Nicolaas Bloembergen


Nicolaas Bloembergen
Nicolaas Bloembergen

Born March 11, 1920 (1920-03-11) (age 91)
Dordrecht, Netherlands
Residence United States
Citizenship Netherlands
United States
Fields Applied physics
Institutions University of Arizona
Alma mater Leiden
University of Utrecht
Doctoral advisor Cornelis Jacobus Gorter
Other academic advisors Edward Purcell
Known for Laser spectroscopy
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physics (1981)
Lorentz Medal (1978)
IEEE Medal of Honor

Nicolaas Bloembergen (born Dordrecht, March 11, 1920) is a Dutch-American physicist and Nobel laureate.

He received his Ph.D. degree from University of Leiden in 1948; while pursuing his PhD at Harvard, Bloembergen also worked part-time as a graduate research assistant for Edward Mills Purcell at the MIT Radiation Laboratory [1]. He became a professor at Harvard University in Applied Physics.[1]

Bloembergen enrolled in 1938 at the University of Utrecht to study physics. Bloembergen left the war ravaged Netherlands in 1945 to pursue graduate studies at Harvard University. Six weeks before his arrival, Harvard Professor Edward M. Purcell (along with his graduate students Torrey and Pound) discovered nuclear magnetic resonance. Bloembergen was hired to develop a first NMR machine. While at Harvard he enjoyed classes from J. Schwinger, J. H. van Vleck, and E. C. Kemble. His thesis Nuclear Magnetic Relaxation was submitted in Leiden, where he passed qualifying criteria. After a brief postdoctoral appointment with C. J. Gorter in the Netherlands, he joined Harvard where he was named a junior fellow of Society of Fellows in 1949 and Associate Professor in 1951.

In 1958, he became a naturalized citizen of the United States.

He was awarded the Lorentz Medal in 1978. Bloembergen shared the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physics with Arthur Schawlow and Kai Siegbahn for their work in laser spectroscopy. Bloembergen and Schawlow investigated properties of matter undetectable without lasers. He had earlier modified the maser of Charles Townes. Bloembergen serves on the University of Arizona faculty.

Bloembergen belongs to prolific J. J. Thomson academic lineage tree, following in footsteps of other Nobel Laureates beginning with Lord Rayleigh (Physics Nobel Prize in 1904) and J. J. Thomson (Nobel 1906), and continued with Ernest Rutherford (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1908), Owen Richardson (Physics Nobel, 1928) and finally Bloembergen's advisor, Edward Purcell (Physics Nobel 1952). Prof. Bloembergen is a member of the Board of Sponsors of The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists and Honorary Editor of the Journal of Nonlinear Optical Physics & Materials.[2] His other influences included John Van Vleck (Physics Nobel 1977) and Percy Bridgman (Physics Nobel 1946).

Honors

References

  1. ^ "Nicolaas Bloembergen". IEEE Global History Network. IEEE. http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/index.php/Nicolaas_Bloembergen. Retrieved 18 July 2011. 
  2. ^ World Scientific. Journal Editorial Board. http://www.worldscinet.com/jnopm/mkt/editorial.shtml

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nicolaas Bloembergen — (* 11. März 1920 in Dordrecht, Niederlande) ist ein US amerikanischer Physiker. Er promovierte 1948 an der Universität Leiden. Von 1946 bis 1990 lehrte Bloembergen an der Harvard University, zuerst als Assistent (und 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nicolaas Bloembergen — (11 mars 1920) est un physicien néerlandais naturalisé américain. Il obtint son Ph.D. à l université de Leyde en 1948 et devint professeur à l université Harvard. Il est colauréat avec Arthur Leonard Schawlow de la moitié du prix Nobel de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nicolaas Bloembergen — (Dordrecht, Países Bajos 1920) es un físico y profesor universitario estadounidense, de origen holandés, galardonado con el Premio Nobel de Física del año 1981. Biografía Nació el 11 de marzo de 1920 en la ciudad holandesa de Dordrecht. Estudió… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Physiknobelpreis 1981: Nicolaas Bloembergen — Arthur Leonard Schawlow — Kai Manne Börje Siegbahn —   Die Amerikaner Bloembergen und Schawlow wurden für ihren Beitrag zur Entwicklung der Laserspektroskopie, der Schwede Siegbahn für seinen Beitrag zur Entwicklung der hochauflösenden Elektronenspektroskopie ausgezeichnet.    Biografien   Nicolaas …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bloembergen — Nicolaas Bloembergen (* 11. März 1920 in Dordrecht/Niederlande) ist ein US amerikanischer Physiker. Er promovierte 1948 an der Universität Leiden. Von 1946 bis 1990 lehrte Bloembergen an der Harvard University. Seit 2001 ist er Professor an der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nicolaas — ist ein männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 2.1 Vorname 2.2 Zwischenname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bloembergen —   [ bluːmbəːgən], Nicolaas, amerikanischer Physiker niederländischer Herkunft, * Dordrecht 11. 3. 1920; seit 1951 Professor an der Harvard University. Nach Arbeiten über kernmagnetische Relaxation (1948) und ferromagnetische Resonanz entwickelte… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bloembergen — Nicolaas …   Scientists

  • Bloembergen — Bloembergen, Nicolaas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bloembergen, Nicolaas — ▪ American physicist born March 11, 1920, Dordrecht, Neth.       Dutch born American physicist, corecipient with Arthur Leonard Schawlow (Schawlow, Arthur L.) of the United States and Kai Manne Börje Siegbahn (Siegbahn, Kai Manne Börje) of Sweden …   Universalium


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