- 1990 Commonwealth Games
14th Commonwealth Games Host city Auckland, New Zealand Motto This is the Moment Nations participating 55 Athletes participating 2,073 Events 205 events in 10 sports Opening ceremony 24 January 1990 Closing ceremony 3 February 1990 Officially opened by Prince Edward Queen's Baton Final Runner Mark Todd and Peter Snell Main Stadium Mt Smart Stadium
The 1990 Commonwealth Games were held in Auckland, New Zealand from 24 January-3 February 1990. It was the 14th Commonwealth Games, and part of New Zealand's 1990 sesquicentennial celebrations. Participants competed in ten sports: athletics, aquatics, badminton, boxing, cycling, gymnastics, judo, lawn bowls, shooting and weightlifting. The Triathlon was a demonstration event.
The main venue was the Mt Smart Stadium, see New Zealand at the 1990 Commonwealth Games. The Games were awarded to Auckland 27 July 1984 at the Los Angeles Summer Olympics. Perth, Australia had withdrawn from the bid contest leaving New Delhi, India as the sole opponent to Auckland 1990.
- 1 Bidding process
- 2 Opening ceremony
- 3 Closing ceremony
- 4 Medals
- 5 Medals by event
- 6 References
1990 Commonwealth Games bidding results City Round 1 Auckland 20 New Delhi 11
The opening of the games comprised a variety of events, including the arrival of The Queen's representative Prince Edward (her youngest son), the arrival of the Queen's Baton and many Māori ceremonial stories.
The opening ceremony itself started off with the Auckland Commonwealth Games Choir singing the Song of Welcome. Upon the arrival of Prince Edward, the Māori in attendance, gave him a Challenge of a welcome. This is conducted by a Māori placing a wooden batton on the ground. To see if the visitor comes in peace or not, the visitor must pick it up.
The New Zealand national anthem "God Defend New Zealand" was sung during a ceremonial fourteen gun salute from nearby One Tree Hill. This was followed by the New Zealand Army Guard Commander allowing Prince Edward to inspect the guard of honour. After which was the introduction of the participating countries of the Commonwealth. During the introduction of the countries, the choir at attendance would display the flag of the announced country with boards.
When all the athletes finally sat down, the main Māori ceremonies began. First of the Māori ceremonies was all the Māori women performing a "Song of Welcome" for the athletes with the use of Poi. The Māori women then gave some of the athletes a Hongi. Next was the Māori story of how New Zealand was formed, performed by many New Zealanders and organised by Logan Brewer. It involved a narration of how the Polynesians found their way to what was to become New Zealand. In the middle of the performance, a re-enactment was performed of how New Zealand was formed between Rangi and Papa (the sky father and earth mother). The story then moved on to the coming of religion and European migration. This was demonstrated with a formation of the Union Jack, to show the colonisation by the British. Dame Whina Cooper then made a speech about the Treaty of Waitangi signed in 1840 that brought about peace and stability of modern New Zealand.
Introduction of the European communities was next with music and native European dancing from Scotland, Ireland, Austria, Wales and England. From here, many of the neighbouring Pacific Islanders made their entrance with the rhythmic tempo of the Pacific Island drum beat. This was to show the then complete migration of people to New Zealand.
New Zealand performer Howard Morrison then lead New Zealand in singing the folk song Tukua-a-hau. After Howard Morrison, the Queen's Baton arrived at the stadium where Prince Edward announced the opening of the games which was followed by the Athletes Pledge.
Fireworks followed and was capped off with a night time flyover by nine A-4 Skyhawk jets of the Royal New Zealand Air Force. The ceremony was concluded by the singing of the game's motto "This is the moment" as performers and athletes exited the stadium.
A more relaxed affair was held for the 14th Commonwealth Games closing ceremony, reflecting that of Christchurch in 1974. Attended by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, formality and respect played their due part in the beginning with formal salute and the acceptance of the Commonwealth Games flag to the next host city, Victoria, Canada. This was followed by a Native American and modern Canadian dancing display.
Then the fun began with thousands of children entering the stadium with a mass jumprope demonstration, followed by the Athletes themselves. The Queen then made the traditional closing speech and called for all the Commonwealth's athletes to assemble in four years time in Victoria BC in 1994. As the evening wore on, opera singer Dame Kiri Te Kanawa sang "Now is the Hour" a favorite New Zealand hymn as the Royal New Zealand Airforce's A4 Skyhawks made one final swooping flyover of Mt Smart Stadium followed by fireworks. It was then Her Majesty, Prince Phillip, and the popular Prince Edward exited the stadium standing in open top vehicles.
