infobox UK place
country = Wales
population= 46,358 [Llanelli Urban Area, Census, 2001]
postcode_district = SA14-15
dial_code= 01554, 01267 [Some Rural Areas of SA14 have dialling code 01267, such as Cross Hands]
website= [http://www.llanellitowncouncil.gov.uk llanellitowncouncil.co.uk]
Llanelli (English: "Church of St. Elli"), "pron." [ɬaˈnɛɬi] , the largest
townin the countyof Carmarthenshire, in south-west Wales, sits on the Loughor estuaryon the West Walescoast, approximately convert|13|mi|km west of the city of Swanseaand convert|12|mi|km east of the administrative town of Carmarthen. Amongst other things, it is famous for its proud rugby tradition. Formerly an industrial town, its now the focus of large residential, leisure and retail developments.
Llanelli is also surrounded by many small villages and communities known collectively as
Llanelli Rural. A large proportion of these communities, more notably those that immediately surround the town are often unofficially referred to as Llanelli. [http://www.carmarthenshire.gov.uk/eng/index.asp?locID=3865&docID=-1 Carmarthenshire County Council: Area and density of Community Wards] ]
Timeline of Llanelli history"Historically a minor town, Llanelli grew significantly in the 18th centuryand 19th centurywith the miningof coaland later the tinplate industry and steelworks. Many of these industries were served by the Llanelly and Mynydd Mawr Railwaywhich opened in 1803.
Llanelli became such a significant regional producer of tin that it was referred to as "Tinopolis" by the latter half of the 19th century. The closure of coal mines and competition from overseas steel plants meant that Llanelli, like many other towns in southern
Wales, saw significant and sustained economic decline from the late 1970s.
Llanelli has a proud brewing tradition, with the Felinfoel brewery in
Felinfoel, located just outside the town. [http://www.felinfoel-brewery.com/ Felinfoel Brewery official site] ]
The Reverend James Buckley was an ordained
Methodistminister, born in Oldham, Lancashirein 1770. After moving to Llanelli towards the end of the 17th century, he became involved in the establishment of a small breweryin the town. After the death of the owner, the Rev. Buckley came into the possession of the brewery and changed its name to Buckley’s Brewery. In 1998, the brewery was purchased by Brains Brewery, and production was transferred to their Cardiffbrewery. However, Brains continue to produce "The Reverend James", a bitter named in memory of the Reverend. [http://www.page-net.com/swansea.localhistory/gorseinon/pages/revjames.htm Gorseinon: An odd name for a pub] ]
Rugby Union -
Stradey Parkis the rugby unionground, home to the Llanelli Scarletsand regional club Llanelli RFC. It was one of the stadiums used during the 1999 Rugby World Cup, hosting the Argentina v Western Samoa game on October 10. Stradey Park is now being re-developed and the Llanelli Scarlets will have a new home at the newly built " Parc y Scarlets" in Pemberton.
The Welsh folk song "
Sosban Fach" ("Little Saucepan") is mostly associated with Llanelli RFC. Many rugby clubs have notable scalps collected from touring international sides, but on 31 October 1972, Llanelli claimed perhaps the greatest by beating the New Zealand All Blacks. The Scarlets side emerged 9-3 [10–3 in today's scoring system.] winners at Stradey Park. The celebrations continued in the town's drinking dens late into the evening and it truly was the day when the pubs ran dry in the town of Llanelli .
There is also a strong junior rugby core in Llanelli, including club sides such as Felinfoel, New Dock Stars and the Llanelli Wanderers. In 2005, Coedcae School won the Inter-Schools Cup of Wales with an 8 - 5 victory over Brynteg Comprehensive.
Rugby League - Llanelli's
rugby leagueclub are called the West Wales Sharksand play in the Welsh Conference Premier.
Stebonheath Parkis the home of football club Llanelli A.F.C.. Although Llanelli has a rich rugby heritage, football is also a very popular pastime. As a result there are many active local football teams such Trostre Sports AFC, which is one of the area's best local football teams.
Bowls - Llanelli hosts the annual Welsh International Open, which is part of the World
BowlsTour. The event is held at the Selwyn Samuel Centre.
