- Jinhan confederacy
Jinhan confederacy Hangul 진한 Hanja 辰韓 Revised Romanization Jinhan McCune–Reischauer Chinhan
Jinhan was a loose confederacy of chiefdoms that existed from around the 1st century BC to the 4th century AD in the southern Korean peninsula, to the east of the Nakdong River valley, Gyeongsang Province. Jinhan was one of the Samhan (or "Three Hans"), along with Byeonhan and Mahan. Apparently descending from the Jin state of southern Korea, Jinhan was absorbed by the later Silla, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.
History of Korea
This article is part of a series
Prehistory Jeulmun period Mumun period Gojoseon ?–108 BCE Wiman Joseon 194 BCE–108 BCE Proto–Three Kingdoms 300–57 BCE Buyeo, Goguryeo, Okjeo, Dongye Jin state, Samhan (Ma, Byeon, Jin) Four Commanderies of Han Three Kingdoms 57 BCE–668 Goguryeo 37 BCE–668 Baekje 18 BCE–660 Silla 57 BCE–935 Gaya 42–562 North and South States 698–926 Unified Silla 668–935 Balhae 698–926 Later Three Kingdoms 892–936 Taebong, Hubaekje, Silla Goryeo Dynasty 918–1392 Joseon Dynasty 1392–1897 Korean Empire 1897–1910 Colonial Korea 1910–1945 Provisional Gov't 1919–1948 Division of Korea 1945–present North, South Korea 1948–present By topic Timeline List of monarchs Linguistic history Science and technology history Art history Military history Naval history
Jinhan, like the other Samhan confederacies, arose out of the confusion and migration following the fall of Gojoseon in 108 BC.
Its relation to the earlier state of Jin is not clear, although the contemporary Chinese chronicle San Guo Zhi alleges that Jinhan was identical with Jin (while another record describes Jin as the predecessor of the Samhan as a whole). Jinhan and Byeonhan shared essentially the same culture, with varying religious customs, and apparently were not separated by a clear boundary.
The people claimed they were descendants of Qin dynasty migrants, fleeing Qin's force labor policies moved to the Mahan confederacy which give them the east land. The confederacy was also called Qinhan (秦韓). As immigrants, the kings have to be Mahan people. But there is no further archeleogical evidences to prove this is true.
According to the San Guo Zhi , Jinhan consisted of 12 statelets of 600 to 5000 families each divided from 6 statelets:
- Saro (사로국, 斯盧國), most powerful state in Jinhan, it is also called Seorabeol. In 503, Saro state renamed itself "Silla".
- Gijeo (기저국, 己柢國), present-day Andong.
- Bulsa (불사국, 不斯國), present-day Changnyeong.
- Geun-gi (근기국, 勤耆國), present-day Pohang or Cheongdo.
- Nanmirimidong (난미리미동국, 難彌理彌凍國), present-day Miryang. It is also called "Mirimidong".
- Yeomhae (염해국, 冉奚國), present-day Ulsan.
- Gunmi (군미국, 軍彌國), present-day Sacheon.
- Yeodam (여담국, 如湛國), present-day Gunwi.
- Horo (호로국, 戶路國), present-day Sangju.
- Juseon (주선국, 州鮮國), present-day Gyeongsan.
- Mayeon (마연국, 馬延國), present-day Miryang.
- U-yu (우유국, 優由國), present-day Cheongdo or Yeongdeok.
According to Samguk Sagi, the Silla Kingdom (around present-day Gyeongju), was founded by Bak Hyeokgeose in 57 BC, who united the six clans of Jinhan under his rule. The records are sparse and conflicting regarding the relationship of the names Jinhan, Saro, Seorabeol, and the later Silla kingdom.
We know little of the daily life of Jinhan people. The religion appears to have been shamanistic, and to have played an important role in politics as well. Agriculture was heavily dominated by rice, but also included substantial rearing of livestock including horses, cattle, and chickens.
Most theories indicate that Jinhan was located in the area later occupied by the Silla kingdom: the Gyeongju Basin and adjacent Sea of Japan coast. It would have been neighbored by the Byeonhan confederacy on the southwest, and by the much larger Mahan confederacy on the west. On the north it would have been bounded by the Chinese commanderies and the small coastal state of Dongye. However, some scholars place Jinhan in the Han River valley, bounded by Mahan on the north and Byeonhan on the south.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Jinhan Conquest — Saro, the most powerful statelet of the Jinhan confederacy, conquered each of the other statelets and later became Silla. Timeline *79? :U si and Kueo ch’il 1st part Northwards * 102 : Eumjipbeol (present day northern Gyeongju), 음즙벌국 * 104 :… … Wikipedia
Byeonhan confederacy — Byeonhan, also known as Byeonjin, was a loose confederacy of chiefdoms that existed from around the beginning of the Common Era to the 4th century in the southern Korean peninsula. Byeonhan was one of the Samhan (or Three Hans ), along with Mahan … Wikipedia
Mahan confederacy — Hangul 마한 Hanja 馬韓 Revised Romanization … Wikipedia
Samhan — Infobox Korean name hangul=삼한 hanja=三韓 rr=Samhan mr=Samhan Samhan refers to the ancient confederacies of Mahan, Jinhan, and Byeonhan in central and southern Korean peninsula, which were eventually absorbed into two of the Three Kingdoms of Korea … Wikipedia
History of Korea — This article is about the history of Korea, up to the division of Korea in 1945. See History of North Korea and History of South Korea for the post World War II period. History of Korea … Wikipedia
Hyeokgeose of Silla — Infobox Korean name hangul=박혁거세 거서간 hanja=linktext|朴|赫|居|世|居|西|干 rr=Bak Hyeokgeose Geoseogan mr=Pak Hyŏkkŏse KŏsŏganHyeokgeose of Silla (69 BCE 4 CE, r. 57 BCE ndash;4 CE), commonly called Park Hyeokgeose, was the founding monarch of Silla, one… … Wikipedia
Jin state — Infobox Korean name hangul=진국 hanja=辰國 rr=Jin guk mr=Chin guk Jin state was an early Iron Age state which occupied some portion of the southern Korean peninsula during the 2nd and 3rd centuries BCE, bordering the Korean kingdom Gojoseon to the… … Wikipedia
Jin (Korean state) — This article is about the ancient Korean state. For the Chinese Spring and Autumn Period state, see Jin (Chinese state). For other Chinese or Jurchen states named Jin, see Jin Dynasty. For the Shatuo state, see Later Tang Dynasty. Jin (Korean… … Wikipedia
Gyeongsangbuk — Gyeongsang du Nord Hangeul 경상북도 Hanja 慶尙北道 Romanisation révisée Gyeongsangbuk do McCune Reischauer Kyŏngsangpuk do … Wikipédia en Français
Dongyi — Gui (鬹) from Dawenkou culture Dongyi (traditional Chinese: 東夷; simplified Chinese: 东夷; pinyin … Wikipedia