County of Carmarthenshire
- % Water
County Town Carmarthen Largest Town Llanelli ISO 3166-2 GB-CMN ONS code 00NU Demographics Population:
- Total (2010 est.)
75 / km²
Ethnicity 99.4% White Welsh language
- Any skills
Carmarthenshire County Council
Control NOC (Independent-led coalition) MPs AMs MEPs Wales
Carmarthenshire (Welsh: Sir Gaerfyrddin or Sir Gâr) is a unitary authority in the south west of Wales and one of thirteen historic counties. It is the 3rd largest in Wales. Its three largest towns are Llanelli, Carmarthen and Ammanford. The county town and administrative centre of Carmarthenshire is Carmarthen and the most populous settlement is the area in and around the town of Llanelli.
With its fertile land and agricultural produce, Carmarthenshire is known as the "Garden of Wales".
Carmarthenshire has its early roots in the region formerly known as Ystrad Tywi (Vale of [the river] Tywi) and part of the Principality of Deheubarth during the High Middle Ages, with the court at Dinefwr.
Following the Edwardian Conquest of Wales, the region was reorganized by the Statute of Rhuddlan in 1284 into Carmarthenshire.
Carmarthenshire has been spelt in other ways in the past, including:
- Caermardi / Caermardī
- Caermaridunum / Caermaridvnvm
The county is bounded to the north by Ceredigion, to the east by Powys, Neath Port Talbot and Swansea, to the south by the Bristol Channel and to the west by Pembrokeshire. Carmarthenshire has a population of approximately 178,000, with just over 50% (50.05%) whom are Welsh speakers. The surface generally is upland and mountainous. Fforest Fawr and Black Mountain extend into the east of the county and the Cambrian Mountains into the north. The south coast contains many fishing villages and sandy beaches. The highest point is Fan Brycheiniog, 2,525 feet (770 m). (although the main summit is in Powys). Carmarthenshire is the largest historic county by area in Wales.
It is drained by several important rivers, especially the Towy, which flows into the Bristol Channel, and its several tributaries, such as the River Cothi. The Towy is the longest river flowing entirely within Wales and is noted for its trout and salmon fishing. Other rivers include the Loughor (which forms the eastern boundary with Glamorgan), and the Gwendraeth Fawr.
Principal towns are Ammanford, Burry Port, Carmarthen, Kidwelly, Llanelli, Llandeilo, Newcastle Emlyn, Llandovery, St. Clears, Whitland and Pendine. The principal industries are agriculture, forestry, fishing and tourism. Although Llanelli is by far the larger town in the county, the county town remains in Carmarthen, mainly due to its central location.
Carmarthenshire became an administrative county with a county council taking over functions from the Quarter Sessions under the Local Government Act 1888. Under the Local Government Act 1972, the administrative county of Carmarthenshire was abolished on 1 April 1974 and the area of Carmarthenshire became three districts within the new county of Dyfed : Carmarthen, Dinefwr and Llanelli. Under the Local Government (Wales) Act 1994, Dyfed was abolished on 1 April 1996 and the three districts united to form a unitary authority which had the same boundaries as the original Carmarthenshire. In 2003, following a local campaign, the Clunderwen community council area was transferred to Pembrokeshire.
Places of interest
Carmarthenshire Geography 1831 area 606,331-acre (2,453.73 km2) HQ Carmarthen Chapman code CMN History Succeeded by Dyfed Demography 1831 population
- 1831 density
Politics Governance Carmarthenshire County Council (1889-1974)
- Carreg Cennen Castle
- Dinefwr Castle
- Kidwelly Castle
- Laugharne Castle
- Llansteffan Castle
- Newton House
- Talley Abbey
- Laugharne home of Dylan Thomas.