This is the full table of the medal count of the 1990 Commonwealth Games. These rankings sort by the number of gold medals earned by a country. The number of silvers is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze. If, after the above, countries are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically. This follows the system used by the IOC, IAAF and BBC.
Figures from Commonwealth Games Foundation website.
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total 1 Australia 52 54 56 162 2 England 46 40 42 128 3 Canada 35 41 37 113 4 New Zealand 17 14 27 58 5 India 13 8 11 32 6 Wales 10 3 12 25 7 Kenya 6 9 3 18 8 Nigeria 5 13 7 25 9 Scotland 5 7 10 22 10 Malaysia 2 2 0 4 11 Jamaica 2 0 2 4 Uganda 2 0 2 4 13 Northern Ireland 1 3 5 9 14 Nauru 1 2 0 3 15 Hong Kong 1 1 3 5 16 Cyprus 1 1 0 2 17 Bangladesh 1 0 1 2 Jersey 1 0 1 2 19 Bermuda 1 0 0 1 Guernsey 1 0 0 1 Papua New Guinea 1 0 0 1 22 Zimbabwe 0 2 1 3 23 Ghana 0 2 0 2 24 Tanzania 0 1 2 3 25 Zambia 0 0 3 3 26 Bahamas 0 0 2 2 Western Samoa 0 0 2 2 28 Guyana 0 0 1 1 Malta 0 0 1 1 Total 204 203 231 638
Medals by event
- At these games, the Triathlon was a demonstration event; won by Erin Baker (women) and Rick Wells (men), both from New Zealand.
- See also 1990 in athletics (track and field)
Event Gold Silver Bronze Mixed Mixed Team England Canada Hong Kong Mixed Doubles Hong Kong
Chan Chi Choi
Men Men's Singles Rashid Sidek (MAS) Foo Kok Keong (MAS) Darren Hall (ENG) Men's Doubles Malaysia
Razif Sidek (MAS)
Cheah Soon Kit
Women Women's Singles Fiona Smith (Elliott) (ENG) Denyse Julian (CAN) Helen Troke (ENG) Women's Doubles England
Fiona Smith (Elliott)
Event Gold Silver Bronze Men Singles Rob Parrella (AUS) Mark McMahon (HKG) Richard Corsie (SCO) Pairs Australia
Fours Scotland Northern Ireland New Zealand Women Singles Geua Tau (PNG) Millie Khan (NZL) Margaret Johnston (NIR) Pairs New Zealand
Fours Australia New Zealand Hong Kong
Event Gold Silver Bronze Men Light Flyweight Justin Juuko (UGA) Abdurahaman Ramadhani (KEN) Domenic Figliomeni (CAN)
Dharmendar Yadav (IND)
Flyweight Wayne McCullough (NIR) Nokuthula Tshabangu (ZIM) Born Siwakwi (ZAM)
Maurice Maina (KEN)
Bantamweight Mohammed Sabo (NGR) Geronimo Bie (CAN) Justin Chikwanda (ZAM)
Wesley Christmas (GUY)
Featherweight John Irwin (ENG) Haji Ally (TAN) David Gakuha (KEN)
James Nicolson (AUS)
Lightweight Godfrey Nyakana (UGA) Justin Rowsell (AUS) B. Mambeya (TAN)
David Anderson (SCO)
Light Welterweight Charlie Kane (SCO) Nicodemus Odore (KEN) Stefan Scriggins (AUS)
Duke Chinyadza (ZIM)
Welterweight David Defiagbon (NGR) Greg Johnson (CAN) Anthony Mwaba (ZAM)
Grahame Cheney (AUS)
Light Middleweight Richie Woodhall (ENG) Ray Downey (CAN) Sililo Figota (SAM)
Andy Creary (NZL)
Middleweight Chris Johnson (CAN) Ashiao Joseph Laryea (GHA) Charles Matata (UGA)
Mark Edwards (ENG)
Light Heavyweight Joseph Akhasamba (KEN) Dale Brown (CAN) Nigel Anderson (NZL)
Abdu Kaddu (UGA)
Heavyweight George Onyango (KEN) Pat Jordan (CAN) Kevin Onwuka (NGR)
