Konkan


Konkan
A typical view of the Konkan, consisting of white-sand beaches and palm trees (mostly coconut and betel nut).

The Konkan (Marathi/Konkani: कोंकण;) also called the Konkan Coast or Karavali is a rugged section of the western coastline of India from Raigad to Mangalore. The sapta-Konkan is a slightly larger region described in the Skanda-purana.

Konkan Division is also one of six administrative sub-divisions of the state of Maharashtra, comprising its coastal districts.

Residents of Konkan and their descendants are called Konkanis. The name may also refer specifically to the Konkani people, ethnic group of the region; most of whom speak the Konkani language. Besides the Konkanis the other major ethnic group are the Tuluvas, mostly living the districts of Dakshina Kannada and Udupi of Karnataka state.In Uttara kannada district Kannada is also widely spoken. The Sanskrit term Konkanastha (कोंकणस्थ), means "Resident of Konkan".

Contents

Boundaries

Map of the Konkan 1740AD.

The precise definition of Konkan varies, but most include Maharashtra's districts of Raigad, Mumbai, Thane, Ratnagiri and Sindhudurg, the state of Goa, and the North Kanara, Udupi and South Kanara districts of Karnataka.

The sapta-Konkan as depicted in Skanda-purana stretches from Maharashtra to Karnataka . This is actually logical since there are a lot of similarities in the food-habits (rice and fish), crops cultivated (rice, mangoes, cashews and jackfruit) and the physique (tall and well-built) of people dwelling in this area.

The Konkan division

The Konkan division is an administrative sub-division of Maharashtra which comprises all the coastal districts of the state.

Geography

The Sahyadri Mountain range ("Western Ghats") forms the eastern boundary of the Konkan, and the Arabian Sea marks the western boundary. The southern boundary is the Gangavali River. The Mayura River forms the northern boundary.

The Gangavali flows in the district of ("North Kanara") in present-day "Karnataka State"; the cis-Gangavali portion (seen from Bombay) of this district is the southern-most part of the Konkan. The towns of Gokarn, Guhagar, Honavar, and Karwar fall within the Konkan.

The exact identity of the Mayura River, the northern limits of the historic Konkan, is indeterminate.

Ethnology

The Gabit, Gauda and Kunbi tribals of Konkan are among the original settlers in the region .

Tribal communities in Konkan include Konkana, Warli and Kolcha in Southern Gujarat, Dadra and Nagarhaveli and Thane district of Maharashtra. Katkaris are found more in Raigad and also some in Ratnagiri district.


See also

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Konkan — ist der Name für eine zwischen der Arabischen See und dem Gebirgszug der Western Ghats gelegene Küstenregion im Westen Indiens zwischen Alibagh im Norden und Mangalore im Süden. Konkan hat keine genau festgelegten Grenzen, meist werden die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Konkan — Konkan, Küstenlandschaft in der britisch ind. Präsidentschaft Bombay, zwischen den Westghats und dem Arabischen Meer, 3–70 km breit. umfaßt Stadt und Insel Bombay, die Distrikte Ratnagiri, Kolaba und Thana und drei einheimische Staaten: Dschawhar …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Konkan — Kōnkan, zur Südl. Division der brit. ind. Präsidentschaft Bombay gehörige Landschaft, 35.306 qkm, (1901) ca. 3.035.700 E. (Mahratten) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Konkan —   [ kɔȖkən], Landschaft an der Westküste Indiens, zwischen Goa und Daman, 45 75 km breit, über 500 km lang; niederschlagsreich; Reisanbau, Kokospalmen; wichtigstes wirtschaftliches Zentrum ist Bombay.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Konkan — Côte de Konkan La côte de Konkan , en marâthî  : कोकण, désigne une partie de la côte occidentale de l Inde, entre le golfe de Cambay au nord et la côte de Kanara au sud. Elle comprend principalement la côte de l État du Maharashtra, dont la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Konkan — ▪ coastal plain, India also called  Aparanta        coastal plain of western India, lying between the Arabian Sea (west) and the Western Ghats (east). The plain stretches approximately 330 miles (530 km) from the Daman Ganga River north of Mumbai …   Universalium

  • Konkan — geographical name region W India in W Maharashtra bordering on Arabian Sea & extending from Bombay S to Goa …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Konkan Railway — Overview Type Regional rail Status Operational Locale Konkan, India Termini Roha Thokur …   Wikipedia

  • Konkan Railway Corporation — (KRC) is a subsidiary of the Indian Railways (IR). It operates the Konkan Railways, a subsidiary zone of the Indian Railways. Its headquarters is at Belapur in New Bombay. KRC has been making losses since it opened in the 1990s prompting many to… …   Wikipedia

  • Konkan Kanya Express — is an Indian Railways train running between Mumbai and Madgaon on the Konkan Railway route. The train covers the 765 km journey in about 13.5 hours. Konkan Kanya literally means Konkan s virgin, [ [http://www.experiencefestival.com/kanya Kanya ]… …   Wikipedia


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