Kenneth G. Wilson


Kenneth G. Wilson

Infobox Scientist
name = Kenneth Geddes Wilson
box_width =


imagesize =180px
caption = Kenneth Geddes Wilson
birth_date = June 8, 1936
nationality = United States
ethnicity =
field = Theoretical physics
work_institutions = Cornell University
alma_mater = Caltech
doctoral_advisor = Murray Gell-Mann
doctoral_students = Roman Jackiw Steve Shenker Michael Peskin
known_for = phase transitions
prizes = Wolf Prize in physics in 1980 1982 Nobel Prize in Physics
Kenneth Geddes Wilson (born June 8, 1936) is an American theoretical physicist.

As an undergraduate at Harvard, he was a Putnam Fellow. He earned his PhD from Caltech in 1961, studying under Murray Gell-Mann.

He joined Cornell University in 1963 in the Department of Physics as a junior faculty member, becoming a full professor in 1970. In 1974, he became the James A. Weeks Professor of Physics at Cornell. He was a co-winner of the Wolf Prize in physics in 1980, together with Michael E. Fisher and Leo Kadanoff. He was awarded the 1982 Nobel Prize in Physics for developing a theory of second-order phase transitions in matter that accounts for effects on neighboring molecules.

An even more important insight was Wilson's answer to the question: "What is quantum field theory?" Wilson developed the philosophy and techniques of renormalization group.

In 1985, he was appointed as Cornell's Director of the Center for Theory and Simulation in Science and Engineering (known now as the Cornell Theory Center, one of five national supercomputer center created by the National Science Foundation. Since 1988, Dr. Wilson has been a faculty member at the Ohio State University. His current research interests include physics education research.

His important PhD students include Roman Jackiw, Steve Shenker, and Michael Peskin.

Wilson's father was the prominent chemist E. Bright Wilson, and his brother David is also a Professor at Cornell in the department of Molecular Biology and Genetics.

Awards

*Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics, 1973
*Boltzmann Medal, 1975
*Wolf Prize, 1980
*Harvard University, D.Sc (Hon.), 1981
*Caltech, Distinguished Alumni Award, 1981
*Franklin Medal, 1982
*Nobel Prize for Physics, 1982
*A.C. Eringen Medal, 1984
*Aneesur Rahman Prize, 1993

Literature

*Wilson, K. G.:"Problems in physics with many scales of length", Scientific American, August 1979
*the same:"The Renormalization group (RG) and critical phenomena 1", Physical Review B, volume 4, 1971, p.3174
*the same: "The renormalization group: critical phenomena and the Kondo problem", Reviews of modern physics, 47, 1975, p.773-839
*the same, and M. Fisher: "Critical exponents in 3.99 dimensions", Physical Review Letters, 28, 1972, p.240
*the same: "Non-lagrangian models in current algebra" Physical Review, 179, 1969, p.1499-1512 (operator product expansion)
*the same: "Model of coupling constant renormalisation", Physical Review D, 2, 1970, p. 1438-1472
*the same: "Operator product expansions and anomalous dimensions in Thirring model", ibid., p.1473-77
*the same: "Anomalous dimensions and breakdown of scale invariance in perturbation theory", ibid. p.1478-93
*the same: "RG and strong interactions" Physical Review D, 3, 1971, p.1818-46
*the same: "Confinement of quarks", Physical Review D, 10, 1974, p.2445-59

See also

* Wilson loop

External links

* [http://www.nobel-winners.com/Physics/kenneth_geddes_wilson.html Kenneth G. Wilson]
* [http://web.archive.org/web/20070703053459/http://www.physics.ohio-state.edu/~kgw/kgw.html Kenneth G. Wilson's Homepage (on Archive, the original at Ohio State University no longer exists)]
* [http://www.physics.ohio-state.edu/briefcvs/wilson_briefcv.pdf Kenneth G. Wilson's brief CV, from Ohio State University (PDF file)]
* [http://arxiv.org/find/hep-th/1/au:+Wilson_K/0/1/0/all/0/1] Publications on ArXiv
* [http://nobelprize.org/physics/laureates/1982/index.html Nobel Lecture]
*MathGenealogy|id=22937


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  • Kenneth G. Wilson — Kenneth Geddes Wilson (* 8. Juni 1936 in Waltham, Massachusetts) ist ein US amerikanischer Physiker. Wilson studierte als Putnam Fellow an der Universität Harvard und promovierte 1961 am Caltech bei Murray Gell Mann. 1963 wurde er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kenneth Geddes Wilson — (* 8. Juni 1936 in Waltham, Massachusetts) ist ein US amerikanischer Physiker. Wilson studierte als Putnam Fellow an der Universität Harvard und promovierte 1961 am Caltech bei Murray Gell Mann. 1963 wurde er Assistenzprofessor an der Cornell… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kenneth G. Wilson — Kenneth Geddes Wilson Pour les articles homonymes, voir Wilson. Kenneth Geddes Wilson (8 juin 1936) est un physicien américain prix Nobel de physique en 1982. Wilson soutient son Ph.D. en 1961 sous la direction de Murray Gell Mann au Caltech. En… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kenneth Geddes Wilson — (Waltham, EUA 1936) es un físico teórico y profesor universitario estadounidense galardonado con el Premio Nobel de Física del año 1982. Contenido 1 Biografía 2 Investigaciones científicas 3 Premios …   Wikipedia Español

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  • Kenneth G. Wilson (author) — Kenneth George Wilson (1923–2003) was the author of The Columbia Guide to Standard American English , published in 1993.He is the subject of an article in Contemporary Authors (December 2007) by Thomson Gale.Bibliography* Essays on Language and… …   Wikipedia

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  • Kenneth Wilson — Kenneth Geddes Wilson Pour les articles homonymes, voir Wilson. Kenneth Geddes Wilson (8 juin 1936) est un physicien américain prix Nobel de physique en 1982. Wilson soutient son Ph.D. en 1961 sous la direction de Murray Gell Mann au Caltech. En… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kenneth Wilson — Kenneth Geddes Wilson (* 8. Juni 1936 in Waltham, Massachusetts) ist ein US amerikanischer Physiker und Nobelpreisträger. Wilson, der Sohn von Edgar Bright Wilson, studierte als Putnam Fellow an der Universität Harvard und promovierte 1961 am… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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