Emerio Fainuulua (SAM)
Super Heavyweight Michael Kenny (NZL) Liadi Alhassan (GHA) Vernon Linklater (CAN)
Paul Douglas (NIR)
Event Gold Silver Bronze Men Time Trial Martin Vinnicombe (AUS) 00:01:06 Gary Anderson (NZL) 00:01:07 Jon Andrews (NZL) 00:01:07 Sprint Gary Neiwand (AUS) Curt Harnett (CAN) Jon Andrews (NZL) Individual Pursuit Gary Anderson (NZL) 00:04:45 Mark Kingsland (AUS) 00:04:53 Darren Winter (AUS) 00:04:52 Team Pursuit New Zealand
00:04:27 10 Miles Scratch Gary Anderson (NZL) 00:19:44 Shaun O'Brien (AUS) 00:19:44 Steve McGlede (AUS) 00:19:44 Points Race Robert Burns (AUS) 81 Craig Connell (NZL) 72 Alistair Irvine (NIR) 39 Women Sprint Louise Jones (WAL) Julie Speight (AUS) Sue Golder (NZL) Individual Pursuit Madonna Harris (NZL) 00:03:55 Kathy Watt (AUS) 00:03:55 Kelly-Ann Way (CAN) 00:04:00
Event Gold Silver Bronze Men Road Race Graeme Miller (NZL) 04:34:00 Brian Fowler (NZL) 04:34:00 Scott Goguen (CAN) 04:34:05 Team Time Trial New Zealand 02:06:47 Canada 02:09:20 England
Event Gold Silver Bronze Men All-Around Curtis Hibbert (CAN) 57.95 Alan Nolet (CAN) 57.8 James May (ENG) 57.4 Team Canada 171.8 England 170.45 Australia 169.5 Horizontal Bar Curtis Hibbert (CAN)
Alan Nolet (CAN)
9.85 Brennon Dowrick (AUS) 9.8 Parallel Bars Curtis Hibbert (CAN) 9.8 Ken Meredith (AUS) 9.675 Peter Hogan (AUS) 9.6 Vault James May (ENG) 9.625 Curtis Hibbert (CAN) 9.575 Tim Lees (AUS) 9.25 Pommel Horse Brennon Dowrick (AUS) 9.825 Tim Lees (AUS) 9.725 James May (ENG) 9.7 Rings Curtis Hibbert (CAN) 9.775 James May (ENG) 9.75 Ken Meredith (AUS) 9.725 Floor Neil Thomas (ENG) 9.75 Alan Nolet (CAN) 9.675 Curtis Hibbert (CAN) 9.6 Women All-Around Lori Strong (CAN) 38.912 Monique Allen (AUS) 38.687 Kylie Shadbolt (AUS) 38.499 Team Canada 18:48:58 Australia 06:31:41 England 01:06:14 Asymmetric Bars Monique Allen (AUS) 9.875 Lori Strong (CAN) 9.85 Michelle Telfer (AUS) 9.737 Beam Lori Strong (CAN) 9.85 Larissa Lowing (CAN) 9.762 Kylie Shadbolt (AUS) 9.7 Vault Nikki Jenkins (NZL) 9.712 Lori Strong (CAN) 9.643 Monique Allen (AUS) 9.506 Floor Lori Strong (CAN) 9.887 Larissa Lowing (CAN) 9.762 Kylie Shadbolt (AUS) 9.675
Event Gold Silver Bronze Women All-Around Mary Fuzesi (CAN) 37.65 Madonna Gimotea (CAN) 37.25 Angela Walker (NZL) 36.9 Ball Madonna Gimotea (CAN) 9.45 Mary Fuzesi (CAN) 9.4 Angela Walker (NZL) 9.25 Hoop Mary Fuzesi (CAN) 9.4 Madonna Gimotea (CAN) 9.2 Raewyn Jack (NZL)
Alitia Sands (ENG)
Viva Seifert (ENG)
9.1 Ribbon Mary Fuzesi (CAN) 9.4 Madonna Gimotea (CAN) 9.3 Raewyn Jack (NZL)
Viva Seifert (ENG)
Angela Walker (NZL)
9.2 Rope Angela Walker (NZL) 9.3 Madonna Gimotea (CAN) 9.275 Mary Fuzesi (CAN) 9.25
Event Gold Silver Bronze Men Extra Lightweight Carl Finney (ENG) Kevin West (CAN) James Charles (WAL)
Narender Singh (IND)
Half Lightweight Brent Cooper (NZL) Mark Preston (SCO) Mark Adshead (ENG)
Jean-Pierre Cantin (CAN)
Lightweight Roy Stone (ENG) Majemite Omagbaluwaje (NGR) William Cusack (SCO)
