Cyril Norman Hinshelwood


Cyril Norman Hinshelwood
Cyril Norman Hinshelwood
Born June 19, 1897(1897-06-19)
London, England
Died October 9, 1967(1967-10-09) (aged 70)
Fields Physical chemistry
Institutions University of Oxford
Alma mater Oxford University
Notable students Keith J. Laidler
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Sir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood OM PRS (June 19, 1897 – October 9, 1967) was an English physical chemist.

Born in London, his parents were Norman Macmillan Hinshelwood, a chartered accountant, and Ethe Frances née Smith. He was educated first in Canada, returning in 1905 on the death of his father to a small flat in Chelsea where he lived for the rest of his life. He then studied at Westminster City School and Balliol College, Oxford University.

During the First World War, Hinshelwood was a chemist in an explosives factory. He was a tutor at Trinity College from 1921 to 1937 and was Dr Lee’s Professor of Chemistry at the University of Oxford from 1937. He served on several Advisory Councils on scientific matters to the British Government. He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1929, serving as President from 1955 to 1960. He was knighted in 1948 and appointed to the Order of Merit in 1960.

His early studies of molecular kinetics led to the publication of Thermodynamics for Students of Chemistry and The Kinetics of Chemical Change in 1926. With Harold Warris Thompson he studied the explosive reaction of Hydrogen and Oxygen and described the phenomenon of chain reaction. His subsequent work on chemical changes in the bacterial cell proved to be of great importance in later research work on antibiotics and therapeutic agents, and his book, The Chemical Kinetics of the Bacterial Cell was published in 1946, followed by Growth, Function and Regulation in Bacterial Cells in 1966. In 1951 he published The Structure of Physical Chemistry. It was republished as an Oxford Classic Texts in the Physical Sciences by Oxford University Press in 2005.

With Nikolay Semenov of the USSR, Hinshelwood was jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1956 for his researches into the mechanism of chemical reactions.

Hinshelwood was President of the Chemical Society, Royal Society, Classical Association and the Faraday Society, and gained many awards and honorary degrees.

Hinshelwood never married. He was fluent in 7 classical and modern languages and his main hobbies were painting, collecting Chinese pottery, and foreign literature. He died, at home, on 9 October 1967.

See also

References

  • C. F. Cullis (1967). "Obituary: Cyril Norman Hinshelwood, KT., O.M., M.A., D.SC., F.R.S., 1897–1967". Journal Chemical Society: X001–X002. doi:10.1039/JR945000X001. 
  • Harold Thompson (1973). "Cyril Norman Hinshelwood. 1897-1967". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 19: 374–431. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1973.0015. JSTOR 769568. 
  • J. S. Rowlinson (2004). "The wartime work of Hinshelwood and his colleagues". Notes Rec. R. Soc. Lond. 58 (2): 161–175. doi:10.1098/rsnr.2004.0050. PMID 15209074. 

External links


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  • Cyril Norman Hinshelwood — Sir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood OM FRS (19 juin 1897 9 octobre 1967) était un physicien chimiste anglais. Il est colauréat avec Nikolaï Semionov du prix Nobel de chimie de 1956[1]. Sommaire 1 Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cyril Norman Hinshelwood — Sir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood (19 de junio de 1897, Londres (Inglaterra) – † 9 de octubre de 1967, íd.) fue un químico inglés galardonado Premio Nobel de Química del año 1956. Biografía De pequeño se trasladó con su familia a Canadá, pero en 1905… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cyril Norman Hinshelwood — Sir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood fue un químico inglés, nació y murió en Londres. Estudió en la Universidad de Oxford, donde enseñó desde 1937. Sus exhaustivas investigaciones de las diversas combinaciones del hidrógeno y el oxígeno le valieron el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Hinshelwood,Sir Cyril Norman — Hin·shel·wood (hĭnʹshəl wo͝od , chəl ), Sir Cyril Norman. 1897 1967. British chemist. He shared a 1956 Nobel Prize for research on the kinetics of chemical reactions. * * * …   Universalium

  • Hinshelwood , Sir Cyril Norman — (1897–1967) British chemist Hinshelwood, a Londoner, was educated at Oxford University, where he was elected to a fellowship in 1920 and obtained his doctorate in 1924. In 1937 he became Dr. Lee s Professor of Chemistry at Oxford. He retired in… …   Scientists

  • Hinshelwood, Sir Cyril Norman — ▪ British chemist born June 19, 1897, London, Eng. died Oct. 9, 1967, London       British chemist who worked on reaction rates and reaction mechanisms, particularly that of the combination of hydrogen and oxygen to form water, one of the most… …   Universalium

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  • Cyril Hinshelwood — Cyril Norman Hinshelwood Sir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood OM FRS (19 juin 1897 9 octobre 1967) était un physicien chimiste anglais. Né à Londres, ses parents étaient Norman Macmillan Hinshelwood, expert comptable, et Ethe Frances née Smith. Il fut… …   Wikipédia en Français


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