- Afon Cywyn
- Afon Taf
- Afon Teifi
- Afon Tywi
- Aberglasney House and Gardens
- Black Mountain
- Brechfa Forest
- Carmel National Nature Reserve
- Cefn Sidan
- Loughor Estuary
- Millennium Coastal Park, Llanelli
- National Botanic Garden of Wales
- Pembrey Country Park
- Pendine Sands
- Usk Reservoir
- WWT National Wetlands Centre, Llanelli
- Carmarthenshire County Museum
- Dolaucothi Gold Mines
- Dylan Thomas Boathouse
- Kidwelly Industrial Museum
- National Woollen Museum
- Parc Howard Museum
- Pendine Museum of Speed (Pendine)
- West Wales Museum of Childhood
- List of Lord Lieutenants of Carmarthenshire
- List of High Sheriffs of Carmarthenshire
- Carmarthenshire (UK Parliament constituency) for a list of MPs
- List of places in Carmarthenshire for an alphabetical list of towns and villages.
- People from Carmarthenshire for a list of notable people from the county.
- Carmarthenshire county council
- Carmarthenshire Official site from South West Wales Tourist Board
- Genuki: Research sources for Carmarthenshire
- Carmarthenshire at the Open Directory Project
Carmarthenshire Principal settlements Towns and villagesAber-arad • Aber-giar • Abergorlech • Abergwili • Abernant • Alltwalis • Ammanford • Bancyfelin • Bethlehem • Betws • Brechfa • Bronwydd • Brynamman • Burry Port • Caio • Carmarthen • Cefneithin • Cenarth • Cross Hands • Dafen • Eglwyscummin • Ffarmers • Ffaldybrenin • Felinfoel • Ferryside • Five Roads • Garnant • Horeb • Kidwelly • Llandeilo • Llandovery • Llandybie • Llanelli • Llanfihangel ar Arth • Llanfynydd • Llangain • Llangennech • Llangyndeyrn • Llanllwch • Llanllwni • Llanpumsaint • Llansawel • Llansteffan • Llanwrda • Llwynhendy • Manordeilo • Myddfai • Nantgaredig • Newcastle Emlyn • Pantyffynnon • Pemberton • Pembrey • Pencader • Pendine • Peniel • Pontarsais • Pontyberem • Pumsaint • Rhydargaeau • Rhydcymerau • Sandy • St Clears • Talley • Trelech Castles Rivers Principal areas of Wales Transport in Carmarthenshire Road Bus National Cycle NetworkCeltic Trail · NCR 4 Railway lines Railway stations Heart of Wales Line West Wales Line Air
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Look at other dictionaries:
Carmarthenshire — Principal Area Verwaltungssitz Carmarthen Fläche 2.395 km² Einwohner 180.800 (2009) … Deutsch Wikipedia
Carmarthenshire — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ubicación de Carmarthenshire en Gales. Carmarthenshire es una autoridad unitaria situada en Gales, en la zona occidental de Gran Bretaña. Fue asimismo uno de los trece condados históricos de Gales … Wikipedia Español
Carmarthenshire — (welsch Caersyrddin), Grafschaft im südlichen Wales, liegt zwischen Pembroke und Glamorganshire an der Carmarthenbai des Kanals von Bristol und grenzt im Innern an Cardiganshire und Brecknockshire. Sie hat ein Areal von 2405 qkm (43,7 QM.) mit… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Carmarthenshire — a ↑county in southwestern Wales … Dictionary of contemporary English
Carmarthenshire — [kär mär′thən shir΄, kär mär′thənshər] former county of SW Wales, now part of Dyfed … English World dictionary
Carmarthenshire — 51°51′22″N 4°18′38″O / 51.85611, 4.31056 … Wikipédia en Français
Carmarthenshire — /kahr mahr dheuhn shear , sheuhr/, n. a historic county in Dyfed, in S Wales. * * * ▪ county, Wales, United Kingdom also called Carmarthen , Welsh Sir Gaerfyrddin county of southwestern Wales, extending inland from the Bristol Channel.… … Universalium
Carmarthenshire — Sp Karmárdenšyras Ap Carmarthenshire angliškai Ap Sir Gaerfyrddin vališkai L Velso grafystė, Jungtinė Karalystė … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Carmarthenshire — Sp Karmárdenšyras Ap Carmarthenshire angliškai Ap Sir Gaerfyrddin vališkai L Velso grafystė, D. Britanija … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Carmarthenshire — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Carmarthenshire Country and Admin Code GB.WLS.X7 GB … World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II