- Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily
Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily Princess of Asturias Tenure 6 October 1802 - 21 May 1806 Spouse Ferdinand, Prince of Asturias Full name Maria Antonietta Teresa Amelia Giovanna Battista Francesca Gaetana Maria Anna Lucia House House of Bourbon
House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
Father Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies Mother Maria Carolina of Austria Born 14 December 1784
Caserta Palace, Caserta, Italy
Died 21 May 1806(aged 21)
Royal Palace of Aranjuez, Aranjuez, Spain
Burial Royal Monastery of El Escorial, Spain Religion Roman Catholic
Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily (14 December 1784 – 21 May 1806), was a Spanish crown princess. She was the youngest daughter of Ferdinand, King of Naples and Sicily, and Maria Carolina of Austria. She was named after her mother's favorite sister, Marie Antoinette, Queen of France.
She was known as Maria Antonia and was born at the Caserta Palace in Caserta, Italy. She was an intelligent girl, having by the age of seventeen learned several languages. One witness described her with the following words:
"The Princess of Asturias is a worthy granddaughter of Maria Theresa of Austria, and seems to inherit her character as well as her virtues."
In a series of dynastic alliances, Maria Antonia became engaged to Infante Ferdinand, Prince of Asturias (who later became King Ferdinand VII of Spain), while her eldest brother, Francis, became engaged to Infante Ferdinand's sister Infanta Maria Isabella of Spain. On 4 October 1802, Maria Antonia married Infante Ferdinand in Barcelona, Spain. However, her letters to her mother showed her deep disillusionment with her husband, who was ugly and bad-mannered. Her mother, Queen Maria Carolina, wrote the following lines on the subject to one of her friends:The Prince of Asturias has an ugly face, a tubby figure, round knees and legs, a piping delicate voice, and is utterly stupid. Though he is physically amorous, they are not yet husband and wife after sleeping together a week. He is disagreeable, dull, as lazy as his sister, and he never leaves his wife a single moment. He has no education, an unpleasant continuous giggle; and their existence is cramped, without comforts or amenities, and subjected to scandalous espionage. Poor Antoinette sends letters that make me weep. She writes: "Mother, you have been deceived. For you are too good a mother to have sacrificed me like this if you had known." She says again: "I shall not live, but I wish to behave well and deserve eternal life."
In addition, the princess failed to provide the expected heir to the throne: her two pregnancies, in 1804 and 1805, ended in miscarriages. Her mother, Maria Carolina, always full of hatred towards France and the Spanish monarchs, tried to plot to destroy Spain's ties to France and used her daughter for this end, even suggesting to poison the Queen of Spain and Godoy. Maria Antonia's mother-in-law, Maria Luisa, discovered the plot and started to despise Maria Antonia. In one of her letters she described Maria Antonia as
"the spittle of her mother, a venomous viper, an animal filled with gall and poison instead of blood, a half-dead frog and a diabolical snake."
Queen Maria Luisa, who feared her daughter-in-law wanted to poison her, began to subject her books and clothes to scrutiny. In spite of all of this, Maria Antonia managed to gain ascendancy over her dull husband and created an opposition party against Queen Maria Luisa and her favorite Manuel Godoy.
It was rumoured that Maria Antonia had been poisoned by Maria Luisa and Godoy, although there is no actual evidence. However, Queen Maria Carolina, who was devastated, truly believed this. Maria Antonia's father, King Ferdinand, consolidated Naples and Sicily into the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies a decade after her death.
The Neapolitan princess was buried at El Escorial in Spain. Her husband was to marry three more times;
- Infanta Maria Isabel of Portugal in Madrid on 29 September 1816; the couple had two children who both died young;
- Maria Josepha of Saxony on 20 October 1819, but bore him no children;
- Maria Antonia's niece (born a month before her death), Princess Maria Christina of Naples and Sicily (more often known as of the Two Sicilies) with whom Ferdinand had the future Isabella II of Spain.
- EPTON, Nina, The Spanish mousetrap: Napoleon and the Court of Spain (London: Macdonald, 1973).
