Okjeo Hangul 옥저 Hanja 沃沮 Revised Romanization Okjeo McCune–Reischauer Okchŏ History of Korea
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Prehistory Jeulmun period Mumun period Gojoseon ?–108 BCE Wiman Joseon 194 BCE–108 BCE Proto–Three Kingdoms 300–57 BCE Buyeo, Goguryeo, Okjeo, Dongye Jin state, Samhan (Ma, Byeon, Jin) Four Commanderies of Han Three Kingdoms 57 BCE–668 Goguryeo 37 BCE–668 Baekje 18 BCE–660 Silla 57 BCE–935 Gaya 42–562 North and South States 698–926 Unified Silla 668–935 Balhae 698–926 Later Three Kingdoms 892–936 Taebong, Hubaekje, Silla Goryeo Dynasty 918–1392 Joseon Dynasty 1392–1897 Korean Empire 1897–1910 Colonial Korea 1910–1945 Provisional Gov't 1919–1948 Division of Korea 1945–present North, South Korea 1948–present By topic Timeline List of monarchs Linguistic history Science and technology history Art history Military history Naval history
Dong-okjeo was often simply called Okjeo, while Buk-okjeo was also sometimes referred to as Chiguru (置溝婁, 치구루) or Guru (구루), the latter name being also applied to Goguryeo. Okjeo bordered the other minor state of Dongye on the south, and shared a similar fate.
Olgi means Mineral spring in Ewenki language.
In its early history, Okjeo oscillated between domination by the Chinese commanderies and by Goguryeo. From the 3rd century BCE to 108 BCE, it was controlled by Gojoseon due to the constant interference of its neighbors, Okjeo never grew into a fully centralized kingdom.
In the 1st or 2nd century CE, King Taejo of Goguryeo reduced Okjeo to a tributary, which delivered local products to Goguryeo. During the 244 Wei Invasion of Goguryeo, Goguryeo’s King Dongcheon briefly retreated to North Okjeo, and in 285, the Buyeo court also temporarily escaped to Okjeo under northern nomadic attacks.
In early 5th century, Okjeo was completely conquered by Gwanggaeto the Great of Goguryeo.
Language and culture
Our knowledge of Okjeo culture is fragmentary. As with the Dongye and Okjeo's language, food, clothing, architecture, and customs were similar to that of Goguryeo. The Okjeo people practiced arranged marriage by which the child-bride lived with the child-groom's family until adulthood, and they interred the dead of a family in a single coffin.
- Byeon Tae-seop (변태섭) (1999). 韓國史通論 (Hanguksa tongnon) (Outline of Korean history), 4th ed.. ISBN 89-445-9101-6.
- Lee, K. (1984). A new history of Korea. Tr. by E.W. Wagner & E.J. Schulz, based on the 1979 Korean ed. Seoul: Iljogak. ISBN 89-337-0204-0
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