- Teresa, Princess of Beira
Infanta Maria Teresa of Portugal (or of Braganza; Portuguese pronunciation: [mɐˈɾiɐ tɨˈɾezɐ] or [ˈtɾezɐ]; April 29, 1793 – January 17, 1874) was the firstborn child of John VI of Portugal and Charlotte of Spain, and heir to the throne of Portugal between 1793 and 1795, until her short-lived brother António Pio was born.
Maria Teresa Francisca de Assis Antónia Carlota Joana Josefa Xavier de Paula Micaela Rafaela Isabel Gonzaga of Braganza was born in Ajuda, Lisbon in 1793. As the eldest child of the Portuguese monarch, she was granted the title Princess of Beira (given to the heir to the throne). Maria Teresa was the eldest daughter of King John VI of Portugal, then the heir-apparent of the reigning queen Maria I of Portugal, and his wife Carlota Joaquina, daughter of Charles IV of Spain.
She was married on May 13, 1810 in Rio de Janeiro (where the royal family was exiled because of the Napoleonic wars) to her cousin Infante Pedro Carlos, Prince of Spain and Portugal. She was widowed on May 26, 1812, but soon after gave birth to her only child, a son, Infante Sebastian of Portugal and Spain (1813–75).
Very conservative, she was an ally of her younger brother Miguel I of Portugal in his attempts to obtain the throne of Portugal (civil war 1826–34), and of her brother-in-law and uncle Infante Don Carlos, Count of Molina in his attempts to obtain the Spanish throne. In the last years of the reign of her uncle Ferdinand VII of Spain (died 1833), Teresa lived in Madrid and plotted to strengthen Don Carlos' position in succession. She participated in the First Carlist War (1833–39), being a leading supporter of Carlism, church and reactionary interests. Her sister Francisca, Titular Queen of Spain, wife of Carlos, died in 1834.
On 15 January 1837, the Cortes of Spain legislated her excluded from the Spanish succession, rights belonging to her in descent from her mother, on grounds of her being a rebel along with don Carlos. Her son Sebastian's rights were similarly excluded, but he was later, in 1859, restored in Spain. Also don Carlos' sons and Teresa's brother Miguel I of Portugal were excluded at the same law.
The next year she married again, in 1838, to her brother-in-law, uncle and longtime ally, Infante Carlos of Spain (1788–1855), whom she viewed as the rightful king of Spain; the widower of her sister Maria Francisca. The second marriage remained childless, but she took care of her stepsons, who were also her nephews.
They soon left Spain because of unsuccess in the civil war, and never returned. She died in Trieste on 17 January 1874, having survived her second husband by nineteen years.
Ancestors of Teresa, Princess of Beira 16. Peter II of Portugal 8. John V of Portugal 17. Maria Sofia of the Palatinate 4. Peter III of Portugal 18. Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor 9. Maria Anna of Austria 19. Eleonor Magdalene of the Palatinate 2. John VI of Portugal 20. John V of Portugal = 8 10. Joseph I of Portugal 21. Maria Anna of Austria =9 5. Maria I of Portugal 22. Philip V of Spain 11. Mariana Victoria of Spain 23. Elisabeth Farnese 1. Teresa, Princess of Beira 24. Philip V of Spain = 12. Charles III of Spain 25. Elisabeth Farnese 6. Charles IV of Spain 26. Augustus III of Poland 13. Maria Amalia of Saxony 27. Maria Josepha of Austria 3. Carlota Joaquina of Spain 28. Philip V of Spain 14. Philip, Duke of Parma 29. Elisabeth Farnese 7. Maria Luisa of Parma 30. Louis XV of France 15. Princess Louise Élisabeth of France 31. Marie Leszczyńska
The generations indicate descent form Afonso I, and continues through the House of Aviz, the House of Bourbon through Isabella of Portugal, and the House of Braganza through Infanta Catherine, Duchess of Braganza. 1st Generation 2nd Generation 3rd GenerationLeonor, Queen of Denmark • Infanta Maria 4th Generation 5th GenerationConstance, Queen of Castile and León • Maria, Lady of Menezes and Orduña • Isabel, Lady of Penela • Infanta Constança • Beatriz, Lady of Lemos 6th GenerationMaria, Queen of Castile and León • Infanta Isabel • Leonor, Queen of Aragon 7th GenerationMaria, Marchioness of Tortosa • Beatriz, Countess of Alburquerque 8th GenerationBeatriz I • Infanta Branca • Isabel, Duchess of Burgundy • Infanta Branca 9th Generation 10th GenerationLeonor, Queen of Portugal and the Algarve • Isabel, Duchess of Braganza • Infanta Catarina • Saint Joana, Princess of Portugal 11th Generation 12th Generation 13th GenerationIsabella Clara Eugenia, Co-Sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands* • Catherine Michelle, Duchess of Savoy* • Infanta Maria* 14th GenerationAnna, Queen of France* • Infanta Maria* Maria Anna, Holy Roman Empress* • Infanta Margarita Francisca* 15th Generation 16th Generation 17th Generation 18th Generation 19th GenerationInfanta Maria Isabel • Mariana Vitória, Infanta of Spain • Infanta Maria Clementina 20th Generation 21st GenerationMaria II • Januária Maria, Princess Imperial of Brazil** • Infanta Paula Mariana** • Infanta Francisca** • Infanta Maria Amélia** • Maria das Neves, Duchess of San Jaime • Maria Teresa, Archduchess of Austria • Maria Josepha, Duchess in Bavaria • Adelgundes, Duchess of Guimarães • Maria Ana, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg • Maria Antónia, Duchess of Parma 22nd GenerationInfanta Maria*** • Maria Ana, Crown Princess of Saxony*** • Antónia, Princess of Hohenzollern*** • Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil** • Infanta Maria da Glória*** • Leopoldina, Princess Ludwig August of Saxe-Coburg-Kohary** • Maria Teresa, Princess Karl Ludwig of Thurn und Taxis • Isabel Maria, Princess of Thurn und Taxis • Infanta Maria Benedita • Infanta Mafalda • Maria Anna, Hereditary Princess of Thurn und Taxis • Infanta Filippa Maria • Maria Antónia, Mrs. Chanler • Maria Adelaide, Mrs. van Uden 23rd Generationnone 24th GenerationInfanta Maria Ana*** • Infanta Maria Francisca *also an infanta of Spain, **also an imperial princess of Brazil, ***also a princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duchess in Saxony Infantas of Spain by marriage 1st generation 2nd generationnone 3rd generation 4th generationnone 5th generationnone 6th generationnone 7th generation 8th generation 9th generation 10th generation 11th generation 12th generation 13th generationPrincess Mercedes of the Two Sicilies · Princess Alicia of Parma 14th generation 15th generation *also an Infanta in her own right
**did not have a royal or noble title by birth but was admitted as Infanta
House of Braganza John IVChildren Peter IIChildren include John VChildren Joseph IChildren include Maria I and Peter IIIChildren include John VIChildren include Pedro IVChildren includeGrandchildren MiguelChildrenGrandchildrenGreat grandchildrenGreat-great grandchildren Maria II and Ferdinand IIChildren
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