- Arctic Alaska
It commonly includes North Slope Borough, Northwest Arctic Borough, Nome Census Area, Wade Hampton Census Area, and Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area. Some notable towns there include Prudhoe Bay, Barrow, Kotzebue, Nome, Hooper Bay, and Galena.
Most of these communities have no highways and can only be reached by aircraft or snowmobile in good weather. Originally inhabited by various Eskimo groups living off abundant salmon fishing, modern settlement in Arctic Alaska was driven first by discoveries of gold and later on by the extraction of petroleum.
The ecosystem consists largely of tundra covering mountain ranges and coastal plains which are home to bears, wolves, sheep, oxen, reindeer, and numerous species of birds, indeed the north coast has been defined as the Arctic coastal tundra ecoregion. Arctic Alaska is also the location of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, Gates of the Arctic National Park and Preserve, and the National Petroleum Reserve-Alaska. The Arctic experiences midnight sun in the summer and polar night in the winter.
State of Alaska Topics Society Regions Largest cities Boroughs Census Areas Arctic topics HistoryArctic research • Exploration of the Arctic • History of whaling Geo Politics Geography Regions Climate Fauna EconomyArctic Refuge drilling controversy • Parks, reserves and refuges • Transportation in the Arctic Culture
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