St Clears


St Clears

Coordinates: 51°49′14″N 4°30′15″W / 51.82043°N 4.50424°W / 51.82043; -4.50424

St Clears
Welsh: Sanclêr
St Clears is located in Carmarthenshire
St Clears

 St Clears shown within Carmarthenshire
Population 2,820 (2001 census)
OS grid reference SN275165
Principal area Carmarthenshire
Ceremonial county Dyfed
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CARMARTHEN
Postcode district SA33
Dialling code 01994
Police Dyfed-Powys
Fire Mid and West Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Carmarthen West and South Pembrokeshire
List of places: UK • Wales • Carmarthenshire

St Clears (Welsh: Sanclêr) is a small town on the River Tâf in Carmarthenshire, Wales. According to the 2001 UK census, it has a population of 2,820 people, most of whom are Welsh-speaking, although there is a marked difference between the southern and northern ends of the town in percentage terms.

Contents

History

The Norman St Clears Castle was constructed in the twelfth century (the castle mound can still be seen) and the town, which was a Marcher Borough, grew around it. Below the castle there was a port on the river Tâf, which could take ships of up to 500 tons according to a plaque at the site. The castle held out against Owain Glyndŵr.

Nearby Trefenty house became the home of a branch of the Perrot family in the 16th century, and it was here that the amateur astronomer Sir William Lower and a neighbour, John Protheroe, set up one of Britain's first telescopes in 1609, which they used to study the craters of the Moon and Halley's Comet.[1][2]

In 1842, one of the local toll gates was destroyed in the Rebecca Riots.

The building of the railway was responsible for the decline of many of the small ports along the Bristol Channel coast, and St Clears was no exception. The railway passed about 2 miles north of the castle, and new building at the north end of the high street spread eastwards along Pentre Road, and then northwards again to the station. Pentre Road is now the main commercial centre of the town, and was formerly part of the A40 road until construction of the dual carriageway bypass.

The town's Cattle market was important until its closure, but the town still has a large agricultural cooperative store. The town has also hosted an oil distribution centre and milk processing plant. Now smaller industrial units provide the main local employment.

Amenities

The town boasts a variety of local shops including two prize-winning traditional butchers and two craft centres. There are also several pubs some of which are notable for their food.

The surrounding countryside is mainly rolling grassland consisting of moderate sized fields with well kept hedges. The main agricultural enterprise is dairying, but sheep and beef are very important as well. The soils are deep and productive and will grow good crops of potatoes and cereals, and the climate allows fruit growing as well. Although most of the land is farmed commercially the area is a haven for wildlife.

For holiday makers St Clears has a range of Bed & Breakfast, self-catering accommodation and campsites. It is within an hour's drive of two National Parks (Brecon Beacons and Pembrokeshire Coast), the Gower Peninsula AONB and also the main Irish ferry ports (Fishguard and Pembroke Dock).

Railway Station

Trains travel through St Clears, but have not stopped at the town since the 1960s. A local campaign group is attempting to persuade Network Rail to reopen the station.[3]

References

  1. ^ Trefenty: Some Observations and Reflections
  2. ^ The Welsh Academy Encyclopedia of Wales. Cardiff: University of Wales Press 2008
  3. ^ BBC NEWS | South West Wales | Station campaign picks up steam

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Clears — Recorded as Clear, Cleare, Clears and others, this is an English medieval surname. It has two possible origins. It can be a metronymic, that is to say as surname which derives from a female name not the more usual male. In that case it is from… …   Surnames reference

  • clears — klɪə v. clarify, purify; explain; remove objects from a surface or area; exonerate; clean, wash; pass without touching; approve; gain in profit; be clarified adj. pure, free of impurities; obvious, evident; easy to understand, comprehensible;… …   English contemporary dictionary

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  • a cheque clears/is cleared — ► if a cheque clears, or a bank clears it, money is made available because it has been successfully paid from one account to another: »You will not be able to withdraw funds until the bank has cleared your cheque. Main Entry: ↑cheque …   Financial and business terms

  • when the dust clears — is a way to say when everything s finished and the results are seen.  ( When the dust settles is also used) …   The small dictionary of idiomes

  • Saint Clears — Original name in latin Saint Clears Name in other language Sancler, Sanclr State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 51.81989 latitude 4.49783 altitude 7 Population 1605 Date 2008 06 11 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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  • vision clears — see ↑clear, 2 • • • Main Entry: ↑vision …   Useful english dictionary


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