- Alexandru G. Golescu
name = Alexandru G. Golescu
caption = Alexandru G. Golescu in 1870
birth_date = 1819
August 15, 1881
Rusăneşti, Olt County
Prime Minister of Romania
occupation = Politician
Alexandru G. Golescu (1819—
August 15, 1881) was a Romanian politician who served as a Prime Minister of Romaniain 1870 (between February 14and May 1).
Born in the
Golescu familyof boyarsin Bucharest, Wallachia, he was the cousin of the brothers Ştefan and Nicolae Golescu; Alexandru G. was often referred to as Alexandru Golescu Negru ("Golescu the Black"), to distinguish him from his relative and fellow activist Alexandru C. Golescu(who was known as "Albu" - "the White").
Alexandru G. Golescu studied at the
Saint Sava Academyand then in Paris, at the "École d'Arts et Métiers", and returned to be an engineerin Wallachia.
Nicolae Bălcescu, Ion Ghicaand Christian Tell, Golescu was a founding member of the "Frăţia" ("Brotherhood") freemason and radical secret society in 1843, meant as opposition to Wallachian Prince Gheorghe Bibescu. He returned to Paris in 1845 to be a member of a revolutionary society of the Romanian students.
Revolution and later years
He took part in the
Wallachian revolution of 1848, and were members of the Revolutionary Committee formed around "Frăţia". He was a secretary of the Provisional Government, and served as its representative in Franceafter July 14, 1848(in this capacity, he called for the French Second Republic's support in combating the threat of Ottoman and Imperial Russian intervention in Wallachia). Golescu was also active in negotiating an agreement between the Hungarian government of Lajos Kossuthand the Transylvanian Romanian forces of Avram Iancu, but his efforts were largely unsuccessful.
After the revolution in Bucharest was crushed, Ghica remained in exile until 1856, when, after Russian presence had been swept by the effects of the
Crimean Warhe returned to campaign for the unification of Wallachiaand Moldavia, which was successful in 1859 when Alexander John Cuzawas elected " Domnitor" of the two Danubian Principalities. He later served several times as minister and once, for only half a year, as Prime Minister under Prince Carol. He died at his estate in Rusăneşti, Olt County.
* [http://www.ohiou.edu/~Chastain/dh/golesa.htm "Golescu-Negru"] , by James Chastain, October 19, 2004, at the Encyclopedia of 1848 Revolutions.
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