Gerhard Herzberg


Gerhard Herzberg

Gerhard Herzberg, PC, CC, FRSC, FRS (December 25, 1904 – March 3, 1999) was a pioneering physicist and physical chemist, and Nobel Laureate in chemistry. Born in Germany, he fled to Canada in 1935, where he continued his distinguished scientific career.

Herzberg's main work concerned atomic and molecular spectroscopy. He is well known for using these techniques that determine the structures of diatomic and polyatomic molecules, including free radicals difficult to investigate in any other way, and for the chemical analysis of astronomical objects.

Herzberg served as Chancellor of Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada from 1973 to 1980.

Biography

* 1904 Born and educated in Hamburg, Germany
* 1928 Dr.Ing. degree at Darmstadt University of Technology under H. Rau
* 1928–30 Post-doctoral work at the University of Göttingen and Bristol University under James Franck, Max Born, John Lennard-Jones
* 1930 Darmstadt University of Technology: Privatdozent (lecturer) and senior assistant in Physics
* 1935 Guest professor, University of Saskatchewan (Saskatoon, Canada)
* 1936–45 Professor of Physics, University of Saskatchewan
* 1939 Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada
* 1945–8 Professor of spectroscopy, Yerkes Observatory, University of Chicago (Chicago, United States)
* 1948 Director of the Division of Pure Physics, National Research Council of Canada
* 1951 Fellow of the Royal Society of London
* 1957–63 Vice President of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics
* 1956–7 President of the Canadian Association of Physicists
* 1960 gives Bakerian Lecturer of the Royal Society of London
* 1966–7 President of the Royal Society of Canada
* 1968 Companion of the Order of Canada
* 1968 George Fischer Baker Non-Resident Lecturer in Chemistry at Cornell University (Ithaca, United States)
* 1969 Willard Gibbs Award
* 1969 Distinguished Research Scientist in the recombined Division of Physics, at the National Research Council of Canada
* 1970 Lecturer of the Chemical Society of London, receives Faraday Medal
* 1971 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his contributions to the knowledge of electronic structure and geometry of molecules, particularly free radicals" [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1971/index.html]
* 1971 Royal Medal from Royal Society of London
* 1973-1980 Chancellor of Carleton University (Ottawa, Canada)
* 1992 Sworn into the Queen's Privy Council for Canada
* 1999 Died aged 94

Honours and awards

Herzberg was honoured with memberships or fellowships by a very large number of scientific societies, received many awards and honorary degrees in different countries. The NSERC Gerhard Herzberg Canada Gold Medal for Science and Engineering, Canada's highest research award, was named in his honour in 2000. The Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics is named for him. He was made a member of the International Academy of Quantum Molecular Science. Asteroid 3316 Herzberg is named after him.

The main building of John Abbott College in Montreal is named after him. A public park in the College Park neighbourhood of Saskatoon also bears his name.

References

External links

* [http://nobelprize.org/chemistry/laureates/1971/herzberg-bio.html Herzberg biography from the Nobel Foundation]
* [http://www.nserc.gc.ca/award_e.asp?nav=herzberg&lbi=about The NSERC Herzberg Medal]
* [http://www.nserc.ca/award_e.asp?nav=herzberg&lbi=scientist About Gerhard Herzberg NSERC bio]
* [http://www.science.ca/scientists/scientistprofile.php?pID=8 Science.ca profile]
* [http://www.sciencetech.technomuses.ca/english/about/hallfame/u_i13_e.cfm Canadian Science and Technology Museum Hall of Fame]
* [http://pubs.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/eng/books/books/9780660187570.html Gerhard Herzberg: An Illustrious Life in Science from the National Research Council of Canada Press]
* [http://www.britannica.com/eb/article?tocId=9342323 Encyclopædia Britannica entry]
* [http://adsabs.harvard.edu//full/seri/BAAS./0032//0001669.000.html Obituary in BAAS 32 (2000) 1669]
* [http://www.gg.ca/honours/search-recherche/honours-desc.asp?lang=e&TypeID=orc&id=761 Order of Canada Citation]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gerhard Herzberg — Gerhard Herzberg, London 1952 Gerhard Herzberg, PC, CC (* 25. Dezember 1904 in Hamburg; † 3. März 1999 in Ottawa, Kanada) war ein deutsch kanadischer Chemiker und Physiker. Er erhielt 1971 den Nobelpreis für Chemie. In Anerkennung und Würdigung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gerhard Herzberg — Gerhard Herzberg, Londres 1952 Gerhard Herzberg (Hamburgo, Alemania, 25 de diciembre de 1904 Ottawa, Canadá, 3 de marzo de 1999) fue un físico, químico y profesor universitario canadiense, de origen alemán, galardonado con el Premio Nobel de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gerhard Herzberg — Gerhard Herzberg, London 1952 Gerhard Herzberg (25 décembre 1904 à Hambourg, Allemagne 3 mars 1999 à Ottawa, Canada) est un physicien et chimiste canadien. Il a reçu le prix Nobel de chimie de 197 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gerhard Herzberg — noun Canadian physicist (born in Germany) noted for contributions to understanding the structure of molecules (born in 1904) • Syn: ↑Herzberg • Instance Hypernyms: ↑nuclear physicist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Chemienobelpreis 1971: Gerhard Herzberg —   Der Deutsch Kanadier erhielt den Nobelpreis »für seine Arbeiten über die Elektronenstruktur und die Geometrie der Moleküle, insbesondere der freien Radikale«.    Biografie   Gerhard Herzberg, * Hamburg 25.12.1904, ✝ Ottawa 3.3.1999; 1929… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Herzberg — is German for heart mountain and may refer to:*places in Germany: **Herzberg am Harz, a town in the Osterode district, Lower Saxony **Herzberg (Elster), a town in the Elbe Elster district, Brandenburg **Herzberg, Ostprignitz Ruppin, a town in the …   Wikipedia

  • Herzberg — ist der Name folgender Berge: Herzberg (Taunus), Berg im Taunus in Hessen Herzberg (Westerwald), 325 m hoher Berg im Niederwesterwald südöstlich von Altenkirchen (Westerwald) Herzberg (Richelsdorfer Gebirge) in Hessen Herzberg ist der Name… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Herzberg — es una palabra que significa en alemán montaña (del) corazón y puede referirse a: Contenido 1 Lugares en Alemania 2 Personas 2.1 Autores de nombres botánicos 3 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Herzberg (Asteroid) — Asteroid (3316) Herzberg Eigenschaften des Orbits (Simulation) Orbittyp Hauptgürtelasteroid Große Halbachse 3,1115  …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Herzberg — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Herzberg am Harz, une ville de Basse Saxe, Allemagne Herzberg (Elster), une ville de Brandebourg, Allemagne Breitenbach am Herzberg, une commune de Hesse …   Wikipédia en Français


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