Golf - The Llanelli area has three
golf courses, including the Machynys Peninsula Golf & Country Club, [ [http://www.machynys.com/index.php/ Machynys Peninsula Golf & Country Club] ] which is and has been the host of the Wales Ladies Championship of Europesince 2005.
Motorsports - The
Pembrey Circuitis known as the home of Welsh Motorsport, providing racing for cars, motorcycles, karts and trucks.
The town has its own radio station,
Scarlet FMand newspaper, the Llanelli Star.
Llanelli is home to
Tinopolis, one of the UK’s largest independent media producers. The company has many subsidiaries, which produce over 2,500 hours of broadcast television, including English languagetelevision programs such as Question Time for the BBCand Welsh languagetelevision programs such as Wedi 7for S4C. [ [http://www.tinopolis.com/ Tinopolis] ]
Llanelli was the focus of popular TV show "Most Haunted Live" in June 2006 for a three-night investigation with
Yvette Fieldingand David Wells. The programme was brought to the town by Llanelli's resident paranormal investigation team Ghost Watch Walesand included a stay at Parc Howard Masion, Llanelly house and Kidwellycastle.
Leisure and tourism
Over the past decade, the emphasis on heavy industry that once played an important part in the district has changed to an emphasis on creating tertiary sector employment in leisure and tourism. Llanelli is now being developed as a leisure and tourism destination, with many ongoing developments such as the new Llanelli Scarlets rugby stadium, the Old Castle Works leisure village (see below) and a National Hunt racecorse at
Ffos Lasnear Trimsaran[ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/south_west/6288880.stm National Hunt Racecourse at Ffos Las, Trimsaran] .]
Some local attractions include:-
Millennium Coastal Path, which spans 21 km (13 miles) of coastline from Loughorto Pembrey, offers views of the Gower peninsulaand the opportunity for traffic-free cycling.
Pembrey Country Parkis situated on the outskirts of Llanelli, and consists of about 2 km² (500 acres) of parkland. Cefn Sidan, a beach within the park that has won the coveted Blue Flag award, is approximately 13 km (8 miles) long and half a mile to the sea at its narrowest at low tide. It also has a lifeguard-patrolled area.
WWT National Wetlands Centre, located about convert|1|mi|km|sing=on east of Llanelli, is one of nine wetland nature reserves managed by the Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust.
Llanelly Houseis one of Llanelli's most historical properties, an excellent example of an early 18th century Georgian town house. The house, located directly opposite the parish church, is currently in a poor state of repair, however the town councilhas recently purchased it with plans to completely restore the house for civicand public use. The then Member of Parliamentfor Carmarthenshire, Thomas Stepneyoriginally built the house in 1714. It is written that John Wesley, the early leader of the Methodist movement, stayed at the house several times during his many visits to the town. The house was also featured in the first series of the BBC televisionshow, Restoration.
Kidwelly Castle, Kidwelly. (approx. convert|10|mi|km west of Llanelli)
Burry PortMarina (approx. convert|3|mi|km west of Llanelli)
Parc Howard Museum[http://www.carmarthenshire.gov.uk/eng/index.asp?docID=824 Park Howard Museum] ] is set in the grounds of Park Howard. The museum houses a collection of Llanelli Pottery an art collection and material related to the history of the town.
* [http://gardenofwales.org.uk/] , the
National Botanic Garden of Wales(approx. convert|10|mi|km north of Llanelli)
Gower peninsula. Penclawddin north west Gower is located about convert|3|mi|km across the estuary. Much of the west Gower can be seen from the coast along Llanelli.
Theatre Elli, the town's only theatre so far, is part of the Llanelli EntertainmentCentre. [ [http://www.carmarthenshiretheatres.co.uk/ Llanelli Entertainment Centre] ] It is one of the few recreational facilities in the town at the moment, however there are plans currently under development for a multi-screen cinema, an arts theatre (likely to replace Theatre Elli) and
ten pin bowlingon the former Old Castle Works site located near North Dock and Sandy. [ [http://www.wda.co.uk/index.cfm/llanelli_waterside/old_castle_works/en10114 Plans for cultural district at Old Castle Works] ] Millions of pounds are also being spent on regenerating the town centre shopping district. [ [http://www.sirgar.gov.uk/agendas/eng/RLSC20060619/REP07_01.HTM County Council Report on Regeneration Masterplan] ] These plans are in addition to "Parc y Scarlets".
