Melvin Schwartz


Melvin Schwartz
Melvin Schwartz
Born November 2, 1932(1932-11-02)
New York City, New York
Died August 28, 2006(2006-08-28) (aged 73)
Twin Falls, Idaho
Nationality American
Fields Particle physics
Institutions Brookhaven National Laboratory
Stanford University
Columbia University
Alma mater Columbia University
Known for neutrinos
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physics (1988)

Melvin Schwartz (November 2, 1932 – August 28, 2006) was an American physicist. He shared the 1988 Nobel Prize in Physics with Leon M. Lederman and Jack Steinberger for their development of the neutrino beam method and their demonstration of the doublet structure of the leptons through the discovery of the muon neutrino.

He grew up in New York City in the Great Depression and went to the Bronx High School of Science. His interest in physics began there at the age of 12.

He earned his B.A. (1953) and Ph.D. (1958) at Columbia University, where Nobel laureate I. I. Rabi was the head of the physics department. Schwartz became an assistant professor at Columbia in 1958. He was promoted to associate professor in 1960 and full professor in 1963. Tsung-Dao Lee, a Columbia colleague who had recently won the Nobel prize at age 30, inspired the experiment for which Schwartz received his Nobel. Schwartz and his colleagues performed the experiments which led to their Nobel Prize in the early 1960s, when all three were on the Columbia faculty. The experiment was carried out at the nearby Brookhaven National Laboratory.

In 1966, after 17 years at Columbia, he moved west to Stanford University, where SLAC, a new accelerator, was just being completed. There, he was involved in research investigating the charge asymmetry in the decay of long-lived neutral kaons and another project which produced and detected relativistic hydrogen-like atoms made up of a pion and a muon.

In the 1970s he founded and became president of Digital Pathways. In 1991, he became Associate Director of High Energy and Nuclear Physics at Brookhaven National Laboratory. At the same time, he rejoined the Columbia faculty as Professor of Physics. He became I. I. Rabi Professor of Physics in 1994 and retired as Rabi Professor Emeritus in 2000. He spent his retirement years in Ketchum, Idaho, and died August 28, 2006 at a Twin Falls, Idaho, nursing home after struggling with Parkinson's disease and hepatitis C.

Publications

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  • Melvin Schwartz — (* 2. November 1932 in New York; † 28. August 2006 in Twin Falls, Idaho) war ein US amerikanischer Physiker. Er erhielt 1988 zusammen mit Leon Max Lederman und Jack Steinberger den Nobelpreis für Physik für ihre grundlegenden Experimente über… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Melvin Schwartz — (2 novembre 1932 à New York 28 août 2006) est un physicien américain. Il est co lauréat avec Leon Lederman et Jack Steinberger du prix Nobel de physique de 1988 pour leurs travaux sur les neutrinos[1]. Biographie Schwartz a grandi à New York… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Melvin Schwartz — (Nueva York, 1932 Twin Falls 2006) fue un físico y profesor universitario estadounidense galardonado con el Premio Nobel de Física del año 1988 por sus estudios sobre los neutrinos. Biografía Nació el 2 de noviembre de 1932 en la ciudad… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Physiknobelpreis 1988: Leon Max Lederman — Melvin Schwartz — Jack Steinberger —   Die Amerikaner wurden für ihre grundlegenden Experimente über Neutrinos schwach wechselwirkende Elementarteilchen mit verschwindender oder sehr kleiner Ruhemasse ausgezeichnet.    Biografien   Leon Max Lederman, * …   Universal-Lexikon

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  • Melvin — bezeichnet Personen: Allan Melvin (1923–2008), US amerikanischer Schauspieler Chasity Melvin (* 1976), US amerikanischer Basketballspieler Eric Melvin (* 1966), US amerikanischer Punkrock Musiker Harold Melvin († 1997), US amerikanischer Sänger,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Schwartz — Relative Häufigkeit des Familiennamens Schwartz in Deutschland (Stand: Mai 2010) Schwartz ist ein Familienname. Er ist eine Nebenform von Schwarz. Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • SCHWARTZ, MELVIN — (1932–2006), U.S. physicist and businessman, Nobel Prize winner. Born in New York City, Schwartz studied at Columbia University, from which he received his Ph.D. in 1958. He was an associate physicist at Brookhaven National Laboratory from 1956… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Melvin Neufeld — is a former Republican member of the Kansas House of Representatives. He represented the 115th district. Neufeld first served from 1985 88, and again from 1991 until 2010 when he lost the primary election to Garrett Love. Contents 1 Committee… …   Wikipedia


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