- Lodge Hill, Bristol
infobox UK place
country = England
official_name= Lodge Hill, Bristol
region= South West England
constituency_westminster= Bristol East
post_town= BRISTOL|postcode_district = BS
postcode_area= BS|dial_code= 0117
Lodge Hill is a hill and residential area of
Bristol, England. It separates the large outer urban areas of Fishpondsand Kingswood, and Cossham Memorial Hospitalat its peak is the highest point in Bristol at 369 ft (112 m). It has a population of 1,709 (est). [ [http://www.bristol.gov.uk/ccm/cms-service/stream/asset/?asset_id=25505033 Bristol City Council: 2006 Population Estimates by Lower Layer Super Output Area.] Retrieved on 2008-06-26.]
Lodge Hill once had commanding views of the
Royal Forestof Kingswood, known to have been used by kings for hunting since Saxon times. Reached by Lodge Causewayat the top of the hill once stood King John’s Lodge or Kingswood Lodge, named after its most famous resident [ [http://weldgen.tripod.com/suburbs/id8.html Suburbs of Bristol 1928, Fishponds.] Retrieved on 2007-11-19.] . A lodge is thought to have existed since the 13th century, certainly a two-storey building existed before 1610. During the mid to late 1800s an old iron smelting tower was incorporated into the building and it was known as Kingswood Castle [ [http://www.bristolhistory.com/kingswood-archives.html/ Kingswood Archives.] Retrieved on 2007-11-19.] , by now a substantial building with castellated roof lines. At one time is was used as a windmilland in 1928 the cellar still contained the vault of the original tower which had very thick walls and an underground passage which led to Hill House, overlooking Staple Hill. It was pulled down soon afterwards.
The area around Lodge Hill was studded by coalpits, where the deepest was reported as 600 ft (183 m) deep in 1793 [ [http://bristolhistory.com/trapped-in-a-coalpit.html/ Kingswood Miners.] Retrieved on 2007-11-19.] . A large coalpit known as the Kingswood Lodge Coalpit once existing on the hill between Cossham Memorial Hospital and Charlton Road. On 11 Apr 1833, five boys were rescued there after being trapped for six nights. The pit, belonging to Messrs. Brain & Co had an even more serious incident six years later when 11 workers died after water flooded the pit.
In 1900 G.B. Britton & Sons [ [http://weldgen.tripod.com/id3.html/ GB Britton & Sons.] Retrieved on 2007-11-19.] , left their original premises in Waters Road, Kingswood, and set up a larger factory on Lodge Road. In 1914 the factory was further expanded to provide army boots in the
First World Warand at its peak just before the Second World Waremployed 11,000 people. In 1941, the factory on Lodge road was requisitioned by the Ministry of Aircraft Productionto built aircraft components. Boot and shoe manufacturing resumed in 1945 and included the TUF boot exported and manufactured widely overseas leading to a second factory on Lodge Road built in 1959. Manufacturing ended and the factory finally shut in 2001 [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/1721223.stm/ BBC News, Shoe makers lose city foothold.] Retrieved on 2007-11-19.] , under the ownership of the UK Safe group who have relocated the sales and operations elsewhere in Bristol.
Pubs and facilities
public houseon Lodge Road serves the area, and is well known for its live music. GB Britton’s Lawn bowlingClub still exists on Ingleside Road, and the small park abreast Lodge Hill has great views of East Bristol.
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