- Lower Sorbian language
Lower Sorbian Dolnoserbski, Dolnoserbšćina Pronunciation [ˈdɔlnɔˌsɛrskʲi] Spoken in Germany Region Brandenburg Native speakers 7,000 (1995) Language family Writing system Latin (Sorbian alphabet) Language codes ISO 639-2 dsb ISO 639-3 dsb Linguasphere 53-AAA-ba < 53-AAA-b <53-AAA-b...-d (varieties: 53-AAA-baa to 53-AAA-bah) This page contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.
Lower Sorbian (Dolnoserbski) is a Slavic minority language spoken in eastern Germany in the historical province of Lower Lusatia, today part of Brandenburg. It is one of the two literary Sorbian languages, the other being Upper Sorbian.
The phonology of Lower Sorbian has been greatly influenced by contact with German, especially in Cottbus and larger towns. For example, German-influenced pronunciation tends to have a voiced uvular fricative [ʁ] instead of the alveolar trill [r], and a "clear" [l] that is not especially palatalized instead of [lʲ]. In villages and rural areas German influence is less marked, and the pronunciation is more "typically Slavic".
Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Alveolo-palatal Palatal Velar Glottal plain pal. plain pal. plain pal. plain pal. Plosive voiceless p pʲ t k kʲ voiced b bʲ d ɡ ɡʲ Affricate voiceless t͡s t͡ʃ t͡ɕ voiced d͡ʒ d͡ʑ Nasal m mʲ n nʲ Fricative voiceless f fʲ s ʃ ɕ x h voiced v vʲ z ʒ ʑ Rhotic r rʲ Approximant lʲ j
- /dub/ "oak" is pronounced [dup]
- /susedka/ "(female) neighbor" is pronounced [susetka]
- /lʲit͡sba/ "number" is pronounced [lʲid͡zba]
The postalveolar fricative /ʃ/ is assimilated to [ɕ] before /t͡ɕ/:
- /ʃt͡ɕit/ "protection" is pronounced [ɕt͡ɕit]
The vowel phonemes are as follows:
Monophthongs Front Central Back Close i ɨ u Open-mid ɛ ɔ Open a Diphthongs Centering Ending
Starting close iɪ ij ɨj uj iw ɨw uw Starting mid ej ɔj ɛw ow Starting open aj aw
In loanwords, stress may fall on any of the last three syllables:
- internat /intɛrˈnat/ "boarding school"
- kontrola /kɔnˈtrɔlʲa/ "control"
- september /sɛpˈtɛmbɛr/ "September"
- policija /pɔˈlʲitsija/ "police"
- organizacija /ɔrɡanʲiˈzatsija/ "organization"
- Lower Sorbian language at Ethnologue
- (German) (Lower Sorbian) Dolnoserbski radio program (RealAudio)
- Lower Sorbian Vocabulary List (from the World Loanword Database)
- (German) (Lower Sorbian) Lexikalische Übungen
Slavic languages History West Slavic East Slavic South Slavic Constructed languagesPan-Slavic language (Slovianski · Slovio) Separate dialects and
Slavic microlanguagesItalics indicate extinct languages.
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