Glottal consonant


Glottal consonant

Glottal consonants are consonants articulated with the glottis. Many phoneticians consider them, or at least the so-called fricatives, to be transitional states of the glottis without a point of articulation as other consonants have; in fact, some do not consider them to be consonants at all. However, the glottal stop at least behaves as a typical consonant in languages such as Tsou.

Glottal consonants in the International Phonetic Alphabet:

The "fricatives" are not true fricatives. This is a historical usage of the word. They instead represent transitional states of the glottis (phonation) without a specific place of articulation. IPA| [h] is a voiceless transition. IPA| [ɦ] is a breathy-voiced transition, and could be transcribed as IPA| [h̤] .

The glottal stop occurs in many languages. Often all vocalic onsets are preceded by a glottal stop, for example in German. The Hawaiian language writes the glottal stop as an opening single quote . Some alphabets use diacritics for the glottal stop, such as hamza <ء> in the Arabic alphabet; in many languages of Mesoamerica, the Latin letter is used for glottal stop.

Because the glottis is necessarily closed for the glottal stop, it cannot be voiced.

ee also

* Glottalic consonant
* Place of articulation
* List of phonetics topics

References

*SOWL


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Glottal — can mean: *related to the glottis. *related to the vocal folds. *glottal consonant. *related to glottalization …   Wikipedia

  • glottal stop — ► NOUN ▪ a consonant formed by the audible release of the airstream after complete closure of the glottis …   English terms dictionary

  • Consonant — Not to be confused with the musical concept of consonance For the alternative rock group, see Consonant (band). Places of articulation Labial Bilabial Labial–velar Labial–coronal Labiodental …   Wikipedia

  • Glottal stop — This article is about the sound in spoken language. For the letter, see glottal stop (letter). Pronunciation, and representation in phonetics/linguisticsThe glottal stop, or more fully, the voiceless glottal plosive, is a type of consonantal… …   Wikipedia

  • glottal stop — noun a stop consonant articulated by releasing pressure at the glottis; as in the sudden onset of a vowel • Syn: ↑glottal plosive, ↑glottal catch • Hypernyms: ↑stop consonant, ↑stop, ↑occlusive, ↑plosive consonant, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • glottal catch — noun a stop consonant articulated by releasing pressure at the glottis; as in the sudden onset of a vowel (Freq. 1) • Syn: ↑glottal stop, ↑glottal plosive • Hypernyms: ↑stop consonant, ↑stop, ↑occlusive, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • glottal plosive — noun a stop consonant articulated by releasing pressure at the glottis; as in the sudden onset of a vowel • Syn: ↑glottal stop, ↑glottal catch • Hypernyms: ↑stop consonant, ↑stop, ↑occlusive, ↑plosive consonant, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • glottal stop — Phonet. 1. a plosive consonant whose occlusion and release are accomplished chiefly at the glottis, as in the Scottish articulation of the t sound of little, bottle, etc. 2. a stop consonant, without release, having glottal occlusion as a… …   Universalium

  • consonant — I (Roget s IV) n. Linguistic terms referring to consonant sounds include: voiceless, voiced; labial, bilabial, labiodental, apical, dental, alveolar, retroflex, frontal, alveopalatal, prepalatal, dorsal, palatal, velar, uvular, glottal,… …   English dictionary for students

  • consonant — Synonyms and related words: accented, accordant, according, affirmative, agreeable, agreeing, alike, allophone, alveolar, answerable, apical, apico alveolar, apico dental, articulated, articulation, aspiration, assimilated, assimilation, assonant …   Moby Thesaurus


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.