Ion G. Duca

Ion G. Duca

Infobox Politician
honorific-prefix =
name = Ion G. Duca
honorific-suffix =

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office = President of the Council of Ministers
term_start = 14 November 1933
term_end = 30 December 1933
monarch = Carol II
predecessor = Alexandru Vaida-Voevod
successor = Constantin Angelescu
constituency =
majority =
birth_date = 1879
birth_place =
death_date = December 30, 1933
death_place = Sinaia train station, Romania
nationality =
party = National Liberal Party
spouse =
relations =
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website =
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Ion G. Duca (1879 - December 30, 1933) was prime minister of Romania from November 14 to December 30, 1933, when he was assassinated for his efforts to suppress the fascist Iron Guard movement.

Born in Bucharest, he entered Romania's Chamber of Deputies for the National Liberal Party in 1907 and served in the cabinet from 1914.

As part of a group of a group of professors, physicians, soldiers, etc., he helped bring Scouting to Romania ("see also Cercetaşii României").

Appointed foreign minister in 1922, he was an avid supporter of the Little Entente, formed between Romania, Yugoslavia, and Czechoslovakia to fend off Hungarian irredentist claims (Hungary claimed Transylvania, which Romania had been awarded after World War I) and prevent the Habsburg dynasty from returning to power in Central Europe.

In November, 1933, King Carol II asked him to head the government as prime minister in preparation for the December elections. In this capacity, Duca worked to keep the growing fascist movement in check, even outlawing their political arm, the Iron Guard. Shortly after, he was shot to death on the platform of the Sinaia train station by Nicolae Constantinescu, an Iron Guard supporter.

Duca wrote extensive memoirs about his experiences as a cabinet minister during World War I.

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