- Wiman Joseon
Infobox Korean name
Wiman Joseon (194 - 108 BC) was the part of the
Gojoseonperiod (2333 BC - 108 BC) of Korean history. It began with Wiman's seizure of the throne from Gojoseon's King Jun and ended with the death of King Ugeo who was a grandson of Wiman.
Wiman is said to have been a general from the Chinese state of Yan, who submitted to Gojoseon's King Jun. Jun accepted and appointed Wiman as the commander of the western border region of Gojoseon, where corresponds to the west of
Liaoning. Despite the generosity that King Jun had demonstrated, Wiman revolted and destroyed Gojoseon. In 194 BCE, he established Wiman Joseon and decide his capital in Wanggeom-seong(왕검성, 王險城). Shihchi jijie says that Wanggeom-seong is Pyongyangcity [ Shihchi jijie(史記集解), Chapter 115 Records of Joseon [http://staff.whsh.tc.edu.tw/~huanyin/anfa_shi_chi_115.htm] ] .
In this period, Wiman Joseon expanded to control a vast territory and became strong economically by controlling trade between China's
Han Dynastyand many nations at Manchuria. Emperor Wu of Hanwas thought that Wiman Joseon increasingly threatened Han China, and Wiman Joseon would ally with the Xiongnu.
Wiman's grandson, King Ugeo (우거,右渠), allowed many exiles from Han China to live in Wiman Joseon, and their numbers of exiles were so significant. In addition, Wiman prevented
Jin statefrom communicating with the Han Dynasty. Thus, in 109 BC, Wudi of China invaded against Wiman Joseon near the Luan River, but Wudi had failed several times to destroyed Wiman Joseon. So, Han Wudi tried to conciliate the princes of Wiman Joseon to kill the king Ugeo of Wiman Joseon [ [http://staff.whsh.tc.edu.tw/~huanyin/anfa_shi_chi_115.htm §µªZ¥»¬ö²Ä¤Q¤G ] ] , which was the cause of destruction of the entire Gojoseon. After the war of Han China and Wiman Joseon, Wudi of Han China sentenced the two generals to death for failing the war against Wiman Joseon [ [http://staff.whsh.tc.edu.tw/~huanyin/anfa_shi_chi_115.htm §µªZ¥»¬ö²Ä¤Q¤G ] ] . For more details of the war between Wiman Joseon and Han China, see the authoritative Chinese history book Shiji(Chapter 115) by Sima Qian.
After a year of battle, Wanggeom-seong was captured Wiman Joseon was destroyed. Han China established
Four Commanderies of Hanin the captured areas, which corresponds to the current North Korea, and eastern Liaoning. The Commanderies eventually fell to the rising Goguryeo. Several nations were formed in its place. Among them was the Nangnang Nation, which was founded by Choe Song(최송) The Nangnang nationmust be differentiated from the Lelangcommandery [New History of Korea. Written by Lee Hyun Hee, Park Sung Soo, Yoon Nae Hyun, published by Jimundang, Published year 2005] .
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