William Alfred Fowler


William Alfred Fowler

Infobox Scientist
box_width = 300px
name = Willie Fowler
birth_date = August 9, 1911
birth_place = Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
death_date = March 14, 1995
death_place = Pasadena, California
doctoral_advisor = Charles Christian Lauritsen
academic_advisor =
influences = Fred Hoyle
influenced =
awards = Nobel Prize for Physics (1983)

William Alfred "Willie" Fowler (August 9, 1911 – March 14, 1995) was an American astrophysicist. He should not be confused with the British astronomer Alfred Fowler.

Fowler was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He graduated from the Ohio State University, where he was a member of the Tau Kappa Epsilon fraternity, and went on to receive a Ph.D. in nuclear physics at the California Institute of Technology. His seminal paper "Synthesis of the Elements in Stars" ("Reviews of Modern Physics", vol. 29, Issue 4, pp. 547–650), coauthored with E. Margaret Burbidge, Geoffrey Burbidge, and Fred Hoyle, was published in 1957. The paper explained how the abundances of essentially all but the lightest chemical elements could be explained by the process of nucleosynthesis in stars.

Fowler won the Henry Norris Russell Lectureship of the American Astronomical Society in 1963, the Eddington Medal in 1978, the Bruce Medal in 1979, and the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1983 for his theoretical and experimental studies of the nuclear reactions of importance in the formation of the chemical elements in the universe (shared with Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar). He died in Pasadena, California.

Publications

*Fowler, W. A. [http://www.osti.gov/cgi-bin/rd_accomplishments/display_biblio.cgi?id=ACC0134&numPages=11&fp=N "Temperature and Density Conditions for Nucleogenesis by Fusion Processes in Stars"] , W. K. Kellogg Radiation Laboratory at the California Institute of Technology, United States Department of Energy (through predecessor agency the Atomic Energy Commission, (June 1958).
*Seeger, P. A.& W. A. Fowler. [http://www.osti.gov/cgi-bin/rd_accomplishments/display_biblio.cgi?id=ACC0135&numPages=6&fp=N "Integrated Flux Distributions in Neutron Capture in Stars"] , Los Alamos National Laboratory (through predecessor the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory), California Institute of Technology, United States Department of Energy (through predecessor agency the Atomic Energy Commission), (September 23, 1965).
*Colgate, S. A., Audouze, J. & W. A. Fowler. [http://www.osti.gov/cgi-bin/rd_accomplishments/display_biblio.cgi?id=ACC0136&numPages=9&fp=N "Helium (3) Rich Solar Flares"] , Los Alamos National Laboratory (through predecessor the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory), United States Department of Energy (through predecessor agency the Energy Research and Development Administration), (May 3, 1977).

External links

* [http://www.osti.gov/accomplishments/fowler.html Biography and Bibliographic Resources] , from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, United States Department of Energy
* [http://etd.caltech.edu/etd/available/etd-10112002-114537/ W.A. Fowler: "Radioactive elements of a low atomic number", Ph.D. dissertation]
* [http://www.nobel.se/physics/laureates/1983/fowler-autobio.html A Brief Autobiography of W.A. Fowler]
* [http://www.phys-astro.sonoma.edu/brucemedalists/FowlerW/index.html Bruce Medal page]
* [http://www.oac.cdlib.org/findaid/ark:/13030/kt2d5nb7kj Guide to the Papers of William A. Fowler, 1917-1994]
* [http://www.phy.ornl.gov/astrophysics/data/cf88/index.html Caughlan and Fowler 1988: THERMONUCLEAR REACTION RATES] , Oak Ridge National Laboratory
* [http://oralhistories.library.caltech.edu/94/ Interview with William A. Fowler] , Caltech Archives Oral Histories Online

Obituaries

* [http://adsabs.harvard.edu//full/seri/BAAS./0027//0001475.000.html BAAS 27 (1995) 1475]
* [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=990CE5D71E38F935A25750C0A963958260 NYT (1995)]
* [http://adsabs.harvard.edu//full/seri/PASP./0108//0000001.000.html PASP 108 (1996) 1]
* [http://adsabs.harvard.edu//full/seri/QJRAS/0037//0000089.000.html QJRAS 37 (1996) 89]


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  • William Alfred Fowler — William Alfred „Willy“ Fowler (* 9. August 1911 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; † 14. März 1995 in Pasadena (Kalifornien)) war ein amerikanischer Astro Physiker. Fowler begann sein Physikstudium an der Ohio State University (Bachelor als Physik… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Alfred Fowler — William Fowler Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fowler. William Alfred Willy Fowler (9 août 1911 à Pittsburgh en Pennsylvanie – 14 mars 1995 à Pasadena en Californie) est un astrophysicien américain. Il ne doit pas être confondu avec l astronome …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William Alfred Fowler — William Alfred Willie Fowler (Pittsburgh, EUA 1911 Pasadena 1995) fue un físico estadounidense galardonado con el Premio Nobel de Física en 1983. Contenido 1 Biografía 2 Búsqueda científica 3 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Physiknobelpreis 1983: Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar — William Alfred Fowler —   Chandrasekhar wurde für seine Studien zu Sternaufbau und entwicklung, Fowler für Studien zur Bildung von chemischen Elementen im Weltall ausgezeichnet.    Biografien   Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, * Lahore (heute Pakistan) 19. 10. 1910, ✝… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • William A. Fowler — William Alfred „Willy“ Fowler (* 9. August 1911 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; † 14. März 1995 in Pasadena (Kalifornien)) war ein amerikanischer Astro Physiker. Fowler begann sein Physikstudium an der Ohio State University. Den Doktortitel in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William A. Fowler — William Fowler Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fowler. William Alfred Willy Fowler (9 août 1911 à Pittsburgh en Pennsylvanie – 14 mars 1995 à Pasadena en Californie) est un astrophysicien américain. Il ne doit pas être confondu avec l astronome …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alfred Fowler (disambiguation) — Alfred Fowler may refer to:*Alfred Fowler (1868–1940), British astronomer *William Alfred Fowler (1911–1995), American astrophysicist …   Wikipedia

  • Alfred Fowler — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fowler.  Il ne doit pas être confondu avec l astrophysicien William Alfred Fowler …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fowler , William Alfred — (1911–1995) American physicist Fowler was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, graduated in 1933 from Ohio State University, and obtained his PhD in 1936 from the California Institute of Technology. He was immediately appointed to the staff, serving …   Scientists

  • Fowler, William Alfred — ▪ 1996       U.S. nuclear astrophysicist (b. Aug. 9, 1911, Pittsburgh, Pa. d. March 14, 1995, Pasadena, Calif.), formulated the widely accepted theory that almost all the chemical elements in the universe, including those that make up humans,… …   Universalium


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