- Stapleton, Bristol
infobox UK place
country = England
region= South West England
constituency_westminster= Bristol East
postcode_district = BS
Stapleton is an area in the north-eastern
suburbs of the cityof Bristol, England.
parishof Stapleton covered Fishpondsand Eastvilleand was originally within Kingswood Forest. The Saxon hamlet of Stapleton, first documented in 1208, stood at the edge of the forest, just north of the River Frome. Finds of Roman coins point to even earlier habitation. Even in the 18th century it was still heavily wooded.
The hamlet was donated to
Tewkesbury Abbeyin 1174 by William, Earl of Gloucester. By the late 16th century it was the property of the Berkeley family of Stoke Gifford, and was passed down to the Duke of Beaufortwho retained the estate until the early 20th century, selling it in 1917.
Coalwas mined in the area, there being some 70 pits by 1700, and vast numbers of local men were employed throughout the 18th century. In the 1890s the mines produced a thousand tons per day.
Stapleton was inclosed in 1781, Stapleton Common being sold as 9 lots, mostly to the Duke of Beaufort.
Frances Milton, the mother of
Anthony Trollopewas born in the village in 1780, and Sarah Young, the mother of Thomas Chattertonwas also born there.
The village grew steadily; in the 1871
censusthere were 6,960 inhabitants and by 1901 that had risen to 21,236.
In 1863 a
cricketclub was formed, its most famous player being Dr. William Gilbert Grace who played for Gloucestershire and England. At Purdowna football team called the "Black Arabs" were to become Bristol Rovers. (Purdown is reputedly haunted by the ghostof a Duchessof Beaufort who was struck by lightning, though many believe she died in a tragic horse riding accident.)
Also in the 19th century two lines of the
Great Western Railwaywere built through the area, meeting at Stapleton Road railway stationwhich was opened on 8 September1863. Tramways were also built, horsedrawn at first, but then electric - they reached Fishponds in 1897.
Trinity Chapel was dedicated in 1821, being renamed as St Mary’s Parish Church in 1869. Holy Trinity Church is Norman and registers survive from 1720. It was rebuilt in 1857 and has a 170 ft
spire. The church of St Thomas the Apostle in Eastville was consecrated in 1889 but is now a Pentecostalhall.
Stapleton is home to
Colston's School, a co-educational independent school.
* [http://www.churchcrawler.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/draperpm/stpltn.htm Stapleton parish church] (Holy Trinity) – with photographs
* [http://www.holytrinitystapleton.org.uk/ Holy Trinity Stapleton parish]
* GENUKI [http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/GLS/Stapleton/index.html Stapleton]
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