Vincent du Vigneaud


Vincent du Vigneaud

Infobox Scientist
name = Vincent du Vigneaud
box_width =


imagesize = 180px
birth_date = May 18, 1901
birth_place = Chicago, Illinois, USA
death_date = death date and age|1978|12|11|1901|5|18
death_place = Ithaca, New York, USA
nationality = United States
field = Chemistry
work_institutions =
alma_mater = University of Rochester
doctoral_advisor = John R. Murlin
doctoral_students =
known_for =
prizes = Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1955)

Vincent du Vigneaud (May 18, 1901 – December 11, 1978) was an American biochemist. He won a Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1955. For the isolation, structural identification and total synthesis of the cyclic peptide oxytocin. [cite journal | title=Oxytocin: synthesis | author=Du Vigneaud V, Ressler C, Swan JM, RobertsCWand Katsoyannis PG | journal=Journal of the American Chemical Society | volume=76 | issue= | pages=3115–3118 | year=1954 | url= | doi=10.1021/ja01641a004]

Biography

Vigneaud graduated from Schurz High School in 1918. He started studying chemistry at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He was influenced by lectures of Carl Shipp Marvel. After receiving his M.S. in 1924 he joined DuPont but restarted his academic career by joining the group of John R. Murlin at the University of Rochester for a Ph.D thesis in 1925. He married Zella Zon Ford June 12 1924. He graduated in 1927 with his work "The Sulfur in Insulin". After several Post-doc positions with John Jacob Abel at Johns Hopkins University Medical School, Max Bergmann at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Leather Research in Dresden and others he became professor at the University of Illinois He went to George Washington University Medical School in Washington, D.C. in 1932 and to Cornell Medical College in New York City in 1938 where he stayed until his emeritation in 1967. From 1967 on he held a position at Cornell University Ithaca, New York. In 1974 he suffered from a stroke which ended his academic career. One year after his wife's death, he passed away.

Career

His career was characterized by an interest in sulfur, proteins, and, espicially, peptides. Even before his famous work on elucidating and synthesizing oxytocin and vasopressin, he had established a reputation for work on insulin, biotin, transmethylation, and penicillin. [Citation | id=PMID:17554806 | url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17554806 | last=Ragnarsson | first=Ulf | publication-date=2007 Jul | year=2007 | title=The Nobel trail of Vincent du Vigneaud | volume=13 | issue=7 | periodical=J. Pept. Sci. | pages=431–3 | doi=10.1002/psc.864 | journal=Journal of Peptide Science] He also began a series of structure-activity relationships for oxytocin and vasopressin, perhaps the first for peptides.

Legacy

He joined Alpha Chi Sigma while at the University of Illinois in 1930.

References

External links

* http://nobelprize.org/chemistry/laureates/1955/vigneaud-bio.html


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vincent du Vigneaud — (* 18. Mai 1901 in Chicago; † 11. Dezember 1978 in White Plains, NY) war ein amerikanischer Biochemiker. Er isolierte, analysierte und synthetisierte die Hypophysen Hinterlappenhormone Oxytocin und Vasopressin und erhielt im Jahre 1955 den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vincent du vigneaud — (18 mai 1901 11 décembre 1978) était un biochimiste américain. Il reçut le Prix Lasker en 1948 puis le prix Nobel de chimie en 1955. Il adhéra à la fraternité Alpha Chi Sigma durant ses études à l université de l Illinois en 1930. Lien externe… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vincent du Vigneaud — (18 de mayo de 1901 – 11 de diciembre de 1978) fue un bioquímico estadounidense. Fue galardonado con el Premio Nobel de Química en 1955, por su investigación sobresale por las hormonas, aminoácidos, las vitaminas y las proteínas. Fue profesor de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vincent du Vigneaud — (18 mai 1901 11 décembre 1978) était un biochimiste franco américain. Il reçut le Prix Lasker en 1948 puis le prix Nobel de chimie en 1955[1] et le Willard Gibbs Award en 1956. Biographie Il adhéra à la fraternité Alpha Chi Sigma durant ses… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vincent Du Vigneaud — Vincent Du Vigneaud,fue un bioquímico estadounidense nacido en Chicago (18 de mayo de 1901 11 de diciembre de 1978). Fue premio Nobel de Química en 1955. Fue profesor en la Universidad Johns Hopkins, la Universidad de Illinois, la Universidad… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Chemienobelpreis 1955: Vincent du Vigneaud —   Der amerikanische Biochemiker erhielt den Nobelpreis »für seine Arbeiten an biochemisch bedeutsamen Schwefelverbindungen, besonders für die erste Synthese eines Polypeptidhormons«.    Biografie   Vincent du Vigneaud, * Chicago (Illinois) 18. 5 …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Vigneaud — Vincent du Vigneaud 1955 Vincent du Vigneaud (* 18. Mai 1901 in Chicago; † 11. Dezember 1978 in White Plains, NY) war ein amerikanischer Biochemiker. Er isolierte, analysierte und synthetisierte die Hypophysen Hinterlappenhormone …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vigneaud —   [vɪn jəʊ], Vincent du, amerikanischer Biochemiker, * Chicago (Illinois) 18. 5. 1901, ✝ White Plains (N. Y.) 11. 12. 1978; ab 1938 Professor an der Cornell University in Ithaca (N. Y.). Vigneaud arbeitete u. a. über Insulin und andere Hormone,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Vigneaud — Vigneaud, Vincent du …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Vigneaud, Vincent du — ► (1901 75) Bioquímico estadounidense. Fue premio Nobel de Química en 1955 por sus investigaciones sobre las hormonas segregadas por las glándulas pituitarias …   Enciclopedia Universal


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