Chittening


Chittening

Coordinates: 51°31′44″N 2°40′30″W / 51.529°N 2.675°W / 51.529; -2.675

Chittening
Chittening is located in Bristol
Chittening

 Chittening shown within Bristol
OS grid reference ST532813
Unitary authority Bristol
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRISTOL
Postcode district BS11
Dialling code 0117
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Avon
Ambulance Great Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Bristol North West
List of places: UK • England • Bristol

Chittening is an industrial estate 2 miles north of Avonmouth, Bristol, England on the A403 road, near the River Severn. It lies within the Bristol city boundary.

Contents

History

Chittening was once a farm, historically in the parish of Henbury. In the First World War a munitions factory was built on the site, where cylinders and shells were filled with chloropicrin and, from June 1918, with mustard gas.[1]

The industrial estate (or "trading estate") developed after the war, under the management of the Port of Bristol Authority. In 1951 a factory producing carbon black was built next to the estate, and operated until 2008 when its closure was announced.[2]

Between 1917 and 1964 Chittening was served by Chittening Platform railway station.

Name

Chittening was first recorded in 1658 as Chitnend. The name apparently comes from the Middle English chitten ende, meaning "end [of a parish or estate] where there are the young of animals".[3]

Chittening Warth

Chittening Warth is an area of salt marsh beside the Severn Estuary, just to the west of the industrial estate. At low tide the mudflats there are visited by large numbers of birds, including Dunlin, Eurasian Curlew, Eurasian Oystercatcher, Common Redshank and Whimbrel. In some winters there are large populations of field voles, which attract Short-eared Owls.[4]

Transport

Chittening is served by St Andrews Road railway station.

References

  1. ^ Haber L.F. (1986) The Poisonous Cloud Oxford University Press ISBN 978 0198581420 Chapter 10
  2. ^ Bristol Evening Post, 3 December 2008
  3. ^ Smith, A.H. (1964) Place Names of Gloucestershire Vol.3 p.138 Cambridge University Press
  4. ^ Bristol City Council Biodiversity Action Plan: Estuarine habitats

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