginning (temporal finitism). This view was inspired by the creation myth shared by the three Abrahamic religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam. The Christian philosopher, John Philoponus, presented the first such argument against the ancient Greek notion of an infinite past. His arguments were adopted by many, most notably; early Muslim philosopher, Al-Kindi (Alkindus); the Jewish philosopher, Saadia Gaon (Saadia ben Joseph); and finally the Sufi thinker Al-Ghazali. Philoponus proposed two logical arguments against an infinite past, the first being the "argument from the impossibility of the existence of an actual infinite", which states:[2]

"An actual infinite cannot exist."
"An infinite temporal regress of events is an actual infinite."
".•. An infinite temporal regress of events cannot exist."

His second argument, the "argument from the impossibility of completing an actual infinite by successive addition", states:[2]

"An actual infinite cannot be completed by successive addition."
"The temporal series of past events has been completed by successive addition."
".•. The temporal series of past events cannot be an actual infinite."

Both arguments were adopted by later Christian philosophers and theologians, and the second argument in particular became more famous after it was adopted by Immanuel Kant in his thesis of the first antimony concerning time.[2]

External links

See also

References

  1. ^ "Sufi Cosmology". Kheper.net. http://www.kheper.net/topics/Islamic_esotericism/cosmology.html. 
  2. ^ a b c Craig, William Lane (June 1979). "Whitrow and Popper on the Impossibility of an Infinite Past". The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 30 (2): 165–170 [165–6]. doi:10.1093/bjps/30.2.165. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sufi philosophy — includes the schools of thought unique to Sufism, a mystical branch within Islam. Sufism and its philosophical traditions may be associated with Sunni Islam or Shia Islam. It has been suggested that Sufi thought emerged from the Middle East in… …   Wikipedia

  • Cosmology in medieval Islam — Islamic cosmology refers to cosmology in Islamic societies. It is mainly derived from the Qur an, Hadith, Sunnah, and current Islamic as well as other pre Islamic sources. The Qur an itself mentions seven heavens[1] and a vast universe sustained… …   Wikipedia

  • Religious cosmology — For other approaches to the study of the Universe in its totality, see Cosmology. For other approaches to the origin of the Universe, see Cosmogony. A Religious cosmology (also mythological cosmology) is a way of explaining the origin, the… …   Wikipedia

  • Esoteric cosmology — is cosmology that is an intrinsic part of an esoteric or occult system of thought. It almost always deals with at least some of the following themes: emanation, involution, evolution, epigenesis, planes of existence or higher worlds (and their… …   Wikipedia

  • Nur Ashki Jerrahi Sufi Order — The Nur Ashki Jerrahi Sufi Order is a modern dervish order (tariqah) of Sufism. It is a branch of the Halveti Jerrahi Tariqah of Istanbul, Turkey, and was founded in the early 1980s by American Sufis Nur al Anwar al Jerrahi (born Lex Hixon) and… …   Wikipedia

  • Universal Sufi Prayers —   Part of a series of articles on Universal Sufism Figures …   Wikipedia

  • Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi — Azophi redirects here. For the lunar crater, see Azophi (crater). Abd al Rahman al Sufi (Persian: عبدالرحمن صوفی) (December 7, 903 – May 25, 986) was a Persian astronomer also known as Abd ar Rahman as Sufi, or Abd al Rahman Abu al Husayn, Abdul… …   Wikipedia

  • Timeline of cosmology — This timeline of cosmological theories and discoveries is a chronological catalog of the evolution of humankind s understanding of the cosmos over the last two plus millennia. Modern cosmological conceptions follow the development of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Bahá'í cosmology — is the understanding of reality in the Bahá í Faith, and for which reality is divided into three divisions. The first part of reality is God who is preexistent and who the rest of creation is contingent on.cite encyclopedia |last= Smith |first=… …   Wikipedia

  • Ahmad Sirhindi — Imām Rabbānī Shaykh Ahmad al Farūqī al Sirhindī Full name Imām Rabbānī Shaykh Ahmad al Farūqī al Sirhindī Born 30 Nov 1561 Died 1624 (Lived 63 years) Era Mughal era Region Islamic philosopher/scholar …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.