Throughout the year, there are many festivals,
carnivals and events held in or near Llanelli. Some of these include:-
*Welsh International Open, a competition of the World Bowls Tour (February)
half marathon[ [http://www.llanellihalfmarathon.co.uk/ Llanelli half marathon website] ] (March)
triathlon- Organised by Clwb Triathlon Llanelli [ [http://www.llanellitriathlon.org.uk/ Llanelli Triaethlon Club] ] (May)
KidwellyCarnival and Airshow - held at nearby Kidwelly[ [http://www.kidwelly.gov.uk/content/carnival.htm Kidwelly Carnival & Airshow 2006 website] ] (July)
*Wales Ladies Championship of Europe -
golftournament [ [http://www.ladieseuropeantour.com/content/let_schedule.php?ID=4787 Ladies European Tour 2006 Schedule] ] (August)
*Into the Future Festival - educational event about the environment and technology, organised by the
county council[ [http://www.carmarthenshire.gov.uk/ccc_apps/FutureFestival/index.html ItFF 2006 website] ] (August)
*Llanelli Big Day Out - pop and
live musicevent [ [http://www.carmarthenshire.gov.uk/ccc_apps/bigdayout/index.html LBDO 2006 website] ] (August)
Beer Festival- official CAMRAevent [ [http://www.carmarthenshire.gov.uk/ccc_apps/beerfestival/real%20ale%20.html LBF 2006 website] ] (August)
Latitude and Longitude: coord|51|41|N|04|09|W| (51.68, -4.16) (
Nearby towns and cities (closest - furthest):
Burry Port, Gowerton, Kidwelly, Carmarthen, Swansea, Whitland, Neath, Tenby.
The town lies on the
river Lliedi, although much of the river is not visible, most especially in the town centre, where the river is completely covered by roads and buildings.
Llanelli is located on the south coast of
West Wales, but is linked to many national locations via good road, rail and air services. The town is linked to the M4 motorwayvia the A4138. There is also a link to Swanseavia the Loughor bridgeon the A484. Llanelli is served by regular local bus services between Swanseaand Carmarthenand National ExpressCoaches between many major UK destinations.
Rail provides an important link to the town via
Llanelli railway stationwhich is located at Great Western Crescent south of the Town Centre. The station is connected to Fishguardand Swanseaalong the West Wales Line. The station is also the terminus of the Heart of Wales Line, which connects the town to Mid Walesand Leominsterand Shrewsburyvia the Welsh Marches Line. There are twice daily train services connecting the town with London Paddingtonand regular services to Cardiff Central, and Manchester Piccadilly. The district of Llanelli is also served by four local railway stations at Bynea, Llangennech, Burry Port and Kidwelly.
Cycling to Llanelli is another option as the town is connected to the
National Cycle Networkfrom the north on NCR 43, and along the coast from the east and west on NCR 4. [ [http://www.sustrans.org.uk/default.asp?sRegion=Wales&map.x=-4.13520502149661&map.y=51.6805059106255&bLarge=&nZoom=5 Sustrans] ] These routes are directly connected to the town centre via a cycle path.
The nearest passenger airport is
Cardiff International Airport(50 miles) although there is a nearby minor airport at Pembrey.
Primary and secondary
Llanelli has the same standard education model as most of
Waleswhere Welsh medium and English medium students are segregated into different schools. The majority of children attend the English medium schools. The English medium secondary schools are St. John Lloyd's, Bryngwyn, Glan-y-Môr ( Burry Port), and Coedcae.
There is also a network of Welsh medium
primary schools (that include nursery classes), which feed into the only Welsh medium secondary school, Ysgol Gyfun y Strade (Stradey High School).
