infobox UK place
country = England
population = 10,000
region= South West England
constituency_westminster= Bristol North West (UK Parliament constituency)
postcode_district = BS34
Patchway is a town in
South Gloucestershire, England, situated some 10 km (6 miles) northwest of the city of Bristol. Its purpose was a housing overflow for Bristol. The town is contiguous to Bristol's urban area and is often regarded as a large outer suburb. Nearby are the other Bristol satellite towns of Filtonand Bradley Stoke. Patchway is twinned with Clermont l'Herault, Franceand Gauting, Germany. It was established as a civil parishin 1953, becoming separate from the parish of nearby Almondsbury.
Nearby locations and businesses
Patchway lies just north of
Filton Airfield, where Rolls-Royce, BAE Systemsand Airbus UKare major aerospaceemployers. The town comprises three areas: Patchway Estate, Stoke Lodgeand Aztec West.
Housing in Patchway Estate lies northwest of the main London-South Wales railway line. Coniston Road circles the estate, where many of the streets are named after birds and trees. Patchway Trading Estate is adjacent to the dual carriageway linking the A38 and M5. The mall and two retail parks at
Cribbs Causeway, just north of Filton airfield, form the largest shopping centrein South West England.
On the opposite side of the railway track is the Stoke Lodge housing estate. The A38 trunk road, upgraded to a dual carriageway in the mid-1970s, separates the two housing estates.
Aztec West, an office and warehouse park, is situated on the northern fringes of the town, sandwiched between Patchway Estate and Stoke Lodge. Although the
CEGBPension Fund started the park in the early 1980s, it is now owned by Arlington. New phases of this development are being built.
Patchway Greenway is a semi-rural footpath which leads from Patchway Common eastwards to Bradley Stoke. On the north-west fringe of Patchway Estate, a none excetant footbridge passes over the M5 motorway, down over the Severn Escarpment and into the village of Over.
Patchway railway stationis on the mainline South Wales-London railwayline.
At the start of the 20th Century, Patchway was a small village centered on Patchway Green, now known as Patchway Common. Part of the village straddled Gloucester Road, south of the bridge which passed over the
Great Western Railwayline from Bristol to South Wales. Patchway Tunnel was nearby.
Industrialization started when a flying school at Filton Aerodrome was converted into an aeroengine factory, when the
Bristol Aeroplane Company(BAC) acquired Cosmos Engineeringin 1920.
During the 1930s, new housing was built on Patchway Estate, just north of
Filton Aerodrome. Bungalows were also built on Stoke Lane.
BAC started the development of East Works on Gypsy Patch Lane during the
re-armamentprogramme of the 1930s. Engine component testing facilities were built alongside the main railway line during the 1930s, 1940s and 1950s.
A dual carriageway, known as the Filton Bypass, was constructed through Patchway Estate in the late 1930s, to divert A38 traffic away from Filton. During WW2, the US Army had a tented encampment along the wide verges of the bypass. In the late 1940s the bypass was severed by the extension of the main runway at Filton aerodrome to accommodate the
Bristol Brabazonairliner. This project also required the demolition of the nearby hamlet of Charlton, many of whose residents were rehoused on Patchway Estate.
In the 1950s and early 1960s a large bungalow estate was built at Stoke Lodge, adjacent to Patchway Common. A huge
overspill estatewas built at the back of Patchway Estate in the mid-1960s.
Also in the mid-1960s, the New Filton Bypass (now part of the M5 motorway) was constructed, on the north-west fringe of Patchway Estate, along the upper edge of the Severn Escarpment. This road forms the boundary between the town of Patchway and the adjacent
Work on the huge Bradley Stoke estate, now a separate town to the east of Patchway, started in the late 1980s. Large business parks to the south of the M4/M5 motorway complex were also started in this period.
Rolls-Royce are building production facilities on the Gypsy Patch test site, close to the A38. The intention is to eventually sell the East Works for redevelopment. All the Rolls-Royce Bristol facilities will then be north of Gypsy Patch Lane, the former West Works site on the airfield having been sold to the Post Office in the late 1980s.
Patchway is one of the 44 Parish and Town Councils in South
Gloucestershire. Amenities include a fire station, library, doctor's clinic and schools. There is a Day Centre for the elderly and a children's play area. Sports facilities include cricket and football pitches and a sports hall.
* [http://www.patchway-town.co.uk Patchway Council]
* [http://www.patchwayhigh.com/ Patchway Community College]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Patchway railway station — Infobox UK station name = Patchway code = PWY caption = Patchway station, viewed from the northern end. manager = First Great Western locale = Patchway borough = South Gloucestershire lowusage0405 = 22,202 lowusage0506 = 33,957 lowusage0607 =… … Wikipedia
Cribbs Causeway — The Mall, Cribbs Causeway central atrium from the south Cribbs Causeway is a road in South Gloucestershire, England, just north of Bristol, which has given its name to a large out of town shopping centre, including retail parks and an enclosed… … Wikipedia
Bristol — This article is about the British city. For other uses, see Bristol (disambiguation). Bristol Unitary, Ci … Wikipedia
South Wales Main Line — The South Wales Main Line (Welsh: Prif Reilffordd De Cymru ) is a branch of the Great Western Main Line in the UK. It diverges from the main line at Wootton Bassett near Swindon, first calling at Bristol Parkway, after which the line continues… … Wikipedia
Almondsbury Town A.F.C. — Almondsbury Town Full name Almondsbury Town Football Club Nickname(s) The Almonds Founded 1897 (as Almondsbury Greenway) … Wikipedia
Gloucestershire County League — The Gloucestershire County League is a football league in England, founded in 1968. It sits at step 7 (or level 11) of the National League System and is a feeder to the Western League, although some clubs have also moved upwards to the Hellenic… … Wikipedia
Stoke Lodge — is a suburb of Bristol, England, developed in the 50s and early 60s on farmland to the south of Patchway Common, South Gloucestershire and east of the A38 trunk road. Although the busy London to South Wales railway forms the south western… … Wikipedia
Severn Tunnel Junction railway station — Coordinates: 51°35′03″N 2°46′38″W / 51.5842°N 2.7771°W / 51.5842; 2.7771 … Wikipedia
Little Stoke — is a suburb of north Bristol, situated in South Gloucestershire, England. Surrounded by Patchway, Stoke Gifford and Bradley Stoke, Little Stoke, in the middle, is often forgotten . Home to Patchway railway station, a minor stop on the railway… … Wikipedia
Charlton, Bristol — Coordinates: 51°31′08″N 2°35′24″W / 51.519°N 2.590°W / 51.519; 2.590 Charlton was the name of a small village in … Wikipedia