Colin Savage (NIR)
Half Middleweight David Southby (ENG) Graeme Spinks (NZL) Gavin Kelly (AUS) Middleweight Densign White (ENG) Winston Sweatman (SCO) Chris Bacon (AUS)
Rajinder Dhanger (IND)
Half Heavyweight Ray Stevens (ENG) Dean Lampkin (AUS) Graham Campbell (SCO)
James Kendrick (CAN)
Heavyweight Elvis Gordon (ENG) Tom Greenway (CAN) Wayne Watson (NZL) Open Elvis Gordon (ENG) Mario Laroche (CAN) Graham Campbell (SCO)
Majemite Omagbaluwaje (NGR)
Women Extra Lightweight Karen Briggs (ENG) Helen Duston (WAL) Julie Reardon (AUS)
Donna Robertson (SCO)
Half Lightweight Sharon Rendle (ENG) Claire Shiach (SCO) Catherine Grainger (AUS)
Lisa Griffiths (WAL)
Lightweight Loretta Cusack (SCO) Suzanne Williams (AUS) Ann Hughes (ENG)
Moira Sutton (WAL)
Half Middleweight Diane Bell (ENG) Donna Guy-Halkyard (NZL) Mandy Clayton (CAN)
Laurie Pace (MLT)
Middleweight Sharon Mills (ENG) Karen Hayde (CAN) Narelle Hill (AUS)
Joyce Malley (NIR)
Half Heavyweight Jane Morris (ENG) Alison Webb (CAN) Phillipa Knowles (WAL)
Christy Obekpa (NGR)
Heavyweight Sharon Lee (ENG) Geraldine Dekker (AUS) Ruth Vondy (IOM)
Open Sharon Lee (ENG) Jane Patterson (CAN) Geraldine Dekker (AUS)
Nicola Morris (NZL)
Event Gold Silver Bronze Men/Open Free Pistol Phil Adams (AUS) 554 Bengt Sandstrom (AUS) 549 Gilbert U (HKG) 549 Free Pistol - Pairs Australia
1106 New Zealand
1078 Centre-Fire Pistol Ashok Pandit (IND) 583 Surinder Marwah (IND) 577 Bruce Quick (AUS) 576 Centre-Fire Pistol - Pairs Australia
1155 New Zealand
1142 Rapid-Fire Pistol Adrian Breton (GUE) 583 Pat Murray (AUS) 582 Michael Jay (WAL) 579 Rapid-Fire Pistol - Pairs Australia
Mark Howkins (CAN)
1133 Air Pistol Bengt Sandström (AUS) 580 Phil Adams (AUS) 574 David Lowe (ENG) 574 Air Pistol - Pairs Bangladesh
1138 New Zealand
Event Gold Silver Bronze Men/Open Small Bore Rifle, Prone Roger Harvey (NZL) 591 Stephen Petterson (NZL) 590 Philip Scanlan (ENG) 590 Small Bore Rifle, Prone - Pairs New Zealand
1180 Small Bore Rifle, Three Positions Mart Klepp (CAN) 1157 Malcolm Cooper (ENG) 1154 Soma Dutta (IND) 1143 Small Bore Rifle, Three Positions - Pairs Canada
2258 Full Bore Rifle Colin Mallett (JER) 394 Andrew Tucker (ENG) 390 James Corbett (AUS) 390 Full Bore Rifle - Pairs England
564 Air Rifle Guy Lorion (CAN) 583 Chris Hector (ENG) 578 Mart Klepp (CAN) 577 Air Rifle - Pairs Canada
1148 Running Target Colin Robertson (AUS) 539 John Maddison (ENG) 539 Tony Clarke (NZL) 535 Running Target - Pairs New Zealand
Event Gold Silver Bronze Men/Open Trap John Maxwell (AUS) 184 Kevin Gill (ENG) 183 Ian Peel (ENG) 179 Trap - Pairs England
178 Skeet Ken Harman (ENG) 187 Georgios Sakellis (CYP) 187 Andy Austin (ENG) 184 Skeet - Pairs Scotland
185 New Zealand
