Odd Hassel


Odd Hassel
Odd Hassel
Born 17 May 1897(1897-05-17)
Kristiania, Norway
Died 11 May 1981(1981-05-11) (aged 83)
Nationality Norway
Fields Physical chemistry
Alma mater University of Oslo
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1969)

Odd Hassel (17 May 1897 – 11 May 1981) was a Norwegian physical chemist and Nobel Laureate.

Contents

Biography

Born in Kristiania, his parents were Ernst Hassel, a gynaecologist, and Mathilde Klaveness. In 1915, he entered the University of Oslo where he studied mathematics, physics and chemistry, and graduated in 1920. After taking a year off from studying, he went to Munich, Germany to work in the laboratory of Professor Kasimir Fajans.[1] His work there led to the detection of absorption indicators. After moving to Berlin, he worked at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute, where he began to research X-ray crystallography.[2] He furthered his research with a Rockefeller Fellowship, obtained with the help of Fritz Haber. In 1924, he obtained his PhD from the Berlin University, before moving to the University of Oslo, where he worked from 1925 through 1964, as a professor from 1934.[3]

Career

Back in Oslo, Hassel originally focused on inorganic chemistry, but beginning in 1930 his work concentrated on problems connected with molecular structure, particularly the structure of cyclohexane and its derivatives. He introduced the Norwegian scientific community to the concepts of the electric dipole moments and electron diffraction. After publishing a paper on the conformations of cyclohexane,[citation needed] Hassel was arrested by the occupation authorities on 15 Octobe 1943. After a time in Bredtveit concentration camp until 22 November 1943, he was sent to Berg concentration camp, and on 9 December 1943 further to Grini concentration camp. He remained here until 6 November 1944.[4]

Nobel Prize

Beginning in 1950, Hassel investigated the structure of charge-transfer compounds, and was eventually able to set up rules for the geometry of this kind of compound. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1969, alongside Derek Barton.

References

  1. ^ Candid Science III: More Conversations with Famous Chemists, Istvan Hargittai, Magdolna Hargittai, Imperial College Press, 2003.
  2. ^ Odd Hassel biography bookrags.com
  3. ^ Odd Hassel - The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1969, nobelprize.org
  4. ^ Ottosen, Kristian, ed (2004) (in Norwegian). Nordmenn i fangenskap 1940–1945 (2nd ed.). Oslo: Universitetsforlaget. p. 289. ISBN 82-15-00288-9. 

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Odd Hassel — (* 17. Mai 1897 in Kristiania (heute Oslo); † 11. Mai 1981 in Oslo) war ein norwegischer Chemiker. 1969 erhielt er zusammen mit dem englischen Chemiker Sir Derek H. R. Barton den Chemie Nobelpreis für ihre Arbeiten in der Entwicklung des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Odd Hassel — (Oslo, Noruega 17 de mayo de 1897 íd. 11 de mayo de 1981) fue un físico, químico y profesor universitario noruego galardonado con el Premio Nobel de Química del año 1969. Biografía Odd nació en la ciudad de Oslo, capital actual de Noruega, pero… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Odd Hassel — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hassel. Odd Hassel (17 mai 1897 à Oslo, Norvège 11 mai 1981 à Oslo) est un chimiste norvégien, colauréat avec Derek Harold Richard Barton du prix Nobel de chimie de 1969[1] …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Odd Hassel — noun Norwegian chemist noted for his research on organic molecules (1897 1981) • Syn: ↑Hassel • Instance Hypernyms: ↑chemist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Chemienobelpreis 1969: Derek Harold Richard Barton — Odd Hassel —   Der Brite Barton und der Norweger Hassel erhielten den Nobelpreis für die Entwicklung des Konformationsbegriffs und dessen Anwendung in der Chemie.    Biografien   Sir (seit 1972) Derek Harold Richard Barton, * Gravesend (England) 8. 9. 1918, ✝ …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Hassel — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Georg Hassel (1770−1829), deutscher Geograph Hans Hassel (?−1932), deutscher Jurist Horst von Hassel (* 1928), deutscher Politiker (SPD) und Bremer Senator Kai Uwe von Hassel (1913–1997), deutscher… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hassel — may refer to:Places*Hassel, Luxembourg, part of the municipality Weiler la Tour, Luxembourg *Hassel, Lower Saxony, a municipality in the district of Nienburg, Lower Saxony, Germany *Hassel, Saxony Anhalt, a municipality in the district of Stendal …   Wikipedia

  • Odd — ist ein norwegischer männlicher Vorname, der selten auch in Dänemark und Schweden vorkommt.[1] Die isländische Form des Namens ist Oddur.[2] Herkunft und Bedeutung Abgeleitet ist der Name möglicherweise von dem altnordischen oddr mit der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hassel — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme : Kai Uwe von Hassel (° 1913 – † 1997), homme politique ouest allemand de l’Union chrétienne démocrate. Odd Hassel (° 1897 – † 1981),… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hassel — noun Norwegian chemist noted for his research on organic molecules (1897 1981) • Syn: ↑Odd Hassel • Instance Hypernyms: ↑chemist * * * noun see hassle I * * * /hah seuhl/, n. Odd /awd/, 1897 1 …   Useful english dictionary


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