- HILT, Douglas, The troubled trinity: Godoy and the Spanish monarchs (Tuscaloosa; London: University of Alabama Press, 1987).
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 14 December 1784 - 6 October 1802 Her Royal Highness Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily
- 6 October 1802 - 21 May 1806 Her Royal Highness The Princess of Asturias, Infanta of Spain etc.
- 6 October 1802 - 21 May 1806 108th Member of the Royal Order for Nobles Ladies of Maria Luisa
1st Generation 2nd GenerationCaroline, Duchess of Berry · Luisa Carlotta, Infanta Francisco de Paula of Spain · Maria Christina, Queen of Spain · Maria Antonia, Grand Duchess of Tuscany · Maria Amalia, Infanta Sebastian of Portugal and Spain · Maria Carolina, Countess of Montemolín · Theresa Christina, Empress of Brazil · Maria Carolina, Duchess of Aumale 3rd GenerationMaria Annunciata, Archduchess Charles Louis of Austria · Maria Immaculata, Archduchess Karl Salvator of Austria-Tuscany · Maria Pia, Duchess of Parma · Maria Immacolata, Countess of Bardi · Princess Maria Isabella · Maria Antonietta, Countess of Caserta · Princess Maria Theresa · Maria Carolina, Countess Andrzej Zamoyski · Princess Maria Annuziata 4th Generation
Princess Cristina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies · Maria Teresa, Princess of Hohenzollern · Maria Immaculata, Princess Johann Georg of Saxony · Maria Cristina, Archduchess Peter Ferdinand of Austria-Tuscany · Maria di Grazia, Princess Imperial of Brazil · Princess Maria Giuseppina
5th GenerationPrincess Maria Antonietta · Princess Maria Cristina, Mrs. Manuel Sotomayor-Luna · Barbara, Countess Franz Xavier of Stolberg-Wernigerode · Lucia, Duchess of Genoa · Princess Urraca · Isabel Alfonsa, Countess Jan Kanty Zamoyski · Dolores, Princess Augustyn Józef Czartoryski · Mercedes, Countess of Barcelona · Esperanza, Princess Pedro Gastão of Orléans-Braganza · Princess Maria del Carmen · Princess Maria Margarita, Mrs. Luis Gonzaga Maldonado · Princess Maria Immaculata, Mrs. Miguel García de Sáez 6th GenerationTeresa, Machioness of Laula · Princess Inés, Mrs. Luis Morales · Beatrice, Princess Napoléon · Ana Maria, Baroness Cochin · Princess Maria Carolina, Mrs. Andreas Baumbach · Maria Annunziata, Countess Karl Friedik of Creutz · Anna Cecilia, Countess Rodolphe of Causans · Princess Elena 7th GenerationPrincess Cristina, Mrs. Pedro López-Quesada · María, Archduchess Simeon of Austria · Inés, Nobile Michele Carrelli Palombi · Princess Victoria, Mrs. Markos Nomikos · Princess Maria Carolina · Princess Maria Chiara · Princess Dorothée · Princess Anna Sophia Princesses of Asturias
Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano (2004-present)Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily (1802-1806) · Princess Maria Luisa of Parma (1765-1788) · Infanta Barbara of Portugal (1729-1746) · Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans (1722-1724) · Princess Elisabeth of France (1615-1621) · Mary I of England (1554-1556) · Infanta Maria Manuela of Portugal (1543-1545) · Archduchess Margaret of Austria (1497) · Blanche II of Navarre (1468-1474) · Catherine of Lancaster (1388-1406)
Infantas of Spain by marriage 1st generation 2nd generationnone 3rd generation 4th generationnone 5th generationnone 6th generationnone 7th generation 8th generation 9th generation 10th generation 11th generation 12th generation 13th generationPrincess Mercedes of the Two Sicilies · Princess Alicia of Parma 14th generation 15th generation *also an Infanta in her own right
**did not have a royal or noble title by birth but was admitted as Infanta
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