Wiman Joseon


Wiman Joseon

Infobox Korean name
hangul=위만조선
hanja=衛滿朝鮮
rr=Wiman Joseon
mr=Wiman Chosn

Wiman Joseon (194 - 108 BC) was the part of the Gojoseon period (2333 BC - 108 BC) of Korean history. It began with Wiman's seizure of the throne from Gojoseon's King Jun and ended with the death of King Ugeo who was a grandson of Wiman.

Founding

Wiman is said to have been a general from the Chinese state of Yan, who submitted to Gojoseon's King Jun. Jun accepted and appointed Wiman as the commander of the western border region of Gojoseon, where corresponds to the west of Liaoning. Despite the generosity that King Jun had demonstrated, Wiman revolted and destroyed Gojoseon. In 194 BCE, he established Wiman Joseon and decide his capital in Wanggeom-seong (왕검성, 王險城). Shihchi jijie says that Wanggeom-seong is Pyongyang city [ Shihchi jijie(史記集解), Chapter 115 Records of Joseon [http://staff.whsh.tc.edu.tw/~huanyin/anfa_shi_chi_115.htm] ] .

In this period, Wiman Joseon expanded to control a vast territory and became strong economically by controlling trade between China's Han Dynasty and many nations at Manchuria. Emperor Wu of Han was thought that Wiman Joseon increasingly threatened Han China, and Wiman Joseon would ally with the Xiongnu.

Fall

Wiman's grandson, King Ugeo (우거,右渠), allowed many exiles from Han China to live in Wiman Joseon, and their numbers of exiles were so significant. In addition, Wiman prevented Jin state from communicating with the Han Dynasty. Thus, in 109 BC, Wudi of China invaded against Wiman Joseon near the Luan River, but Wudi had failed several times to destroyed Wiman Joseon. So, Han Wudi tried to conciliate the princes of Wiman Joseon to kill the king Ugeo of Wiman Joseon [ [http://staff.whsh.tc.edu.tw/~huanyin/anfa_shi_chi_115.htm §µªZ¥»¬ö²Ä¤Q¤G ] ] , which was the cause of destruction of the entire Gojoseon. After the war of Han China and Wiman Joseon, Wudi of Han China sentenced the two generals to death for failing the war against Wiman Joseon [ [http://staff.whsh.tc.edu.tw/~huanyin/anfa_shi_chi_115.htm §µªZ¥»¬ö²Ä¤Q¤G ] ] . For more details of the war between Wiman Joseon and Han China, see the authoritative Chinese history book Shiji (Chapter 115) by Sima Qian.

After a year of battle, Wanggeom-seong was captured Wiman Joseon was destroyed. Han China established Four Commanderies of Han in the captured areas, which corresponds to the current North Korea, and eastern Liaoning. The Commanderies eventually fell to the rising Goguryeo. Several nations were formed in its place. Among them was the Nangnang Nation, which was founded by Choe Song (최송) The Nangnang nation must be differentiated from the Lelang commandery [New History of Korea. Written by Lee Hyun Hee, Park Sung Soo, Yoon Nae Hyun, published by Jimundang, Published year 2005] .

References

* http://www.country-data.com/cgi-bin/query/r-9500.html
* http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Asia-and-Oceania/Korea-Democratic-People-s-Republic-of-DPRK-HISTORY.html
* http://www.bartleby.com/65/ko/Korea.html
* http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/ht/04/eak/ht04eak.htm
* http://www.metmuseum.org/explore/publications/pdfs/korea/divided/History-Religions.pdf
* http://www.nytimes.com/books/first/c/cumings-korea.html?_r=1&oref=slogin
* http://www.mmtaylor.net/Literacy_Book/DOCS/Part_2_Korea.html

ee also

* List of Korea-related topics
* History of Korea
* List of Korean monarchs


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Joseon Dynasty — Joseon redirects here. For other uses, see Joseon (disambiguation). Kingdom of Joseon 조선국 (朝鮮國)[1] 조선왕조 (朝鮮王朝) …   Wikipedia

  • Wiman — ist der koreanische Name von Wei Man, König von Go Joseon im 2. Jahrhundert v. Chr. Wiman ist der Familienname von: Anders Wiman (1865–1959), schwedischer Mathematiker Carl Wiman (1867–1944), schwedischer Paläontologe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Go-Joseon — Koreanische Schreibweise koreanisches Alphabet: 고조선 chinesische Schriftzeichen: 古朝鮮 Revidierte Romanisierung: Go Joseon McCune Reischauer: Ko Josŏn …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gija Joseon — Infobox East Asian title=Gija Joseon hangul=기자조선 hanja=箕子朝鮮 rr=Gija Joseon mr=Kija Josŏn pinyin=Jīshì Cháoxiān wg=Chi tzu Ch ao hsien tradchi=箕氏朝鮮 simpchi=箕氏朝鲜Gija Joseon (? 194 BC) describes the period after the alleged arrival of Gija in… …   Wikipedia

  • Gojoseon — 고조선 (古朝鮮) ?–108 BC …   Wikipedia

  • History of Korea — This article is about the history of Korea, up to the division of Korea in 1945. See History of North Korea and History of South Korea for the post World War II period. History of Korea …   Wikipedia

  • Three Confederate States of Gojoseon — The Three Gojoseon kingdoms are states noted in history texts such as Joseon Sangosa [Joseon Sangosa. Sin Chaeho. (1931) ISBN : 8947210331] (1924 25), and has been researched by several historians [김정배, 고조선 연구의 사적 고찰 (Historical Survey on… …   Wikipedia

  • Beonjoseon — (번조선) (2333 BC 194 BC) was the westernmost of Gojoseon s three confederate states. It was ruled by the Chi family until 6857 BC, when Suhan, the last Chi Vice dangun died and was succeeded by Gihu of the Gi family. Location Beonjoseon extended… …   Wikipedia

  • Geschichte Koreas — Das geteilte Korea Nordkoreanisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Koreanische Geschichte — Das geteilte Korea Nordkoreanische Schreibweise Hangeul …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.