Nicolae Golescu


Nicolae Golescu
Nicolae Golescu

Nicolae Golescu (1810–1877) was a Wallachian Romanian politician who served as the Prime Minister of Romania in 1860 and May–November 1868.

Life

Early life

A member of the Golescu family of boyars, Nicolae was born in Câmpulung as the son of Dinicu Golescu; he was educated together with his other three brothers in Switzerland. Nicolae and his brother Ştefan returned in 1830 to join the Wallachian Army, where Nicolae became a major in 1834.

In the same year he joined the Philarmonic Society, a group similar to the Freemasonry. In 1840 he was a prosecutor in the trial of the participants in the Mitică Filipescu plot, and later on he was Wallachia's Minister of Internal Affairs.

In 1842, Wallachia was under the protectorate of Imperial Russia, and Nicolae Golescu tried to obtain the mandate of Prince of Wallachia from Emperor Nicholas, but was denied and remained a Minister of Internal Affairs until 1847. In the meantime, he began taking part in gatherings of various revolutionary societies.

He joined the radical liberals, being part of the 1848 revolutionary committee, together with Ion Ghica, Nicolae Bălcescu, Ion Heliade Rădulescu and others (including his brother Ştefan and his cousin Alexandru G. Golescu).

Prominence

Afterwards, on June 11, 1848, when the Wallachian revolution started in Bucharest, Nicolae Golescu was a Minister of Internal Affairs for the Provisional Government. The following week, he and Ana Ipătescu took initiative in rallying civilians in defense of the revolutionary power, as it was threatened by conservative plot (June 19).

However, on 25 July, the government resigned on pressure from the Ottoman Empire, and after the Ottoman intervention of September, Nicolae Golescu went into exile, to return in the 1850s and support Alexander John Cuza's bid for the throne of a united Danubian Principalities (Wallachia and Moldavia).

In 1866, after joining the alliance of Liberals and Conservatives against Cuza's unsanctioned personal regime, he was for a short time one of the regents. He was then Foreign Minister and a member of Ion C. Brătianu's Liberal Party, formed during the rule of Carol I.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nicolae Golescu — (* 1810 in Câmpulung; † 1878) war rumänischer Staatsmann. Nicolae Golescu, geboren als Sprössling einer walachischen Bojarenfamilie, ein Bruder von Ștefan Golescu, erhielt seine Erziehung in Genf …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nicolae Golescu — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nicolae Văcăroiu — Acting President of Romania In office 20 April 2007 – 23 May 2007 Prime Minister Că …   Wikipedia

  • Nicolae Crețulescu — (Nicolae Kretzulescu) Prime Minister of Romania In office 24 June 1862 11 October 1863 14 June 1865 – 11 February 1866 Preceded by Barbu Catargiu …   Wikipedia

  • Nicolae Titulescu — Statue à Brașov Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nicolae Iorga — Iorga redirects here. For the village in Botoşani County, see Manoleasa. Nicolae Iorga Nicolae Iorga in 1914 (photograph published in Luceafărul) Prime Minister of Romania …   Wikipedia

  • Golescu family — The Golescu family ( ro. Goleşti) was an old boyar family of Wallachia, in what is now southern Romania. The earliest mention of them dates from the 15th century.Members of the family*Radu Golescu *Iordache Golescu *Dinicu Golescu *Zinca Golescu… …   Wikipedia

  • Nicolae (name) — For other uses, see Nicolae. Nicolae (or Niculae) is a Romanian male given name or surname, the equivalent of the English Nicholas. Its female form is Nicoleta. The name means Victory of the People. Contents 1 In politics 2 In science …   Wikipedia

  • Nicolae Ceaușescu — For other people named Ceauşescu , see Ceauşescu (disambiguation). The title of this article contains the character ș. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Nicolae Ceausescu. Nicolae Ceaușescu …   Wikipedia

  • Nicolae Petrescu-Comnen — (Gallicized as Petrescu Comnène or Petresco Comnène, born Nicolae Petrescu; 1881 December 8, 1958) was a Romanian diplomat, politician, and humanitarian, noted for his role in interwar European politics and his support for the League of Nations… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.