Montgomeryshire


Montgomeryshire
Montgomeryshire
Welsh: Sir Drefaldwyn
WalesMontgomeryshireTrad.png
Ancient extent of Montgomeryshire
Geography
1831 area 483,323 acres (1,955.94 km2)
HQ Newport
Chapman code MGY
History
Succeeded by Powys
Demography
1831 population
- 1831 density
66,482[1]
0.1/acre
Politics
Governance Montgomeryshire County Council (1889-1974)

Montgomeryshire, also known as Maldwyn (Welsh: Sir Drefaldwyn) is one of thirteen historic counties and a former administrative county of Wales. Montgomeryshire is still used as a vice-county for wildlife recording. It is named after one of William the Conqueror's main counsellors, Roger de Montgomerie, who was the 1st Earl of Shrewsbury.

Montgomeryshire constitutes the northern part of the principal area of Powys (except a few communities added to Powys in 1996 that are within the historic boundaries of Denbighshire). The population of this Montgomeryshire area was 59,474 according to the 2001 census.[2]

Montgomery is considered the county town, though the administrative functions were shared with Machynlleth. The borders of Montgomeryshire correspond roughly to the medieval kingdom of Powys Wenwynwyn. It is also the birth place of Saint Richard Gwyn.

The county flower of Montgomeryshire is Spergula arvensis (also called corn spurrey).

Contents

History

The county is bounded to the north by Denbighshire, to the east and south east by Shropshire, to the south by Radnorshire, to the south west by Cardiganshire and to the west and north west by Merionethshire. It was formed under the Laws in Wales Acts 1535-1542. Its cantrefi included:

  • Cyfeiliog
  • Arwystli
  • Mawddwy
  • Mochnant
  • Deuddwy
  • Ystrad Marchell
  • Gorddwr

It also included the Lordships of Cydewain and Mechain

Geography

The area is almost wholly mountainous, although there are some fertile valleys in the east. The highest point is Cadair Berwyn at 2,723 ft (830 m). Its main rivers are the River Severn and the River Dyfi. Lake Vyrnwy is a reservoir supplying Liverpool.

The main towns are Llanfyllin, Machynlleth, Llanidloes, Montgomery, Newtown and Welshpool. The main industries are agriculture (mainly hill farming) and tourism.

Places of special interest:

Memorable Montgomeryshire

To walk up and down through Wales, following Offa's Dyke Path, the Marches Way, the Cambrian Way or Glyndŵr's Way one must at some point travel through Montgomeryshire as it is the only county that stretches from the English border to the Dovey estuary at Cardigan Bay, east to west.

See also

References

Coordinates: 52°35′N 3°30′W / 52.583°N 3.5°W / 52.583; -3.5


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Montgomeryshire — Montgomeryshire …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Montgomeryshire — Montgomeryshire, uno de los tradicionales condados de Gales Montgomeryshire o Maldwyn (en galés: Sir Drefaldwyn) es uno de los trece condados históricos de Gales, en la isla de Gran Bretaña en el Reino Unido. Limita al norte y al noroccidente con …   Wikipedia Español

  • Montgomeryshire — (spr. möntgömmerĭ schĭr, welsch: Maldwyn), Grafschaft im engl. Fürstentum Wales, zwischen Merioneth , Denbigh , Shrop , Radnor und Cardiganshire, umfaßt 2064 qkm (37,5 QM.) mit (1901) 54,901 Einw. (26 auf 1 qkm), wovon 15,6 Proz. nur Welsch, 31,9 …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Montgomeryshire —   [mənt gʌmərɪʃɪə], ehemalige County in Wales, seit 1974 Teil der County Powys …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Montgomeryshire — [mont gom er yshir΄, mont gom er yshər] former county of central Wales, now mostly in Powys county: also Montgomery …   English World dictionary

  • Montgomeryshire — /mont gum euh ree shear , sheuhr, gum ree /, n. a historic county in Powys, in central Wales. Also called Montgomery. * * * ▪ former county, Wales, United Kingdom Welsh  Sir Drefaldwyn        historic county of north central Wales, along the… …   Universalium

  • montgomeryshire — mən(t)ˈ ̷ ̷( ̷ ̷) ̷ ̷ˌshi(ə)r, shər, män(t) sometimes ˌmən(t) adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Montgomeryshire or Montgomery, county in Wales : of or from the county of Montgomery, Wales : of the kind or style prevalent in… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Montgomeryshire — geographical name see Montgomery III, 2 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Montgomeryshire — noun An inland traditional county of Wales, bounded to the north by Denbighshire, to the east and southeast by Shropshire, to the south by Radnorshire, to the southwest by Cardiganshire and to the west and northwest by Merionethshire …   Wiktionary

  • MONTGOMERYSHIRE —    (58), a North Wales inland county, surrounded by Merioneth, Cardigan, Radnor, Salop, and Denbigh; is chiefly a stretch of mountain pasture land, which rises to 2500 ft. at Plinlimmon, and in which the Severn rises; but in the E. are well… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia


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