- Prince of Asturias
The title Prince of
Asturiasis given to the heir apparentto the Spanish throne, and the earlier kingdom of Castille. The current Prince of Asturias is Felipe, son of King Juan Carlos of Spainand Queen Sofia. If the heir apparent exists, the title is not given to the heir presumptive, whereas (contrary to practice in other than Iberian countries) in the event of the lack of an heir apparent, the title can be (but is not necessarily) given to the heir presumptive. For example of heirs presumptive who had received the title: The grandson and heir presumptive of Queen Isabel I, Miguel de la Paz, Infante of Portugal, only son of the Queen's deceased eldest daughter, was styled Prince of Asturias sometime during his two-year long life. Infanta Maria de las Mercedes of Spain, eldest daughter of Alfonso XII, was styled Princess of Asturias during her childhood, particularly when her posthumous brother Alfonso XIII was not yet born.
Other associated titles originate from the rest of the kingdoms that formed Spain:
Prince of Viana, Prince of Girona, Duke of Montblanc, Count of Cerveraand Lord of Balaguer.
Francisco Francoappointed Juan Carlos de Borbón as his "successor with the title of King" but gave him the new title of Prince of Spain instead of Prince of Asturias.
The current Prince of Asturias has instituted the
Prince of Asturias Awards.
History and list of the Princes of Asturias
After the death of
Pedro of Castilein 1369, the kingdom was drawn yet deeper in a civil war, disputes and long rivalled between English claimant, John, Duke of Lancaster, and two successive Trastamare claimants, Kings Henry II of Castileand his son John I of Castile. After two decades of conflicts of varying intensity, the parties arrived at compromise through means of marriage: the future Henry III of Castile(1379-1406) was married to Katherine of Lancasterin 1388. A part of the pact ("Accord of Bayonne") was to elevate the young couple to a title, Prince and Princess of Asturias, which was modelled after that of Prince of Walesin English kingdom. The title was to belong to the official successor of the Castilian throne. Thus the first holders of the princedom was the young don Enrique de Castilla y de Aragon and his wife dona Catalina de Lancastre y de Castilla.
In the first years the title was not only honorary, as it included the ownership of the territory of
Asturias; the Prince ruled the Principality in representation of the King and was able to appoint judges, mayors... This was changed by the Catholic Monarchs, who limited the scope of the title making it merely honorary; this decision was upheld by the "Austrias" (as the Habsburgare commonly known in Spain) and the House of Bourbon, till the present day.
The holders of the title have been:
Asturias, Cebu, Philippines
Prince of Asturias Awards
Spanish aircraft carrier Principe de Asturias
Spanish monarchy full Titulary
* [http://www.abc.es/informacion/boda/biografia_principe/07.asp The title of Prince of Asturias (in Spanish)]
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