- Kidwelly Castle
Kidwelly Castle ( _cy. "Castell Cydweli") is an
Anglo-Norman castleoverlooking the river Gwendraethand the town of Kidwelly, Carmarthenshire, Wales.
The present remains of the castle include work from about
1200to about 1476. Created as a defence against the Welsh, the castle fell to the Welsh several times in the twelfth century. Later in its history, it was unsuccessfully besieged by forces of Owain Glyndŵrin 1403 with assistance from soldiers from Franceand Brittanywho captured Kidwelly town. The castle was relieved by an English army after just three weeks. The gatehouse was extensively damaged and it was rebuilt on the instructions of King Henry V. It largely escaped involvement in the English Civil War.
The plan of the castle consists of a square inner
baileydefended by four round towers, which overlook a semi-circular outer curtain wallon the landward side, with the massive gatehousenext to the river. The river prevents this from being a truly concentric plan, however a jutting tower protects the riverside walls, and the final plan is very strong.
Kidwelly was used as a location for the film "
Monty Python and the Holy Grail", appearing in the very first scene after the titles. After our first view of King Arthurand Patsy, a very misty establishing shot shows Kidwelly as their destination. However, the following close up filming was done at Doune Castlein Scotland.
The castle is relatively well-preserved, and is managed by
Cadw(see link below for opening times, etc.).
* [http://www.cadw.wales.gov.uk/default.asp?id=6&PlaceID=82 Cadw page]
* [http://www.castlewales.com/kidwelly.html Kidwelly Castle] (Castles of Wales)
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