There is also a special school for children with disabilities based at Heol Goffa School, and a public school, St. Michael’s, based in the Bryn area.
Further and higher education
Coleg Sir Gâr(Carmarthenshire College) has its main campus at Graig near Pwll. It provides a college education for most of the towns further education students as well as a limited variety of vocational undergraduate degrees through the University of Wales. There are also sixth formcollages at Ysgol Gyfun y Strade (Welsh medium) and St. Michael’s (English medium).
Prince Phillip Hospital is also home to a postgraduate centre for medical training run by Cardiff University’s School of Postgraduate Medical and Dental Education. [ [http://www.cardiff.ac.uk/pgmde/pg_centres/postgrad_llanelli.htm Llanelli Postgraduate Centre] ]
Etymology of Llanelli
Pronunciation and spelling
The town's name is often mispronounced by non Welsh people, particularly those from outside the UK. The "ll"s in the name are pronounced as
voiceless alveolar lateral fricatives (IPA symbol [ɬ] ), a phonemethat does not exist in English. In England, where many people are aware that "ll" is not the same as "l" but are unable to pronounce it quite correctly, it is common to hear "Llanelli" approximated as "Clanethli".
'Llanelli' or 'Llanelly'
The spelling 'Llanelly' is an anglicised form which was used in government and official documents until 1965. This is evident in the name of the local historic building, 'Llanelly House'. It can also lead to confusion with the village and parish,
Llanelly, which is in south-east Wales near Abergavenny.
Facts and figures
United Kingdom Census 2001the population of both the town of Llanelli and Llanelli rural was recorded as 44,475.
*People from Llanelli are sometimes nicknamed "Turks". The origin of this name is uncertain. One theory is that many Turkish sailors once called at the port of Llanelli during their voyages.
*It is also recorded that almost 47% of the population have a combination of skills in the
Welsh language. [ [http://www.carmarthenshire.gov.uk/eng/index.asp?locID=4473&docID=-1 Census 2001 results] ] However, according to the 2001 census, only 29.69% of the population of Llanelli town are able to speak Welsh.
*Llanelli has hosted the
National Eisteddfodfive times: in 1895, 1903, 1930, 1962, and 2000.
*Llanelli was the focus of TV show "Most Haunted Live" in June 2006 for a three-night investigation with Yvette Fielding and David Wells.
*The first Welsh medium
primary school, Ysgol Dewi Sant was established in Llanelli in 1947 by the Local Authority.
*During the 1950s, Trefor and Eileen Beasley campaigned to get
Llanelli Rural Councilto distribute tax papers in Welsh by refusing to pay taxes until their demand was met. The council reacted by sending in the bailiffs and selling their furniture to recover the money owed. Fortunately, their neighbours bought the furniture and returned it to them. The council finally reversed this policy during the 1960s when they accepted that the Welsh language should be equal with the English language.
* [http://www.llanelli-rural.gov.uk/ Llanelli Rural Council]
* [http://www.llanellitowncouncil.gov.uk/ Llanelli Town Council]
* [http://www.sirgar.gov.uk/ Carmarthenshire County Council] Guide to Council-run services/Attractions in Llanelli
* [http://www.thisissouthwales.co.uk/displayNode.jsp?nodeId=162955&command=newPage Llanelli Star] Local newspaper
* [http://www.scarletfm.com/ Scarlet FM] Local radio station
* [http://www.tinopolis.com Tinopolis] Llanelli based independent media producers
* [http://www.llanellitown.com Llanellitown.com ] Online Business Directory for Llanelli Town Centre
* [http://www.onebiggarden.com/Places_To_Visit/Millenium_Coastal_Park-P2-22.aspx Millennium Coastal Park] General information including facilities and contact details
* [http://www.llanellicommunityheritage.org/ Llanelli Community Heritage] Society dedicated to heritage and buildings preservation within the Llanelli community
* [http://www.firstgroup.com/ukbus/wales/swwales/home/index.php Bus timetables]
* [http://www.geograph.org.uk/search.php?i=2737843 www.geograph.co.uk : photos of Llanelli and surrounding area]
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