- Llansteffan Castle
Llansteffan Castle is a
castleoverlooking the River Tywias it enters Carmarthen Baynear the village of Llansteffanin Carmarthenshire, Wales.
The castle sits on a much older
Neolithic promontory fort, proving Llansteffan has been inhabited, and perhaps of strategic importance, since the New Stone Age. The hill's summit can only be reached from one side, and the hill where the castle/fort stands commands the entrance to the River Tywi(unlike today, the hill would have been stripped of trees to make foot soldiers vulnerable to archers). The original earthworks can still be seen and were used as part of the modern castle's defence system--the castle proper rests within the earthwork rings.
It was built by the
Normansafter 1100 as part of their invasion of Wales.
The castle was captured by
Rhys ap Gruffyddin 1146against the forces of Maurice FitzGerald and his brother William FitzGerald, Lord of Llanstephan and Lord of Emlyn respectively and effectively the leaders of the Anglo-Normansettlers of the region. The castle was later retaken by the Normans. Llywelyn the Greatrecaptured the castle for the Welsh in 1215.
castlewas taken and captured by the forces of Owain Glyndwrand held against the English until 1403 when it was taken back into English hands by Sir John Pennes, who was shortly himself captured but back in charge of the castle by 1408. It is rumoured that a secret passage leads from the castle to the nearby Plas Mansion.
As castles go, Llansteffan is fairly simple and somewhat minor, and there is extensive damage done to all sections. Nevertheless, the castle has proven a major tourist draw for the fact that it is not on a grand scale such as nearby Pembroke Castle.
The site is near the Well of
St. Davidand Plas Llanstephan.
* [http://www.geograph.org.uk/search.php?i=2767984 www.geograph.co.uk : photos of Llansteffan Castle]
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