Event Gold Silver Bronze Men Flyweight - Snatch Chandersekaran Raghavan (IND) 105 Velu Govindraj (IND) 95 Greg Hayman (AUS) 90 Flyweight - Clean and Jerk Chandersekaran Raghavan (IND) 127.5 Greg Hayman (AUS) 117.5 Velu Govindraj (IND) 117.5 Flyweight - Overall Chandersekaran Raghavan (IND) 232.5 Velu Govindraj (IND) 212.5 Greg Hayman (AUS) 207.5 Bantamweight - Snatch Rangaswamy Punnuswamy (IND) 110 Alan Ogilvie (SCO) 107.5 Denis Aumais (CAN) 102.5 Bantamweight - Clean and Jerk Rangaswamy Punnuswamy (IND) 137.5 Gopal Maruthachelam (IND) 125 Alan Ogilvie (SCO) 122.5 Bantamweight - Overall Rangaswamy Punnuswamy (IND) 247.5 Alan Ogilvie (SCO) 230 Gopal Maruthachelam (IND) 227.5 Featherweight - Snatch Marcus Stephen (NRU) 112.5 Parvesh Chandra Sharma (IND) 112.5 Kumarasan Sudalaimani (IND) 110 Featherweight - Clean and Jerk Parvesh Chandra Sharma (IND) 145 Marcus Stephen (NRU) 142.5 Kumarasan Sudalaimani (IND) 142.5 Featherweight - Overall Parvesh Chandra Sharma (IND) 257.5 Marcus Stephen (NRU) 255 Kumarasan Sudalaimani (IND) 252.5 Lightweight - Snatch Paramjit Sharma (IND) 130 Lawrence Iquaibom (NGR) 130 Mark Blair (AUS) 127.5 Lightweight - Clean and Jerk Paramjit Sharma (IND) 165 Lawrence Iquaibom (NGR) 160 Mark Roach (WAL) 155 Lightweight - Overall Paramjit Sharma (IND) 295 Lawrence Iquaibom (NGR) 290 Mark Roach (WAL) 280 Middleweight - Snatch Karnadhar Mondal (IND) 135 Karl Jones (WAL) 135 Ron Laycock (AUS) 132.5 Middleweight - Clean and Jerk Ron Laycock (AUS) 177.5 Karnadhar Mondal (IND) 170 Damian Brown (AUS) 167.5 Middleweight - Overall Ron Laycock (AUS) 310 Karnadhar Mondal (IND) 305 Benoît Gagné (CAN) 292.5 Light Heavyweight - Snatch David Morgan (WAL) 155 Muyiwa Odusanya (NGR) 152.5 Sylvain Leblanc (CAN) 145 Light Heavyweight - Clean and Jerk David Morgan (WAL) 192.5 Soronomathu Ramaswamy (IND) 182.5 Muyiwa Odusanya (NGR) 180 Light Heavyweight - Overall David Morgan (WAL) 347.5 Muyiwa Odusanya (NGR) 332.5 Andy Callard (ENG) 317.5 Middle Heavyweight - Snatch Duncan Dawkins (ENG) 162.5 Keith Boxell (ENG) 152.5 Harvey Goodman (AUS) 150 Middle Heavyweight - Clean and Jerk Duncan Dawkins (ENG) 195 Keith Boxell (ENG) 192.5 Harvey Goodman (AUS) 190 Middle Heavyweight - Overall Duncan Dawkins (ENG) 357.5 Keith Boxell (ENG) 345 Harvey Goodman (AUS) 340 Sub Heavyweight - Snatch Andrew Saxton (ENG) 165 Peter May (ENG) 145 Guy Greavette (CAN) 140 Sub Heavyweight - Clean and Jerk Andrew Saxton (ENG) 197.5 Peter May (ENG) 175 Guy Greavette (CAN) 175 Sub Heavyweight - Overall Andrew Saxton (ENG) 362.5 Peter May (ENG) 320 Guy Greavette (CAN) 315 Heavyweight - Snatch Mark Thomas (ENG) 160 Jason Roberts (AUS) 152.5 Steve Wilson (WAL) 152.5 Heavyweight - Clean and Jerk Mark Thomas (ENG) 197.5 Jason Roberts (AUS) 192.5 Aled Arnold (WAL) 187.5 Heavyweight - Overall Mark Thomas (ENG) 357.5 Jason Roberts (AUS) 345 Aled Arnold (WAL) 335 Super Heavyweight - Snatch Andrew Davies (WAL) 180 Aduche Ojadi (NGR) 177.5 Steven Kettner (AUS) 172.5 Super Heavyweight - Clean and Jerk Andrew Davies (WAL) 222.5 Aduche Ojadi (NGR) 222.5 Steven Kettner (AUS) 205 Super Heavyweight - Overall Andrew Davies (WAL) 402.5 Aduche Ojadi (NGR) 400 Steven Kettner (AUS) 377.5
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